Of Possible Climate Change Interest

  • Greenhouse Gasses Defined by Climate Reality
    What Exactly Are Greenhouse Gases, Anyway?

    Jan. 3, 2019 Climate Reality Project -We’re getting back to basics to answer one of the most foundational questions a person can have about our warming world: What exactly are greenhouse gases, anyway?

    You know how your good friend Dave can rattle off pre-season stats with the precision of a brain surgeon, always seems to win your fantasy football league, and can’t begin to understand why you’re still rooting for [insert “Your Team” here]? Well, we’re kind of the Dave of climate action. Do read on.

  • Does Climate Change Influence Tornado Effects?
    Tornadoes and Climate Change

    Center for Climate and Energy Solutions - The link between tornadoes and climate change is currently unclear. It’s difficult to identify long-term trends in tornado records, which only date back to 1950 in the United States. Also, the population in many areas affected by tornadoes has grown, so it’s possible that tornadoes in the early part of the 20th century occurred without anyone seeing them. Improved technology, such as advanced radar, also helps us “see” tornadoes that may not have been detected decades ago.

    Another problem lies with the physics associated with tornadoes. Researchers are working to better understand how the building blocks for tornadoes – atmospheric instability and wind shear – will respond to global warming. It is likely that a warmer, moister world would allow for more frequent instability. However, it is also likely that a warmer world would lessen chances for wind shear. Climate change also could shift the timing of tornadoes or the regions that are most likely to be hit, with less of an impact on the total number of tornadoes.

  • How the Caron Fee & Dividend Act Can Work for US.
    Energy Innovation & Carbon Dividend Act:
    America's Climate Solution

    Energy Information Act- Carbon Fee: This policy puts a fee on fossil fuels like coal, oil, and gas. It starts low, and grows over time. This will drive down carbon pollution because energy companies, leading industries, and American consumers will move toward cleaner, cheaper options.

    Carbon Dividend: The money collected from the carbon fee is allocated in equal shares every month to the American people to spend as they see fit. Program administrative costs are paid from the fees collected. The government does not keep any of the money from the carbon fee. The article also talks about adjustments.

  • 20 Ways to Reduce Our Carbon Footprint
    Top 20 Ways to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

    -Here are top twenty ways we can reduce our carbon footprint based on research by Union of Concerned Scientists and the groundbreaking climate solutions book Drawdown. Other top actions are also listed - from supporting climate reducing organizations to organizing community efforts to reduce our collective carbon footprint.

    Click now the 20 ways
    from  Global Stewards.

  • Six Week Video Lessons on Climate Solutions
    Where Earth’s Carbon is Stored

    Nov. 20, 2018 -The course will discuss the following topics:

    1. Carbon
    2. Emissions
    3. Weather
    4. Climate
    5. Productivity
    6. People (the most important)

    Click now to start the lessons
    from Bio Integrity.

  • What About 'No Glacier' National Park?
    Is Glacier National Park Due for a Name Change?

    National Parks have grown up with photography. So it’s only fitting that in the last days of ice in Montana’s Glacier National Park, Lisa McKeon is using a camera to show how quickly climate change has killed off the park’s namesakes.

    After all, it’s one thing to note that of the park’s 150 glaciers that existed in the late 1800s, only 25 of them remain today. But it’s another to see what that cold, hard fact looks like on the landscape.

    Click now to read the article from the Alternet.

  • Here’s a Weather Forecast for 2100
    What is The Weather Forecast for The Year 2100?

    Feb. 16, 2018 -For anyone paying attention, the impacts of global temperature rise are starting to get a little scary, especially if you live on the coast. Any coast. You have to wonder where is this going and what will the world look in the near future say 2100? A team at Princeton University has some answers.

    Heat waves are among the deadliest and most common of environmental extremes. As the earth continues to warm due to the buildup of greenhouse gases, heat waves are expected to become more severe, particularly for cities, where concrete and a dearth of trees create what’s known as the urban heat island effect.

    Click now to read more(if you can
    stand it?) from  Solar Thermal Magazine.

  • Must-See Climate Change Films
    6 Climate Change Movies You HAVE To See

    July 11, 2018 -Six deeply engaging and thought-provoking films shine a light on the realities of the climate crisis today – and imagine what it means for our tomorrow.

    Truly great films about the climate crisis are tough to come by. Allusions to environmental destruction are very familiar in the futuristic dystopias Hollywood churns out like clockwork, but they rarely get the science right – or they abandon it entirely in favor of skipping straight to some post-apocalyptic CGI extravaganza.

    The list includes: Interstellar, Beasts of the Southern Wild, Chasing Coral, Snowpiercer, An Inconvenient Truth and An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power

    Click now for the trailers
    from CleanTechnica.

  • Family Planning & Climate Change
    How Family Planning
    Can Slow Climate Change

    No matter where she lives, reproductive health is her right. Our work expands possibilities for women worldwide by making sure contraceptives stay on shelves, doctors can do their jobs, and women can reach the care they want and need.

    Click now for much more
    from  PAI.org.

  • Bird Future in Our National Parks
    How Climate Change Will Affect Birds in Our
    Country’s Most Treasured Natural Places

    On average, one-quarter of bird species found in a given national park could be completely different by 2050 if carbon emissions continue at their current pace. New research, led by the National Audubon Society and National Park Service and published in the peer-reviewed journal PLOS ONE, underscores the need to safeguard and manage protected lands for birds and wildlife in a changing world.

    Click now for complete story
    from the  Audubon Society.

  • Taking a Leaf Out of Thoreau’s Book
    Climate Data That Transcends Time

    Apr. 11, 2018- As our planet warms up, the seasons are shifting in many parts of the world. Spring often arrives earlier, autumn often comes later. And not all species are adjusting their own seasonal habits at the same rate. Some flowers are now blooming before their pollinators emerge. Some birds are arriving at their breeding grounds after the insects they normally feast on have peaked.

    When different species fall out of sync like this, scientists call it a phenological mismatch. And, as Livia Albeck-Ripka and I reported last week, researchers have already found a few troubling examples where mismatches are having negative consequences for birds and animals, from the pied flycatcher in Europe to the caribou in western Greenland.

    Click now for more
    from the NY Times Climate Forward.

  • Reducing Your Carbon Footprint
    Carbon Footprint Explained

    -A carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions that come from the production, use and end-of-life of a product or service. It includes carbon dioxide — the gas most commonly emitted by humans — and others, including methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases, which trap heat in the atmosphere, causing global warming. Usually, the bulk of an individual’s carbon footprint will come from transportation, housing and food.

    You can start the process by calculating your carbon footprint here. You will need to know the following:

    Approximately how many miles you travel by car, bus, train and plane. The energy usage in your home. How much you spend shopping. The composition of your diet.

    Click now for much more from
    from the New York Times.

  • A Conversation with “Her Deepness” An Account by a Senior Citizen Deep Environmentalist

    Mar. 21, 2018 -Sylvia Earle, 82, is an oceanographer who has spent thousands of hours underwater studying corals, algae and wildlife. She was the first person to walk untethered on the ocean floor a quarter of a mile deep and once lived underwater for two weeks in a NASA experiment. She also spent two years as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s chief scientist.

    Click to read more from Climate Forward.
    Scroll down 'till you reach the article.

  • U.S. Climate Change Litigation If Climate Change Wrecks Your City, Can It Sue Exxon?

    Feb. 20, 2018 -Scientists can now link disasters to climate change, opening the door to lawsuits against fossil fuel companies

    Last summer, Ryan Coonerty, a county supervisor in Santa Cruz, got word that the neighboring county of San Mateo was about to take a bold step in adapting to climate change. Rising seas are already eroding San Mateo’s coast, and the county will need to spend billions of dollars on new sea walls and other infrastructure to protect itself in the years to come. So in July, San Mateo, along with Marin County and the city of Imperial Beach, sued 37 fossil fuel companies, arguing that they should help pay for the damage their products cause.

    Click to learn more from theVerge.com.

  • Download a Climate Change Free eBook Learn How to Make Climate Change Points

    All you need to know to make your argument with climate change skeptics.

    Every new year seems to arrive on the heels of another unfortunate climate record set. And 2017’s is among the most startling: Climate-related and other natural disasters caused a staggering $306 billion in total damages in the US, making 2017 by far the most expensive year on record for disasters in the country.

    Click now for free the eBook
    from The Climate Reality Project.

  • Oh, the Seas, They Are Arising Easter Island Is Critically Vulnerable

    Mar. 15, 2018 -Nicholas Casey, a New York Times correspondent based in Colombia, and Josh Haner, a Times photographer, traveled 2,200 miles off the coast of Chile to see how the ocean is erasing the island’s monuments.

    HANGA ROA, EASTER ISLAND — The human bones lay baking in the sun. It wasn’t the first time Hetereki Huke had stumbled upon an open grave like this one.

    For years, the swelling waves had broken open platform after platform containing ancient remains. Inside the tombs were old obsidian spearheads, pieces of cremated bone and, sometimes, parts of the haunting statues that have made this island famous.

    Click now for whole the story
    from NY Times Interactive.

  • A Louisiana Village Fights for Time The Community of Lafitte Faces Rising Tides

    Feb. 24, 2018 -JEAN LAFITTE, LA. — From a Cessna flying 4,000 feet above Louisiana’s coast, what strikes you first is how much is already lost. Northward from the Gulf, slivers of barrier island give way to the open water of Barataria Bay as it billows toward an inevitable merger with Little Lake, its name now a lie. Ever-widening bayous course through what were once dense wetlands, and a cross-stitch of oil field canals stamp the marsh like Chinese characters.

    Saltwater intrusion, the result of subsidence, sea-level rise and erosion, has killed off the live oaks and bald cypress. Stands of roseau cane and native grasses have been reduced to brown pulp by feral hogs, orange-fanged nutria and a voracious aphid-like invader from Asia. A relentless succession of hurricanes and tropical storms — three last season alone — has accelerated the decay. In all, more than 2,000 square miles, an expanse larger than the state of Delaware, have disappeared since 1932.

    Click now for this interactive article from the New York Times.

  • Never Too Late to Change Your Mind
    How Six Americans Changed Their
    Minds About Global Warming

    Feb. 21, 2018 - by Livia Aleck-Ripka - The Rev. Richard Cizik used to believe climate change was a myth. The science had to be rigged, he thought; those who believed in it were just tree-huggers. But in 2002, a friend convinced Mr. Cizik to go to a conference about climate change, and there, he said, “the scales came off my eyes.”

    Click now to read about five others who’ve also come to their senses, from NY Times Climate.

  • Climate and Environmental Justice They Go Together With Local Activism

    Jan. 25, 2018 -Jacqui Patterson, the director of the NAACP’s Environmental and Climate Justice Program, joined ILSR co-founder and Waste to Wealth initiative researcher Neil Seldman and ILSR’s Communications Manager Nick Stumo-Langer for the latest edition of our Building Local Power podcast.

    The discussion centers on the practical implications of environmental justice and how she balances her work at a national non-profit with the needs of 2200 branches and local chapters of the NAACP. The trio also delves into the difficulties facing local communities that attempt to make local ownership of energy resources a reality. Finally, Jacqui explains how her work intersects with a number of other activist spaces including organizing around women’s issues and racial justice in order to create a healthier environment and a vibrant local community.

    Click to listen and learn fromISLR.

  • Defending Climate Against Deniers How to Talk to a Climate Change Denier

    Jan. 11, 2018 - by Daniel Peterschmidt - Many of us have debated the threat of climate change with our friends, family, and strangers on the internet. But not everyone believes that anthropogenic climate change exists or views it as a problem relevant to their everyday lives. And, as we’ve seen lately in the political world, facts aren’t always enough.

    Click now for much more from Science Friday.

  • 2017: The Year in Climate Stories the NY Time Covered in 2017

    Dec. 6, 2017 - A range of topics is presented.

    Click now to read about them.

  • Coastal Cities That Can Disappear Which Cities Are in the Most Jeopardy?

    Apr. 24, 2016 - Maps show coastal and low-lying areas that would be permanently flooded, without engineered protection, in three levels of higher seas. Percentages are the portion of dry, habitable land within the city limits of places listed that would be permanently submerged.

    Click for this story from the
    NY Times, including graphics.

  • What Alaskan Permafrost? It's Disappearimg
    Alaska’s Permafrost Is Thawing

    YUKON DELTA NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, Alaska — The Arctic is warming about twice as fast as other parts of the planet, and even here in sub-Arctic Alaska the rate of warming is high. Sea ice and wildlife habitat are disappearing; higher sea levels threaten coastal native villages..

    Click for the NY Times story with graphics.

  • The 4th National Climate Assessment
    Development of the Fourth
    National Climate Assessment (NCA4)

    (NCA4) is currently underway, with anticipated delivery in late 2018. Below you will find information related to NCA4, including a list of chapters, explanation of author roles, and opportunities to participate in the process.

    Click now to read the article.

  • Floating Ice Melt Will Raise Sea Level
    Presented by the National
    Snow & Ice Data Center

    When ice on land slides into the ocean, it displaces ocean water and causes sea level to rise. People believe that when this floating ice melts, water level doesn’t rise an additional amount because the freshwater ice displaces the same volume of water as it would contribute once it melts. Similarly, people also think that when ocean water freezes to form sea ice and then melts, the water is merely going through a change of state, so it won’t affect sea level. However, in a visit to NSIDC in May, Dr. Peter Noerdlinger, a professor at St. Mary’s University in Nova Scotia, Canada, suggested otherwise.

    Click for the complete article.

  • Biodiversity at the The Climate Law Institute
    Saving Life on Earth

    Waging innovative legal and grassroots campaigns to protect people, wildlife and ecosystems from climate change and the dirty and dangerous fossil fuel industry. We work to eliminate greenhouse pollution and speed the just transition to 100 percent clean, renewable energy.

    Click now for more from
    the Center for Biological Diversity.

  • What is the Role of Tropical Forests
    Tropical Forests Once Absorb Carbon. Not Any More

    Apr. 16, 2018 - Since humans began to worry about having put too much carbon in the atmosphere, we’ve considered tropical forests an important “carbon sink.” Their fast growth rate, dense vegetation, and rich soils sucked more carbon out of the atmosphere then they produced. In other words, tropical forests were a natural greenhouse-gas vacuum. Except now, just when the world most needs them to be, they’re not.

    Click now for more from the  World Economic Forum.

  • Are Climate Change Debates Debatable?
    Presented at a Meeting of the
    Humanists of Sarasota Bay,
    Sarasota, FL. on Nov.1, 2017

    Nov. 3, 2017 - Barry Zack, the editor of this website made his ideas known to a group of sophisiticated attendees. His opponenet is a PhD with different ideas as to what is really responsible for Climate Change, and all of its ramifications.

    Click to read the presentation.

  • Climate Change in Photographs
    Photo Collections From
    The Climate Reality Project

    Aug. 25, 2017 - A collection of photos by the Climate Reality team - a nonprofit organization leading the fight against the climate crisis.

    To view it, click now.

  • The Importance of Mangroves
    Carbon-Rich Mangroves
    Help Control Climate Change

    Better protecting the world’s fast-disappearing mangroves could have big economic, social and environmental benefits, experts said at the U.N. climate talks in Lima back in 2014.

    Besides protecting shorelines from extreme weather and providing fish a safe place to breed, mangroves could play a big role in trapping climate-changing carbon emissions, something that has so far been largely overlooked, they said.

    Click for the complete article.

  • The Climate Accountability Scorecard Ranking Major Fossil Fuel Companies on
    Climate Deception, Disclosure, and Action

    An in-depth analysis of eight leading fossil fuel companies finds that none of them has made a clean break from disinformation on climate science and policy.

    Click to read the report
    from the Union of Concerned Scientists

  • Graph: The Relentless Rise in CO2View the NASA Graph Showing CO2 Rise

    The current warming trend is of particular significance because most of it is extremely likely (greater than 95 percent probability) to be the result of human activity since the mid-20th century and proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented over decades to millennia.

    Earth-orbiting satellites and other technological advances have enabled scientists to see the big picture, collecting many different types of information about our planet and its climate on a global scale. This body of data, collected over many years, reveals the signals of a changing climate.

  • Antarctica Like You've Never Seen It 100-Year-Old Photos Reveal
    Antarctica Like You've Never Seen It

    July 14, 2017 -With our polar regions rapidly shrinking—and more bad news this week—it can make one nostalgic for an Antarctica that was, well, intact.

    The windiest, coldest, and driest place on Earth, the continent has long attracted explorers on a quest for adventure. National Geographic Magazine in particular has a history of fascination with Antarctica, publishing its first story on the region in 1894.

    Click now for the show.

  • Ask What Can We Do for the Climate
    Ask Not What Your Climate
    Can Do for You. Ask What
    You Can do for Your Climate

    From the Humanist.com, June, 2017: While the federal government is becoming a follower rather than a leader on climate change, we can fight on the state, local, and personal levels to achieve huge reductions in greenhouse gases.

  • Predicting San Francisco in 2075
    View a Map After a
    Catastrophic Rise in Sea Levels

    Far in the future, San Francisco's Divisadero Street is a cruise-ship harbor, taco trucks have become taco boats, and the Mission District is a beloved site for scuba diving. That's the waterlogged vision of cartographer Brian Stokle and Bay Area blog Burrito Justice, who've made a fantasy map of the city post-200 feet of sea-level rise.

    Is it just a fantasy? Click and have a look.

  • Peatlands and Climate Change
    The Role of Peatlands
    to Combat Climate Change

    The human impact on global climate and the role of peatlands has been widely studied and debated in media, but also within a scientific audience and peatland experts during recent years.

  • SRQ Climate Change Meet Up Sarasota Climate Change Meet Up

    Are you concerned about climate change? Do you suspect you’re the only one? Join us and learn you’re not alone. Got answers about climate change? Share them. We want to hear. Got questions about climate change? Share them. Maybe there’s an answer. Is anybody in Sarasota doing anything about climate change? If so, what? If not, why not? Got ideas? Let’s talk about them.

  • 6 Climate Leaders Tell Their Story
    Discover Your Purpose
    Learn from the Leaders

    Trained by The Climate Reality Project Founder and Chairman Al Gore and renowned climate scientists and communicators from around the world, our Climate Reality Leaders shape the conversation on climate science in forums from family dinners to international summits to tell the story of the climate crisis and build a twenty-first century movement for solutions.

  • Climate Change by the Numbers
    Climate Change by the Numbers
    You Just Need to Do the Math

    Nov 29, 2016 - Michio Kaku Explains, in this YouTube, why he Is no longer a Climate Change denier: Global Warming Is Real!.

  • CC & GW: Conservative Approach
    Republic EN - A Conservative
    Approach to Climate Change

    Policy Statement: Members of republicEn are conservatives, libertarians, and pragmatists of diverse political opinion. We stand together because we believe in American free enterprise. We believe that with a true level playing field, free enterprise can deliver the innovation to solve climate change. But America's climate policy needs to change. Change requires that conservative leaders step-up and lead.

  • U.S. and Climate Change Thinking
    Six Maps Help Tell the Story

    Mar. 21, 2017 -Americans overwhelmingly believe that global warming is happening, and that carbon emissions should be scaled back. But fewer are sure that the changes will harm them personally. New data released by the Yale Program on Climate Communication gives the most detailed view yet of public opinion on global warming.

    Click for the maps and
    article from the NY Times.

  • A Solar Solution For Desalination
    Can New Renewable Energy Powered
    Desalination Solve Our Water Shortages?

    June 11, 2018 — What if new renewable energy technology could solve not just our climate change problem but issues associated with climate change like shortages of fresh water where we need it? As you know we are a fan of solar thermal energy technology and this research we are about to share with you will make you a fan as well.

    Freshwater shortages are projected to increase in our hotter and more crowded future. Already, 150 countries desalinate seawater, using fossil fuels.

    But supplying an ever-increasing basic need with non-renewable fuels creates a growing threat, according to Dr. Diego-César Alarcón-Padilla, who heads up SolarPACES Task VI at the Solar Desalination Unit at Plataforma Solar de Almería (PSA)

    Click for the whole story
    from Solar Thermal Magazine.

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Causes and Consequences

Click on a subject for more information.
Meat Consumption CO2 Pollution Concrete's Footprint Deforestation
Ice Meltdown Poor Regulation Population Growth
Sea-Level Rise

Approaches

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Climate Change/Global Warming News Stories

  • Ways of Adapting to Climate Change
    Once Derided, Ways of Adapting
    to Climate Change Gain Steam

    Jan. 9, 2019 National Geographic -Recognition is spreading that communities need to build resilience to climatic and coastal threats even as the world seeks ways to curb emissions driving global warming.

    From chronically flooded Midwestern towns to fire-charred California suburbs, from Bangladesh’s sodden delta to low island nations facing rising seas, a long-underplayed strategy for cutting risks related to human-driven climate change is coming to the fore—adaptation.

  • How the Climate Crisis Is Affecting the Carolinas
    How the Climate Crisis Is Affecting the Carolinas

    Jan. 7, 2019 Climate Reality Project -Like so many Southeastern US states, North and South Carolina are already feeling the effects of the climate crisis. And also like in so many of these places, these effects will only become more pronounced unless we act boldly to slash greenhouse gas emissions.

    In the coming decades, the region's changing climate is likely to reduce crop yields, harm livestock, increase the number of unpleasantly hot days, and increase the risk of heat stroke and other heat-related illnesses,” according to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Eve THEY admit it.

  • What Is Happening to Antarctic Sea Ice?
    Antarctic Sea Ice In Record-Low Territory
    Again, and Nobody Knows Why

    Earther Gizmodo, Jan. 4, 2019 - What’s happening to Arctic sea ice is pretty straightforward: Earth is getting warmer, and everything’s melting. But on the other side of the planet, things are more complicated, as evidenced by the latest Antarctic sea ice slump that has scientists scratching their heads.

    Antarctica rang in the new year with record-low levels of sea ice, according to an update released Thursday by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSDIC). On January 1, sea ice covered a paltry 2.11 million square miles of water in the Southern Ocean rimming the continent, which is 726,000 square miles below the long-term average for that date.

  • How Does 2018 Look with Regard to Climate Change?
    2018 - The Year in Climate Change

    NY Times Climate Forward , Dec. 29, 2018 - Read stories about Climate Change going back to the beginning of the year.

  • 2018 Was A Milestone Year For Climate Science
    2018 Was A Milestone Year For
    Climate Science (If Not Politics)

    Oregon Public Broadcasting , Dec. 27, 2018 - 2018 was a hot year — in fact, the fourth warmest on record. The only years that were, on average, warmer were the past three, according to the World Meteorological Organization.

    It has been warming for decades now. But 2018 brought several major new and markedly more precise reports from scientists about what climate change is doing to the weather and how dire they expect the consequences to be.

  • Ask Not What a 1/2 Degree Can Do to You
    Half a Degree Stole the Climate Spotlight in 2018

    Science News, Dec. 22, 2018 - This is the year we learned that the 2015 Paris Agreement on global warming won’t be enough to forestall significant impacts of climate change. And a new field of research explicitly attributed some extreme weather events to human-caused climate change. This one-two punch made it clear that climate change isn’t just something to worry about in the coming decades. It’s already here.

    View the Top Ten List of Climate Dangers.

  • Droughts Are Causing a Greater Use of Fossil Fuels
    Droughts Boost Emissions as Hydropower Dries Up

    ENN Network, Dec. 21, 2018 - When hydropower runs low in a drought, western states tend to ramp up power generation – and emissions – from fossil fuels. According to a new study from Stanford University, droughts caused about 10% of the average annual CO2 emissions from power generation in California, Idaho, Oregon and Washington between 2001 and 2015.

  • When Climate Change Gets Personal
    The Day I Tasted Climate Change

    M.I.T. Technology Review, Dec. 21, 2018 - In early November, gale-force winds whipped a brush fire into an inferno that nearly consumed the town of Paradise, California, and killed at least 86 people.

    By the second morning, the author of this story could smell the fire from one foot outside his door in Berkeley, some 130 miles from the flames. Within a week, his eyes and throat stung even when he was indoors.

  • Charles Darwin is Not Going to be Happy
    Climate Change is Now Heating the
    Ocean Near the Galagos Islands

    the New York Times, Dec. 18, 2018 - Across a shallow strip of sea lies the island of Santiago, where Charles Darwin once sighted marine iguanas, the only lizard that scours the ocean for food. Finches, the product of slow generational flux, dart by. Now, in the era of climate change, they might be no match for the whims of natural selection.

    In the struggle against extinction on these islands, Darwin saw a blueprint for the origin of every species, including humans.

    Yet not even Darwin could have imagined what awaited the Galápagos, where the stage is set for perhaps the greatest evolutionary test yet.

  • COP 24 - You Can’t Win ‘Em All
    COP 24 Wrap-Up:
    3 Steps Forward, 2 Steps Back

    CleanTechnica, Dec. 17, 2018 - The COP 24 climate conference ended with the Polish minister in charge of the talks leaping from the podium into the crowd in gleeful celebration at all that had been accomplished. In truth, some progress was made. COP 24 was primarily designed to establish the technical rules that will allow the world community to accurately assess which nations are meeting the carbon reduction commitments they agreed to in Paris 3 years ago and which are not.

  • How Half a Degree Can Make So Much Difference
    Half a Degree Stole the Climate Spotlight in 2018

    Science News, Dec. 17, 2018 - This is the year we learned that the 2015 Paris Agreement on global warming won’t be enough to forestall significant impacts of climate change. And a new field of research explicitly attributed some extreme weather events to human-caused climate change. This one-two punch made it clear that climate change isn’t just something to worry about in the coming decades. It’s already here.

  • How Good Was the Paris Agreement of 2014?
    Katowice: The Paris Accord Promised a
    Climate Solution. Where is it?

    NY Times Climate Forward, Dec. 14, 2018 - World leaders struck an agreement three years ago in Paris to avert the worst effects of climate change, accepting not only that greenhouse gases were dangerously heating the planet, but also that every single country needed to do its part to curtail emissions.

    Now, emissions are rising in the United States and China, the world’s two largest economies. Other countries are backsliding on their commitments. The world as a whole is not meeting its targets under the Paris pact. As diplomats meet in Katowice, Poland, this week to bring the deal into effect, the world’s 7.6 billion people face mounting risks from more severe and more frequent floods, droughts and wildfires.

  • The Arctic Report Card: Do We Pass or Fail?
    Warming in Arctic Raises Fears of
    a ‘Rapid Unraveling’ of the Region

    NY Times Climate Forward, Dec. 11, 2018 -Persistent warming in the Arctic is pushing the region into “uncharted territory” and increasingly affecting the continental United States, scientists said Tuesday.

    “We’re seeing this continued increase of warmth pervading across the entire Arctic system,” said Emily Osborne, an official with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA, who presented the agency’s annual assessment of the state of the region, the “Arctic Report Card.”

  • Let’s Get Real About Climate Equity
    Let’s Talk About Climate Equity

    Climate Reality Project, Dec. 7, 2018 -Low-income families and communities of color get hit the hardest by fossil fuel pollution and the climate crisis.

    “If I love you, I have to make you conscious of the things that you don’t see.”

    The powerful quote written by novelist and social critic James Baldwin was the perfect opening for the “Ensuring Climate Equity” panel at Climate Reality’s latest Leadership Corps training in Los Angeles in August, 2018.

  • Climate Change Issues: Can the U.S. and China Just Get Along?
    U.S.-China Friction Threatens to
    Undercut the Fight Against Climate Change

    NY Times Climate Forward, Dec. 7, 2018 -They have the largest carbon footprints. Also the largest economies. Now, as diplomats meet in Poland for high-stakes climate negotiations, a pitched standoff between the United States and China threatens to slow global action on climate change precisely at a time when the risks of catastrophe are accelerating.

  • Melting Arctic Poses Military Risks
    The U.S. Military Needed New Icebreakers
    Years Ago. A Melting Arctic Is
    Raising the National Security Stakes.

    Dec. 3, 2018 Inside Climate News - Coast Guard crews are known for keeping their cool in high-stress situations. But when Lt. Samuel Krakower stepped into the engine room of the Polar Star last Jan. 16—midsummer in Antarctica—the scene was frantic.

    Icy water was pouring through the hull of the rugged ship, a 42-year-old workhorse on its annual mission to cut a channel through thick ice to the United States' scientific research hub at McMurdo Station.

  • Cascading Health Risks Resulting from Climate Change
    Study Warns of Cascading Health
    Risks From the Changing Climate

    Nov. 28, 2018 the New York Times -Crop yields are declining. Tropical diseases like dengue fever are showing up in unfamiliar places, including in the United States. Tens of millions of people are exposed to extreme heat.

    These are the stark findings of a wide-ranging scientific report that lays out the growing risks of climate change for human health and predicts that cascading hazards could soon face millions more people in rich and poor countries around the world.

  • If Insects Could Talk, What Would They Say?
    The Projected Effect on Insects,
    Vertebrates, and Plants of Limiting
    Global Warming to 1.5°C Rather than 2°C

    Nov. 26, 2018 Science Magazine -Insects are the most diverse group of animals on Earth and are ubiquitous in terrestrial food webs. We have little information about their fate in a changing climate; data are scant for insects compared with other groups of organisms.

    Warren et al. performed a global-scale analysis of the effects of climate change on insect distribution (see the Perspective by Midgley). For vertebrates and plants, the number of species losing more than half their geographic range by 2100 is halved when warming is limited to 1.5°C, compared with projected losses at 2°C. But for insects, the number is reduced by two-thirds.

  • Do We Want to Fight climate Change? Naturally
    Fighting Climate Change, Naturally

    Nov. 23, 2018 -Climate mitigation often focuses on technical solutions. But experts say as much as one-fifth of the United States’ current carbon emissions could be offset through “natural climate solutions,” which manage and restore land. Living on Earth’s Aynsley O’Neill reports.

    Click now to read or listen to the
    story from  Living on Earth Podcast.

  • Climate Change is Here, and it Hurts
    Climate Change Is Already Hurting U.S.
    Communities, Federal Report Says

    Nov. 23, 2018 -Climate change is already causing more frequent and severe weather across the U.S., and the country is poised to suffer massive damage to infrastructure, ecosystems, health and the economy if global warming is allowed to continue, according to the most comprehensive federal climate report to date.

    The fourth National Climate Assessment is the culmination of years of research and analysis by hundreds of top climate scientists in the country. The massive report details the many ways in which global climate change is already affecting American communities, from hurricanes to wildfires to floods to drought.

    Click for details from
    N.P.R. -All Things Considered.

 
  • New EPA Chief: Friend to Coal, Enemy to Clean Air
    Government Climate Report Lays Out How
    Screwed We Are If We Don’t Act Now

    Nov. 23, 2018 -A report mandated by Congress about the global impact of climate change and assembled by 13 federal bodies has painted a striking picture of the potentially cataclysmic effects it will have on life on Earth if it continues unmitigated.

    The staggering 1,656-page report, the second volume of the fourth National Climate Assessment, outlines the ways in which climate change is expected to affect life on our planet on virtually every level. And among the more alarming findings of the report is its insidious economic toll. If left unchecked, climate change could result in the loss of 10 percent of the American economy over the course of the current century, with industries like agriculture, tourism, and fisheries particularly affected.

    Click now for more from Earther.

  • Some Effects of Extreme Weather You May Not Know
    How Extreme Weather Is Shrinking the Planet

    By Bill McKibben, Nov. 26, 2018 -Thirty years ago, this magazine published “The End of Nature,” a long article about what we then called the greenhouse effect. I was in my twenties when I wrote it, and out on an intellectual limb: climate science was still young. But the data were persuasive, and freighted with sadness.

    We were spewing so much carbon into the atmosphere that nature was no longer a force beyond our influence—and humanity, with its capacity for industry and heedlessness, had come to affect every cubic meter of the planet’s air, every inch of its surface, every drop of its water. Scientists underlined this notion a decade later when they began referring to our era as the Anthropocene, the world made by man.

    Click now for the story
    from The New Yorker

  • Act Now or the Planet Gets It
    Government Climate Report Lays Out How
    Screwed We Are If We Don’t Act Now

    Nov. 23, 2018 -A report mandated by Congress about the global impact of climate change and assembled by 13 federal bodies has painted a striking picture of the potentially cataclysmic effects it will have on life on Earth if it continues unmitigated.

    The staggering 1,656-page report, the second volume of the fourth National Climate Assessment, outlines the ways in which climate change is expected to affect life on our planet on virtually every level. And among the more alarming findings of the report is its insidious economic toll. If left unchecked, climate change could result in the loss of 10 percent of the American economy over the course of the current century, with industries like agriculture, tourism, and fisheries particularly affected.

    Click for more from earther-gizmodo.

  • ’Mini Ice Age’ Story Might be Just That
    There Probably Won't Be
    a “Mini Ice Age” In 15 Years

    Nov. 16, 2018 -Since their article yesterday about how reduced solar activity could lead to the next little ice age, IFLScience has spoken to the researcher who started the furor: Valentina Zharkova. She announced the findings from her team's research on solar activity last week at the Royal Astronomical Society

    She noted that her team didn't realize how much of an impact their research would have on the media, and that it was journalists (including ourselves) who picked up on the possible impact on the climate. However, Zharkova says that this is not a reason to dismiss this research or the predictions about the environment.

    Click now to read the whole
    story from IFL Science.

  • Not Our Father’s Yellowstone Nat. Park
    Your Children’s Yellowstone National
    Park Will Be Radically Different

    Nov. 15,2018 -In the U.S., Yellowstone National Park is the only place bison and wolves can be seen in great numbers. Because of the park, these animals survive. Yellowstone was crucial to bringing back bison, reintroducing gray wolves, and restoring trumpeter swans, elk, and grizzly bears — all five species driven toward extinction found refuge here.

    But the Yellowstone of charismatic megafauna and of stunning geysers that four million visitors a year travel to see is changing before the eyes of those who know it best. Researchers who have spent years studying, managing, and exploring its roughly 3,400 square miles say that soon the landscape may look dramatically different.

    Click to read more from The NY
    Times Interactive
    and see some startling images.

  • Brazil's New Pres. Could Precipitate Climate Change
    Brazil’s Election Results Could Create
    Tons of Additional Greenhouse Gases

    Nov. 14, 2018 -Environmentalists and scientists fear that Brazil’s newly elected president, the far-right politician Jair Bolsonaro, will accelerate the destruction of the nation’s Amazon rainforest and Cerrado savanna, which rank among the world’s largest storehouses of carbon.

    Both absorb massive amounts of greenhouse gas, stocking it away in trees, grasses, roots, and soil. Bolsonaro’s campaign rhetoric and ties to agribusiness have led observers to fear he’ll push to loosen environmental rules and monitoring, says Tica Minami, coordinator of Greenpeace Brazil’s Amazon campaign…

    Click to read more
    from M.I.T. Technology Review.

  • Climate Change and Arctic Seabirds Survivability
    Climate Change May Have Made the
    Arctic Deadlier For Baby Shorebirds

    Nov. 13, 2018-Climate change may be flipping good Arctic neighborhoods into killing fields for baby birds.

    Every year, shorebirds migrate thousands of kilometers from their southern winter refuges to reach Arctic breeding grounds. But what was once a safer region for birds that nest on the ground now has higher risks from predators than nesting in the tropics, says Vojt?ch Kubelka, an evolutionary ecologist and ornithologist at Charles University in Prague. With many shorebird populations dwindling, nest success matters more every year.

    Click now for the story from Science News.

  • Flooding the Deserts to Combat Global Warming?
    Would Flooding The Deserts
    Help Stop Global Warming?

    Nov. 11, 2018 -Imagine flooding a desert half the size of the Sahara. Using 238 trillion gallons of desalinated ocean water to do the job. Creating millions of 1-acre-square micro-reservoirs to grow enough algae to gobble up all of Earth’s climate-changing carbon dioxide. For an encore: How about spreading the water and fertilizer (the dead algae) to grow a vast new forest of oxygen-producing trees?

    A Silicon Valley venture capital firm, Y Combinator, unveiled the radical desert flooding plan as one of four “moonshot” scenarios that it hopes innovators will explore as potential remedies to catastrophic global warming.

    Click for details from NBC News.

  • Even Your Beer is Threatened by Climate Change
    Add Beer to the List of
    Foods Threatened By Climate Change

    Nov. 10, 2018-Beer lovers could be left with a sour taste, thanks to the latest in a series of studies mapping the effects of climate change on crops.

    Malted barley — a key ingredient in beer including IPAs, stouts and pilsners — is particularly sensitive to warmer temperatures and drought, both of which are likely to increase due to climate change. As a result, average global barley crop yields could drop as much as 17 percent by 2099, compared with the average yield from 1981 to 2010, under the more extreme climate change projections, researchers report October 15 in Nature Plants.

    Click for the story from  Science News.

  • Young People Accepting the Climate Challenge
    Young Climate Reality Leaders Take Climate Action to the Courts

    Nov. 9, 2018 -Our Climate Reality Leaders know all too well what the future could look like for today’s young people – and they’re taking action to mitigate the worst of it.

    Without a global shift to clean, renewable energy, today’s children and young adults will face a world none of us would wish for them.

    No young person would be blamed for feeling overwhelmed, frightened, and helpless looking ahead at that prospect – the prospect of a world with runaway climate change.

    Click now for more from
    the Climate Reality Project.

  • How Did the ‘Climate’ Do in the Mid-Terms?
    Climate Change and the Elections: Five Takeaways

    Nov. 7, 2018 - The results of Tuesday’s elections could have a significant influence on how the United States deals with global warming in several ways.

    In the Trump era, much of the action to fight climate change has been happening at the state level. On that front, the results were mixed: Several key climate policies on the ballot, including a carbon tax in Washington State and an aggressive renewable power target in Arizona, were defeated soundly. But Democrats who favor clean energy also took control of a number of key governorships and state legislatures, opening doors for expanded action.

    Click now to read more from
    The NY Times Climate Forward.

  • Shrinking Water Supply endangers El Salvador
    Once Lush, El Salvador is
    Dangerously Close to Rrunning Dry

    Nov. 2, 2018 -As the sun comes up through a thick morning fog, Teresa Serrano joins other women from her community gathering around a natural spring nestled in the rolling hills of the Cabañas region. Here, in remote north-central El Salvador, they bathe, wash clothes, and prepare food. Today, Serrano waited until dawn to fetch water, but when the worst dry spells hit, she and her neighbors trek to the spring even earlier in the day.

    “The well doesn’t produce a lot of water,” she says. “And when it dries up, we have had problems with people fighting.”

    Click now to read the story from
     National Geographic, and view the photos.

  • Maps Showing Where Americans Agree on Climate
    Five Maps Show Where Americans (Mostly)
    Agree on Climate Change Policies

    Nov. 1, 2018 -Americans are politically divided over climate change, but there’s broader consensus around some of the solutions.

    New data from the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication – in partnership with Utah State University and the University of California, Santa Barbara – show how Americans across the country view climate and energy policies.

    Click now to read the story from
     The NY Times, and view the maps..

  • The Journal Nature Says World’s Wilderness Is Going…
    A Wilderness “Horror Story”

    Oct. 31, 2018 -Producing the first comprehensive fine-scale map of the world’s remaining marine and terrestrial wild places, conservation scientists writing in the journal Nature say that just 23 percent of the world’s landmass can now be considered wilderness, with the rest – excluding Antarctica – lost to the direct effects of human activities.

    These disturbing findings are particularly troubling as numerous recent studies reveal that Earth’s remaining wilderness areas are increasingly important buffers against the effects of climate change and other human impacts. The authors note two upcoming gatherings of key decision makes will be crucial to stopping current rate of loss.

    Click now to read the story from
     WCS Newsroom, and see the video.

  • There Might Be Good News For the Coral Reefs Yet
    Coral Larvae Survive Being Frozen
    & Thawed For The First Time

    Oct. 26, 2018 -For the first time, researchers have quick-frozen coral larvae and then — the tough part — safely thawed them.

    Swathing larvae in specks of gold and then heating them with a laser warmed the frozen coral babies in milliseconds. Thawed this way, 43% of 2-day-old test larvae recovered well enough to start swimming again, physiologist and cryobiologist Mary Hagedorn and her colleagues report October 24 in Scientific Reports.

    Click now to read more from Science News.

  • The Evil Purple Urchin and Its Dangerous Diet
    California’s Underwater Forests Under Threat
    by ‘Cockroaches of the Ocean’

    Oct. 22, 2018 -Five years ago, assigning wickedness to the purple urchin, a shellfish the size of a plum with quarter-inch spikes, would have been absurd. But that was before the urchins mowed down Northern California’s kelp forests.

    The underwater forests — huge, sprawling tangles of brown seaweed — are in many ways just as important to the oceans as trees are to the land. Like trees, they absorb carbon emissions and they provide critical habitat and food for a wide range of species. But when climate change helped trigger a 60-fold explosion of purple urchins off Northern California’s coast, the urchins went on a feeding frenzy and the kelp was devoured.

    Click now to read more from The NY Times Climate Forward, with some striking images.

  • Florida: What We Need to Know About Climate Change
    Climate Change and Florida:
    What You Need To Know

    Climate Reality Project, Oct. 16, 2018 -The scar carved across the state’s panhandle recently by powerful, climate change-fueled Hurricane Michael threw into sharp relief exactly what’s at stake in the Sunshine State.

    The Sunshine State has a little something for everyone – but in our warming world, it also faces many unique threats that put all that history, culture, and natural grandeur in jeopardy.

  • The Foods We Eat Do Affect the Climate
    9 Things You Need to Know
    About Food and Climate Change

    Sep. 22, 2018 -Did you know that livestock production has a larger impact on climate change than all transportation impacts combined? It can be argued that the single most important action that each and every one of us can take to reduce climate change, is to change what is on the end of our forks.

    All through that time, Mark Cameron worked as a senior policy advisor in the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO), under a boss who came under heavy criticism internationally for his actions on the climate change file.

    Click now to read all 9
    from The Center For Nutritional Studies.

  • Give Earth a Break - Reduce Meat Consumption
    Meat Consumption Needs to Drop
    by 90%, Climate Scientists Say

    Oct. 20, 2018 -New research suggests meat production has a far more drastic effect on global climate change than many would like to admit.

    For years, meat production and consumption have been identified as potential hazards when it comes to climate change efforts. However, a new study from international researchers suggests being more careful of how meat is processed and prepared is mandatory to reduce how it impacts the environment.

    Click now to read the whole
    story from Interesting Engineering.

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Resources

Mouse over a topic for a brief description.
Click on it to learn much more.

• Come Together - Right Now
• Warming Oceans - Melting Ice
• Taxing What Hurts our Planet
• Just Say 'Maybe'
• GHGE - It's a Gas

NOAA Sea-Level Rise Viewer

And if anyone should know
about that, it's NOAH.

Use this web mapping tool to visualize community-level impacts from coastal flooding or sea level rise (up to 6 feet above average high tides). Photo simulations of how future flooding might impact local landmarks are also provided, as well as data related to water depth, connectivity, flood frequency, socio-economic vulnerability, wetland loss and migration, and mapping confidence.
Click here to learn what else you need to know.

 

What are the Causes and
Consequencesof Climate Change?

Description

 

Animal Consumption


An analysis of meat, egg, and milk production encompasses not only the direct rearing and slaughtering of animals, but also grain and fertilizer production for animal feed, waste storage and disposal, water use, and energy expenditures on farms and in transporting feed and finished animal products, among other key impacts of the production process as a whole.
It takes 2,500 gallons of water, 12 pounds of grain, 35 pounds of topsoil and the energy equivalent of one gallon of gasoline to produce one pound of feedlot beef
Because of over-consumption of fish, all 17 of the world’s major fishing areas have reached or exceeded their natural limits. One-third of the world’s fish catch is fed directly to livestock
70% of US grain production is fed to livestock
5 million acres of rainforest are felled every year in South and Central America alone to create cattle pasture
Roughly 20% of all currently threatened and endangered species in the US are harmed by livestock grazing
Animal agriculture is a chief contributor to water pollution. America’s farm animals produce 10 times the waste produced by the human population.

 

Possible Solutions

Consume less meat and dairy products, and focus on plants and grains. Call on government to end subsidies for meat production.
See Resources for more information.

Carbon Pollution

Coal burning is responsible for nearly one-third of U.S. carbon emissions — the air pollution that is the main contributor to climate disruption. This according to the Sierra Club.

 

Possible Solutions

Make carbon more expensive to consume, by instituting a revenue-neutral carbon tax (but please don't call it a tax!). This would go a long way in making renewable energy competitive with cheap, dirty and unhealthy fossil fuels.
See Resources for more information.

Concrete's Carbon Footprint

According to the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (see Resources), ‘Concrete is the most widely used material on earth apart from water, with nearly three tons used annually for each man, woman, and child.

 

Possible Solutions


Come up with a concrete alternative. Do what the Romans do (resources).
 

Deforestation

Action for Our Plant (AFOP) describes the result of the decline of rainforests. Countries that are particularly poor try to grow their economies at the expense of this vital resource.

Possible Solutions


Incentivize these countries by rewarding them for protecting what are in reality, world resources.



What not to do
A better plan: See Resources.

Melting of the Polar Ice Caps


The polar ice caps have melted faster in last 20 years than in the last 10,000. A comprehensive satellite study confirms that the melting ice caps are raising sea levels at an accelerating rate.


See Sea Level Rise

Possible Solutions

Reduce the Greenhouse gas effect (GHGE), which traps CO2 and methane in the atmosphere by the use of fossil fuels, encouraging Green Building, smarter transportation and lower population. See Resources.

Population Growth


People around the world are beginning to address the problem by reducing their carbon footprint through less consumption and better technology. But unsustainable human population growth can overwhelm those efforts, leading us to conclude that we not only need smaller footprints, but fewer feet. -As reported by the Center for Biological Diversity.

Possible Solutions


This should be a no-brainer. Provide the tools and education for the poorest nations to reduce their birth rates. The Obama administration is already doing that, unlike his predecessor, who just said 'no' (See Resources). In the United States, women should be able to decide if and when to bear children. Religious leaders should not encourage motherhood when it's ill affordable.

Poor Regulation


The nature of greenhouse gases, or GHGs, makes international cooperation a must if the world hopes to prevent and avoid the experts’ predictions of widespread negative environmental effects. Because each state only incurs a fraction of the total cost of its own emissions, as GHGs act on a global rather than regional scale, the emission of GHGs has created a tragedy of the commons: each state has an incentive to overuse, even though the optimal solution is for each and every state to limit its emissions.
 

Poor Regulations

Possible Solutions


Appeal to your elected representatives to protect the environment and not the polluters. The U.S. helped to create the Kyoto Protocol, but America never signed on to it. As a world leader, WE should be setting examples for the rest of the world to follow. We should discourage business from nations with poor environmental records, but we'd better straighten out first. Keep our protection agencies funded, something that Congress likes not to do. Resources

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Sea-Level Rise

Greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere will continue to increase unless the billions of tons of our annual emissions decrease substantially.
Increased concentrations are expected to:
• Increase Earth's average temperature
• Influence the patterns and amounts of precipitation
• Reduce ice and snow cover, as well as permafrost
• Raise sea level
• Increase the acidity of the oceans

Global Warming Denial Mythology


1. Carbon dioxide "literally cannot cause global warming." People have tried to deny climate science in a lot of ways, but it's hard to beat a complete rejection of well-established atmospheric physics. Joe Bastardi, a meteorologist appearing on Fox News, argued that CO2 "literally" cannot cause warming because it doesn't "mix well in the atmosphere" (it does). He's also claimed that warming would violate the First Law of Thermodynamics, which states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed. (In fact, global warming has nothing to do with newly created energy, but with the atmosphere trapping energy that's already around.)

2. "Snow skiing will be hurt – but water skiing will benefit."
In 1990, as the world was beginning to grapple with the devastating predictions of climate models, a Yale economist set out to determine how much was a reasonable amount to spend on combating the problem. Not that much, he concluded, since "Humans thrive in a wide variety of climate zones. Cities are increasingly climate-proofed by technological changes like air-conditioning and shopping malls." Further, he argued, the hardest-hit sectors – like, say, agriculture – are relatively small parts of the economy anyway. And economic growth in other sectors could compensate: "Snow skiing will be hurt – but water skiing will benefit." How reassuring!

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The Fossil Fuel Resistance:
Meet the New Green Heroes


RS contributor Bill McKibben lambasted this analysis in his 2007 book, Deep Economy. "It's nice to have microelectronics; it's necessary to have lunch," wrote McKibben. "If global warming 'only' damages agriculture, the rest may not matter much."

3. "We must demand that more coal be burned to save the Earth from global cooling." The "global cooling" myth is another favorite of climate deniers, despite broad scientific consensus that the planet is in fact warming. But it's got to be an especially appealing fiction when you're the CEO of a coal company – this statement is from a tweet by Don Blankenship, then the head of Massey Energy.

4. Climate change is impossible because "God's still up there." In 2012, U.S. Sen. James Inhofe (R-Oklahoma) contended that acceptance of climate science was at odds with Christianity – never mind that many Christian leaders and institutions take climate change very seriously. "My point is, God's still up there," he told Voice of Christian Youth America. "The arrogance of people to think that we, human beings, would be able to change what He is doing in the climate is to me outrageous." A close runner-up in this category: In 2009, Rep. John Shimkus (R-Illinois) cited God's post-flood promise to Noah as evidence we shouldn't be worried. "The Earth will end only when God declares it's time to be over," he declared. "Man will not destroy this Earth." Well, that must be nice to know.

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5. God buried fossil fuels "because he loves to see us find them." Bryan Fischer, a director at the American Family Association, compared efforts to burn less fossil fuels to telling a friend that you don't like their birthday present. "That's kind of how we're treating God when he's given us these gifts of abundant and inexpensive and effective fuel sources," he observed. "God has buried those treasures there because he loves to see us find them." And everyone knows it's bad manners to turn down a divine treasure hunt.

6. "The President was wearing a trench coat it was so cold, but he's talking about global warming." This gem, from U.S. Rep. Steve Scalise (R-Louisiana) in reference to President Obama's 2013 inauguration speech, is part of a long, confused tradition: The conviction that anecdotally observed cold weather of any kind debunks the science of climate change. See also the igloo that James Inhofe's family built on the National Mall (they called it "Al Gore's new home") or the ad from the Virginia Republican Party, aired before the same snowstorm, advising voters to call legislators who supported climate actions and "tell them how much global warming you get this weekend. Maybe they'll come help you shovel." With probably thousands of articles out there now explaining the simple fact that weather is not the same thing as climate, this joke gets dumber every time it's made.

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7. "I thought it must be true until I found out what it cost." Yes, Sen. Inhofe gets two entries. Speaking to Rachel Maddow in 2012, he admitted that his rejection of climate science began with realizing how expensive mitigation would be. Not only is it flatly nonsensical to deny that a problem exists because you don't like its cure, delaying climate action is actually the more expensive course. The International Energy Agency has estimated that for every year the world delays taking significant action to curb climate change, we'll end up paying an additional $500 billion later on.

8. Safeguarding the climate is "a worldview that elevates the Earth above man." Rick Santorum was a front-runner for the GOP presidential nomination when he called climate science a "phony theology" – "a worldview that elevates the Earth above man and says that we can't take those resources because we're going to harm the Earth." (Santorum has also said, "We were put on this Earth as creatures of God to have dominion over the Earth, to use it wisely and steward it wisely, but for our benefit not for the Earth's benefit.") This people-vs.-planet idea is another common refrain from climate skeptics. They rarely seem to have considered the fairly obvious point that functioning human society depends on a healthy planet.

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9. "100 years is a long time . . . There is an extremely high chance that the very nature of human society itself will have changed by that time in ways that render this entire issue moot." This novel bit of reasoning is from an essay called "In Praise of Dirty Energy: There Are Worse Things Than Pollution and We Have Them," by economist and blogger Karl W. Smith, now a writer for Forbes. Smith accepts the science of climate change – but argues that we should burn more fossil fuels anyway, in order to spur economic growth. As the climate changes, he believes that people will simply build new cities or move north to Siberia, and build a society so technologically advanced it's somehow progressed beyond the need for a stable climate. Piece of cake!
10. "I have a theory about global warming and why people think it's real. Go back 30, 40 years when there was much less air conditioning in the country. When you didn't have air conditioning and you left the house, it may in fact have gotten a little cooler out there, because sometimes houses become hot boxes. Especially if you're on the second or third floor of a house in the summer time and all you've got is open windows and maybe a window fan. Or you have some servant standing there fanning you with a piece of paper. When you walked outside, no big deal, it's still hot as hell. Now, 30, 40 years later, all this air conditioning, and it's a huge difference when you go outside. When you go outside now, my golly, is it hot. Oh. Global warming. It's all about the baseline you're using for comparison."

Oh, OK: All those scientists who have confirmed a pattern of long-term climate change were just getting confused by their air conditioning. Right. Thanks, Rush Limbaugh, for the low-hanging fruit.
New Math: Commentary by Bill McKibben

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