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Updated: July 17, 2019

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How Much Hotter
Is Your Town?
How Much Hotter Is Your
Hometown Than When You Were Born?

Aug. 31, 2018 -As the world warms because of human-induced climate change, most of us can expect to see more days when temperatures hit 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) or higher. See how your hometown has changed so far and how much hotter it may get.

Click now to get your statistics
from The NY Times Climate Forward.

The Causes & Consequences?
The Approaches
Professor Triggle's Climate
Change Power Point(Click Here)
Easy to Understand Climate Change
Summation and What it Could Bring

Show it With Colors
Using Art to Reveal Climate Change

These Watercolor Paintings Actually Include Climate Change Data. Jill Pelto, an artist and scientist, incorporates graphs of rising sea levels and soaring temperatures in her artwork

Visit the Climate Museum
in New York City
A New Museum For the Path Ahead

Climate change is the defining challenge of our time. Only together can we rise to meet it.

The Climate Museum is catalyzing a cultural transformation around climate, inviting people from all walks of life into the conversation and building community around solutions. Transcending traditional disciplinary and societal boundaries, the Museum brings people together to learn about the problem, grieve what has been lost, actively engage with solutions, and join the fight for a brighter future.

To borrow the words of a Hurricane Irma survivor as she reflected on the Climate Museum’s first exhibition: “Never has this made more sense than now.”

Location: The Climate Museum
800 Third Ave, 18th Floor
New York, NY 10022

Climate Change (CC)/Global Warming News Stories

(For the past 90 days)

  • Time to Treat Climate Change With a Little Respect
    Treat Climate Change Like the Crisis It Is, Says Journalism Professor

    July 5, 2019 CBC Radio - There have been growing calls from climate scientists and environmental activists for the media to cover the climate crisis with the severity and urgency they say it demands.

    Some news organizations have begun to make changes. The British newspaper The Guardian recently updated its policies to replace the term "climate change" with "climate emergency, crisis or breakdown." It also now favors "global heating" over "global warming.”

    In announcing the change, The Guardian's editor-in-chief Katharine Viner said that at a time when scientists are talking about a catastrophe for humanity, there is no place for passive terminology.

    Interested? Click now to listen
    to or read the story.

  • Plant Those Trees! Plant Those Trees!
    Planting a Trillion Trees Could
    Be The "Most Effective Solution”
    To Climate Change, Study Says

    July 5, 2019 CBS News - If a tree falls in a forest, will replanting it help curb global warming? Scientists say planting a trillion trees globally could be the single most effective way to fight climate change.

    According to a new study in the journal Science, planting billions of trees around the world would be the cheapest and most effective way to tackle the climate crisis. Since trees absorb carbon dioxide, which contributes to global warming, a worldwide planting initiative could remove a substantial portion of heat-trapping emissions from the atmosphere.

    The researchers say a program at this scale could remove about two-thirds of the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions caused by human activities since the start of the industrial revolution, or nearly 25% of the CO2 in the atmosphere.

    Click now to be barking up the right tree.

  • In Alaska, Chill, Baby Chill, No Longer In Effect
    Anchorage Had Never Reached
    90 Degrees. That Changed This Week.

    July 4, 2019 NY Times Climate Forward -In more than 100 years of Anchorage history, weather stations have never recorded a single 90-degree reading. If current forecasts hold, it could happen multiple times in the coming days.With the combined forces of climate change that has disrupted temperature trends around the state, a remarkable dearth of ice in the Bering Sea and weather patterns generating a general heat wave, Alaska is facing a Fourth of July unlike any before. Anchorage has canceled its fireworks display because of wildfire concerns, city officials are worrying about air quality and forecasters expect temperatures to rival those in Miami.

    Interested? Click for the whole story.

  • It Was Europe’s Hottest June Ever Reported
    Heat Wave Nudged the
    Planet to Its Hottest
    June, European Forecasters Say

    July 3, 2019 NY Times Climate Forward -The heat wave that smothered much of Europe at the end of June helped raise average global temperatures to a record for the month, a European weather forecasting agency has said.

    The European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts said Tuesday that global temperatures for June were about 0.2 degrees Fahrenheit, or 0.1 degree Celsius, higher than the previous record for the month, set in 2016. Europe itself was even warmer, about 2 degrees Fahrenheit higher than the 2016 record.

    Interested? Click now to learn more.

  • Rising Waters And Illicit Logging Are Killing The Trees in the Sundarbans
    This Vanishing Forest
    Protects The Coasts — and
    Lives—of Two Countries

    July 1, 2019 National Geographic -IT WAS WHEN the body of a long-dead friend surfaced near her front door that Bulu Haldar knew her house was as good as gone.

    For weeks, the embankment shielding East Dhangmari, in the Khulna district of southwestern Bangladesh, had been threatening to sink into the Pusur River. First, a ferocious storm had ripped into the outer layer of concrete. Then, at the end of 2017, the river had begun eating into the porous earthen wall itself. Locals rushed in sandbags, but that bought only a few days’ respite. When the river finally surged into the cemetery across from Haldar’s garden, disinterring skeletons and contaminating the village’s drinking pools, it filled her one-room hut waist-deep in muddy brown water.

    Interested? Click now for
    whole the story (with pictures).

  • Fossil Fuels and Meeting Climate Goal Challenges
    We Have Too Many Fossil-Fuel
    Power Plants to Meet Climate Goals

    July 1, 2019 National Geographic -The fossil-fuel burning power plants, factories, vehicles, and buildings we've already built will, if operated normally over their full lifetimes, almost certainly warm the Earth more than the Paris Agreement climate target of 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit), a new study concludes.

    The implications are striking: To limit warming to 1.5°C., not only should no new fossil-fuel-using infrastructure be built, ever again, some existing power plants need to shut down early—and yet today many new power plants are under construction or planned.

    Click now for the story.

  • Europe Must Gear Up For Climate Crises
    A Heat Wave Tests Europe’s
    Defenses. Expect More.

    July 1, 2019 NY Times Climate Forward - Across Europe in June, from the Czech Republic to Switzerland to Spain, new heat records tested the Continent’s defenses. Schools were shuttered. Villages were evacuated. Soldiers battled wildfires. And social workers raced to the homes of older people to prevent mass deaths.

    It wasn’t only monthly records that shattered. On Friday, a town in the south of France felt like Death Valley, Calif., in August: According to the French national weather agency, Gallargues-le-Montueux was 45.9 degrees Celsius, or 115 degrees, the hottest temperature ever recorded in the country.

    Click now for the whole story.

  • Europeans Like It Hot, But Not This Hot
    Europe Sizzles In Scorching Temperatures As Heat
    Wave Spreads Across Continent

    June 29, 2019   CNN - Europe's scorching heat wave expanded across the continent on Saturday, with people from Britain to the Balkans sweltering under abnormally high temperatures after a record-breaking week.

    France is expecting temperatures of 39 degrees Celsius (103 degrees Fahrenheit) in parts on Saturday, a day after it shattered its record mark multiple times in one day.

    Spain, which is dealing with the aftermath of a wildfire that tore through 10,000 acres of forest in the country's north-east on Friday, is bracing for temperatures of up to 42 degrees, according to its national meteorological body AEMET. The country is still affected by a "mass of tropical wind coming from Africa'a mass of tropical wind coming from Africa," the agency said.

    Click now to learn more.

  • Climate Emergency Declared by New York City Council
    NYC Declares Climate Emergency,
    First U.S. City With More
    Than a Million Residents to Do So

    June 27, 2019 CNN News - New York City officials declared a climate emergency in an effort to mobilize local and national responses to stall global warming.

    It's the largest city in the US, with over 8.62 million inhabitants.

    The New York City Council passed the legislation Wednesday, calling for an immediate response to the global climate crises. The bill referenced several reports on the state of global warming and its impact, imparting that extreme weather events brought about by rising temperatures demonstrates that the planet is "too hot to be a safe environment."

    Click now for the story.

  • Climate Change Could Impoverish Millions By 2030
    Climate Change Could Push
    120 Million Into Poverty

    June 27, 2019   inhabitat - New studies by the United Nations and Stanford University show that the extreme weather and hotter temperatures associated with climate change are — not surprisingly — making the poor poorer and the rich richer. According to the U.N., this “climate apartheid” will result in 120 million more people living in poverty by 2030.

    The ability to survive extreme weather is a major determining factor, with the wealthiest people frequently able to relocate, protect their assets and build back. On the other hand, the poorest people are displaced, with their homes and economic resources destroyed. Rural communities and women are particularly vulnerable, given their direct dependence on natural resources for their livelihoods and the risk of droughts, floods and storms to decimate these resources.

    Click now for the scary story.

  • Where Are the Protections From Sea-Ice Collapse?
    The Gateway Protecting the Arctic's
    Oldest Sea Ice Has Collapsed
    Months Ahead of Schedule

    June 26, 2019 Gizmodo -Every summer as the Arctic warms up, seasonal highways open on the ocean, allowing sea ice to migrate southward and melt. Now, satellite data is revealing that the gateway to one critical highway—the Nares Strait dividing northwest Greenland and Canada’s Ellesmere Island—has broken up months ahead of schedule. And that could spell even more trouble for the Arctic’s oldest and most critically-endangered sea ice.

    Normally, Baffin Bay just south of the Nares Strait remains closed off to marauding sea ice from the north until June, July or even August, thanks to the presence of an ice jam that forms at the strait’s northern mouth between November and January, taking on a spectacular, arch-like shape. This year, however, the Nares Strait arch began to disintegrate in March.

    Concerned? Click now to read more.

  • Macrom Speaks Out at the G20, Rebuking Trump
    Macron Calls Climate
    Change a ‘Red Line’ Issue
    at G20, Rebuking Trump

    June 26, 2019 NY Times Climate Forward - PARIS — Taking up the cudgel on climate change in the face of American opposition, President Emmanuel Macron of France threatened Wednesday not to sign any joint statement from the Group of 20 summit in Japan this week unless it deals with the issue, which he called a “red line.”

    In a rebuke of American officials, Mr. Macron emphasized the importance of reiterating support for the Paris climate agreement of 2015, from which President Trump has vowed to withdraw the United States.

    Click now to read all about it.

  • Could Deforestation and CC Split the Amazon in Two?
    Deforestation & Climate Change
    Could split the Amazon in Two

    June 25, 2019 Earther Gizmodo - A new study out Monday shows that climate change plus deforestation equals disaster for the Amazon: The average number of tree species present in a given patch of rainforest could decline by up to 58 percent by 2050. What’s more, all the human-induced destruction may wind up effectively dividing the Amazon into two separate forests, one of which would be “severely fragmented.”

    Published in Nature Climate Change, the study reminds us how fragile the world’s largest rainforest is. Since 1970, it’s lost nearly 20 percent of its tree cover, according to Mongabay. Just last month, the Brazilian Amazon saw a spike in deforestation rates. And while deforestation alone is obviously destructive, climate change is making matters worse by warming and drying the rainforest, making parts of it unsuitable for the species that call it home.

    Click now to get while it’s hot.

  • Heat/Record-Breaking Electricity Use in Kissimmee, FL
    Heat Wave Prompts Record-Breaking
    Electricity Use in Kissimmee

    June 24, 2019 Energy Central - For the second time in a month, Kissimmee residents have set a new all-time record for electricity use.

    Kissimmee Utility Authority recorded an instantaneous system peak of 388.8 megawatts (MW) at 4:37 p.m. Monday, eclipsing the previous record of 380.8 MW set on May 28.

    Monday’s above-normal temperatures combined with high humidity created a heat index of 103 degrees (as reported by Kissimmee Gateway Airport), forcing air conditioners to work overtime.

    Click now to get all heated up.

  • Climate Change Thwaites for No One
    Antarctica’s Thwaites Glacier Drives
    Home Threat of Climate Change

    June 24, 2019 PRI -At the shoreline of a small, rocky island just off the coast of West Antarctica, Joee Patterson stood in a 25-foot, inflatable Zodiac boat. She was lowering the engine, preparing to ferry a group from a scientific expedition to their next stop when a large, male elephant seal sidled up alongside her boat.

    Patterson was one of four marine technicians on the Nathaniel B. Palmer research vessel during an expedition to Thwaites Glacier this past winter. The glacier is melting fast, and scientists fear that if it were to collapse entirely, that would trigger up to 11 feet of sea level rise. This year’s expedition marked the beginning of a five-year, international research collaboration aimed at figuring out just how fast that might happen.

    Click now to learn more about this melting glacier’s impact.

  • Which U.S. Cities Should Be Saved From Rising Seas?
    With More Storms and
    Rising Seas, Which U.S. Cities
    Should Be Saved First?

    June 19, 2019 NY Times Climate Forward - As disaster costs keep rising nationwide, a troubling new debate has become urgent: If there’s not enough money to protect every coastal community from the effects of human-caused global warming, how should we decide which ones to save first?

    After three years of brutal flooding and hurricanes in the United States, there is growing consensus among policymakers and scientists that coastal areas will require significant spending to ride out future storms and rising sea levels — not in decades, but now and in the very near future. There is also a growing realization that some communities, even sizable ones, will be left behind.

    Interested? Click now to read all about it.

  • Himalayan Glaciers Melting Before Satellite Eyes
    Spy Satellite Images Show
    Himalayan Glaciers Are Melting Fast

    June 19, 2019 Science News -An analysis of 650 of the largest glaciers in the mountain range revealed that the total ice mass in 2000 was 87 percent of the 1975 mass. By 2016, the total ice mass had shrunk to only 72 percent of the 1975 total. The data show that the glaciers are receding twice as fast now as they were at the end of the 20th century, report Joshua Maurer, a glaciologist at Columbia University, and colleagues June 19 in Science Advances.

    The primary cause for that acceleration, the researchers found, was warming: Temperatures in the region have increased by an average 1 degree Celsius from 2000 to 2016.

    Interested? Click now to learn the painful truth.

  • Chennai, India Is Running Out of Water
    India's Sixth Largest City
    Is Running Out of Water

    June 19, 2019 World Economic Forum -One of India's largest cities is running out of water, forcing residents to wait in long lines to receive water from government tanks and leading some businesses to shut down operations.

    The southern city was voted by Lonely Planet as one of the top 10 cities in the world to visit in 2015, and was rated the safest city in India in 2016. According to the country's tourism ministry, Tamil Nadu attracted 4.72 million foreign tourists in 2016, higher than any other Indian state.

    Interested? Click now to learn what’s changed.

  • Greenland Heating Up - It Will Be Easy Being Green
    Soaring Temperatures Speed
    Up Spring Thaw on
    Greenland’s Ice Sheet

    June 17, 2019 NY Times Climate Forward -The Arctic spring thaw has begun with a bang, with extensive melting of the Greenland ice sheet and sea ice loss that is already several weeks ahead of normal, scientists said.

    A stagnant zone of high-pressure air over Greenland last week brought warm air from the south, raising temperatures as much as 40 degrees Fahrenheit above normal. That, coupled with cloudless conditions, led to a pulse of melting across much of the ice sheet surface.

    Melting last Wednesday was the most extensive, at 275,000 square miles, or about 45 percent of the surface, said Marco Tedesco, a geophysicist at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, which is part of Columbia University.

    Click to read all about it.

  • Poorest Workers Suffer the Most In India’s Heat Wave
    India Heatwave Deaths Rise To 36,
    Poorest Workers Worst Hit

    June 12, 2019 Reuters -MUMBAI/CHENNAI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A heatwave gripping India has killed 36 people with the poorest workers bearing the brunt, national disaster management officials said on Wednesday, warning that the record temperatures were impacting more states than in previous years.

    India’s capital Delhi recorded its highest-ever temperature of 48 degrees Celsius (118 Fahrenheit) on Tuesday, while Churu in the northwestern state of Rajasthan, temperatures reached as high as 51C.

    “This is the worst heatwave ever. In 2015, the heatwave was recorded in nine states, this year the forecast is 23,” said Anup Kumar Srivastava, drought and heatwave expert at the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).

    Interested? Click to get your< temperature up.

  • Trump Official Warns About CC and Next Financial Crisis
    Trump Official Goes Rogue,
    Says Climate Change May
    Cause Next Financial Crisis

    June 12, 2019 Vanity Fair - The HIVE -Since taking the oath of office in 2017, Donald Trump has made it clear that he cares about the environment about as much as freedom of the press and sounding lucid on Twitter. In the past 29 months, he’s ditched the Paris climate agreement; gutted regulations designed to prevent another Deepwater Horizon spill; unveiled a proposal to freeze rules on planet-warming pollution from cars and trucks; and put in motion a plan to bury evidence that his replacement for Barack Obama’s Clean Power Plan could kill 1,400 Americans a year.

    Trump has muzzled science that contradicts its official stance that climate change is nothing to worry about—or is even a thing that exists—and, to that end, hired a guy who has said carbon dioxide is being demonized “just like the demonization of the poor Jews under Hitler,” whose primary job is to discredit the conclusions of last year’s National Climate Assessment

    Interested? Click now to learn more if you can stand it.

  • Climate Change Issues - Just Keep Talking
    How Social Learning Can Speed Up
    or Slow Down Climate Action

    June 11, 2019 Anthropocene Magazine -Computerized climate models that project how greenhouse gas emissions will lead to climate warming are pretty blunt instruments when it comes to human behavior. They tend to assume a static emissions “pathway,” but in reality, the behavior underlying emissions is dynamic. What we do also shifts over time, and is itself influenced by a warming climate.

    A new study by researchers from the Universities of Waterloo and Guelph in Canada wrestles these complexities into a software package. Unlike a few past attempts in this area, theirs is the first to incorporate social learning – the process by which contact with other people shapes our beliefs and behaviors.

    Interested? Click now to learn more.

  • Global Heating: How Many Could It Kill?
    How Many People Could Die From
    Global Heating In Your City

    inhabitat, June 6, 2019  - A new study reveals the severity of global heating by calculating how many heat-related deaths would occur in major U.S. cities if the world continues to heat at the current rate. New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia and Miami are predicted to see the highest number of deaths every year, but with each half degree cooler that the world remains, hundreds of lives can be saved.

    The study estimates that if the world continues on the current path to heat up to 3 degrees Celsius above the average pre-industrial global temperature, 5,800 people would die annually from heat-related deaths in New York City, 2,500 in Los Angeles and 2,300 in Miami. The analysis included 15 cities, and the numbers may be conservative, because the researchers did not adjust for additional temperature increases from urban heat island effect. The calculations also did not adjust for population growth nor potential adaptation measures.

    Interested? Click now to read on.

  • Habitat Los in the Carolinas Forces Fishing Northward
    Fishing in Warming Seas,
    North Carolinians Trek North
    to Reel in Their Catch

    June 3, 2019 National Resources Defense Council(NRDC)c -When Jimmy Ruhle began fishing for summer flounder 54 years ago, he would cast his nets into the sea off Morehead City, North Carolina. But over the decades, Ruhle’s boat, Darana R, has had to travel farther and farther north in pursuit of its quarry. These days his crew often finds itself fishing off the coast of Long Island, New York.

    “The fish were available in higher densities farther north,” says Ruhle, a third-generation commercial fisher and the president of the Commercial Fishermen of America, a program of the Institute for Fisheries Resources.

    Click now for the story.

  • Soy and Corn Drowning By Midwest Flooding
    Midwest Flooding Is Drowning
    Corn And Soy Crops.br>Is Climate Change To Blame?

    June 3, 2019 National Geographic -Seen from above, the Midwestern U.S. looks more like a marsh than the fertile fields that grow some of the nation’s most lucrative crops. That’s because this spring has been one of the rainiest on record for the region. As a result, many farmers have been forced to leave their fields empty.

    And though it’s difficult to link one single weather event to climate change, climate scientists say the devastating rains falling over the Midwest are exactly in line with what they’ve been predicting.

    Interested? Click now to read the article.

  • Your Vacation’s Environmental Footprint
    If Seeing the World Helps Ruin It,
    Shouldn't We Be Staying Home?

    NY Times Climate Forward, June 3, 2019  - The glaciers are melting, the coral reefs are dying, Miami Beach is slowly going under.

    Quick, says a voice in your head, go see them before they disappear! You are evil, says another voice. For you are hastening their destruction.

    To a lot of people who like to travel, these are morally bewildering times. Something that seemed like pure escape and adventure has become double-edged, harmful, the epitome of selfish consumption. Going someplace far away, we now know, is the biggest single action a private citizen can take to worsen climate change. One seat on a flight from New York to Los Angeles effectively adds months worth of human-generated carbon emissions to the atmosphere.

    And yet we fly more and more.

    Interested? Click now to read on.

  • Antarctica Waters May Emit More CO2 Than Imagined
    The Southern Ocean May Be Less of
    a Carbon Sink Than We Thought

    Science News, June 2, 2019  - The vast stretch of icy water that separates Antarctica from other continents is a dark mystery to most people. Polar explorer Ernest Shackleton, one of the few who have been to the Southern Ocean, regarded its storm-wracked seas with fear and awe.

    After ice floes trapped and crushed the three-masted Endurance in 1915, Shackleton made an epic rescue attempt, sailing 1,300 kilometers to bring help to his stranded crew. He crossed the Southern Ocean’s waters in a small open boat, threatened by what he called “uprearing masses of water, flung to and fro by Nature in the pride of her strength.”

    Interested? Click now to read on.

  • Ohioans Lose Power From Storms & Tornadoes
    Storms, Tornadoes Cut Off Power
    to Tens Of Thousands In Ohio

    Electric Light & Power, May 29, 2019  - Tens of thousands of Ohio residents were still without power or water Wednesday in the aftermath of strong tornadoes that spun through the Midwest.

    Hospitals in the state reported that nearly 140 people were injured in the storms late Monday night, although only one person was killed as the destructive storms sent people cowering in basements, closets and bathrooms.

    At least 60,000 people lacked water service in the Dayton area, where ice and water distribution centers were set up. A utility said power had been returned to some 35,000 customers Wednesday, but tens of thousands still were awaiting restoration.

    Interested? Click now for more.

  • Canadian Journalists: Climate Change IS an Emergency
    Dear Journalists of Canada:
    Start Reporting Climate
    Change as an Emergency

    May 28, 2019 The TYEE - On May 6, the United Nations released a scientific report warning that around a million species are threatened with extinction due to human activity, including climate change. But, according to an analysis by Media Matters for America, on the day of that release, the nightly newscasts of ABC and NBC felt it was more important that their audiences learned about the birth of the newest royal baby — someone who will likely never have any say over their day-to-day lives. And I’ve found most of Canada’s 15 most-read English language daily broadsheets felt the same way.

    Between May 6 and 7, 13 of those newspapers failed to front stories about the United Nations’ devastating finding. Instead, the National Post ran a story about the Duke and Duchess of Sussex’s son, with 10 others teasing that birth on their front pages. Eight of the teasers were placed above-the-fold, next to a photograph, or both — drawing reader attention to pictures of Harry, Meghan and their beaming well-wishers.

    Agree? Click before you’re royally screwed.

  • Urban Parks Could Be One Answer to CC Worsening
    As the Climate Crisis Worsens,
    Cities Turn to Parks

    National Geographic, May 21, 2019  - City parks have long been a place for urban residents surrounded by the gray of asphalt and concrete to get a small dose of green. As cities increasingly feel the impacts of rising seas and temperatures, city planners are rethinking the roles of urban parks.

    “There’s been a quiet and profound move to use parks to help cities adapt to the realities of climate change,” says Diane Regas, CEO of The Trust for Public Land, an organization that works to create neighborhood and national parks.

    Interested? Click now for the story.

  • Climate Change Acceleration - Blame the Earthworms
    ‘Earthworm Dilemma’ Has Climate
    Scientists Racing to Keep Up

    NY Times Climate Forward, May 20, 2019  - Cindy Shaw, a carbon-research scientist with the Canadian Forest Service, studies the boreal forest — the world’s most northerly forest, which circles the top of the globe like a ring of hair around a balding head.

    A few years ago, while conducting a study in northern Alberta to see how the forest floor was recovering after oil and gas activity, she saw something she had never seen there before: earthworms.

    Interested? Click now for more information.

  • A New Kind of Climate Strike: No New Babies
    A New 'Climate Strike':
    Opting For No Children
    As Climate Fears Grow

    MSN News, May 19, 2019  - LONDON, May 12 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - German schoolteacher Verena Brunschweiger decided shortly after her marriage not to have children - not because she did not want them but because she felt she could not justify the climate damage caused by adding to the planet's population.

    She is part of a growing movement of women and young people who have vowed not to have a families out of concern about a looming climate change crisis.

    Click now for the story.

  • The Panama Canal May Be Lost to History
    What Panama’s Worst Drought
    Means for Its Canal’s Future

    NY Times Climate Forward, May 17, 2019  - A severe drought in Panama has resulted in lower water levels in the Panama Canal, forcing some shippers to limit the amount of cargo their largest ships carry so they can safely navigate the waterway.

    “The last five months have been the driest dry season in the history of the canal,” said Carlos Vargas, the Panama Canal Authority’s executive vice president for environment, water and energy.

    Interested? Click now for more.

  • The Ghost Forests Of North Carolina
    Embracing The Salt and
    Adapting to Sea Level Rise

    Science Friday, May 17, 2019  -As the frequency of tropical storms and droughts increase and sea levels rise with climate change, forested wetlands along the Atlantic coast are slowly filling with dead and dying trees. The accelerating spread of these “ghost forests” over the past decade has ecologists alarmed and eager to understand how they are formed and what effect they will have regionally and globally.

    One interdisciplinary group of researchers from North Carolina State University and Duke University are examining the causes and effects of repeated saltwater exposure to the coastal wetlands of North Carolina. Using soil and sediment sampling, remote hydrological monitoring, vegetation plotting, as well as spatial maps, the research team is determining the tipping point for when a struggling forest will become a ghost forest. According to ecologist Emily Bernhardt, their preliminary findings suggest that climate change is not the only culprit in the region.

    Interested? Click to read or listen.

  • Big Question: How Fast Will the Glaciers Thaw?
    The Big Thaw

    National Geographic, May 14, 2019  -"If we don't have it, we don't need it," pronounces Daniel Fagre as we throw on our backpacks. We're armed with crampons, ice axes, rope, GPS receivers, and bear spray to ward off grizzlies, and we're trudging toward Sperry Glacier in Glacier National Park, Montana. I fall in step with Fagre and two other research scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey Global Change Research Program. They're doing what they've been doing for more than a decade: measuring how the park's storied glaciers are melting.

    Interested? Click now for whole story and some startling images.

  • Arctic Ocean Hits 84° F - And CO2 Hits New Record
    Arctic Ocean Hits 84 degrees F
    With CO2 Human History’s Highest

    Washington Post, May 14, 2019  -Over the weekend, the climate system sounded simultaneous alarms. Near the entrance to the Arctic Ocean in northwest Russia, the temperature surged to 84 degrees Fahrenheit (29 Celsius). Meanwhile, the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere eclipsed 415 parts per million for the first time in human history.

    By themselves, these are just data points. But taken together with so many indicators of an altered atmosphere and rising temperatures, they blend into the unmistakable portrait of human-induced climate change.

    Interested? Click now for whole story and a graph.

  • Climate Change Could Influence Australia’s Politics
    Australia’s Politics May Be
    Changing With Its Climate

    NY Times Climate Forward, May 7, 2019  -HARDEN, Australia — It’s been a year of extremes for this country. The hottest summer ever. Torrential rains in the north. A crippling drought in its southeastern farm belt.

    Now, with national elections scheduled for May 18, a vital question looms: To what degree will climate change sway the way Australians vote? The answer could provide important lessons for other democracies in the age of climate change.

    Interested? Click now for whole story.

  • Some ‘Bear’ Facts About Climate Change
    These Days, It’s
    Not About the Polar Bears

    NY Times Climate Forward, May 12, 2019  -Climate science has struggled mightily with a messaging problem.

    The well-worn tactic of hitting people over the head with scary climate change facts has proved inadequate at changing behavior or policies in ways big enough to alter the course of global warming.

    While Europe has made some headway, the largest obstacles to change remain in the United States, which has historically been responsible for more emissions than any other country. And perhaps most important, climate change denial has secured a perch in the Trump administration and across the Republican Party.

    Interested? Read all about it.

  • Diet For Leopard Seals Ain’t What It Used to Be
    A Top Antarctic Predator
    Has Switched What It Eats

    National Geographic, May 2, 2019  -Before 1996 around Livingston Island's Cape Shirreff, across the windy Bransfield Strait from the western Antarctic Peninsula, never more than two leopard seals were seen at a time. As far back as the 1800s, commercial fur sealers who'd slaughtered marine mammals for their pelts kept painstaking records of the animals they saw. Leopard seals, with their powerful jaws, upturned mouths and menacing teeth, weren't among them.

    In recent years, though, a half-dozen hungry leopard seals may bob and weave offshore at once. They often plop onto the cape and nap. As many as 60 or 80 may swing by in a season. Once, researchers saw 30 hauled out at the same time.

    Interested? Click now for whole story and a video.

  • Letting Jakarta Sink - What a Capital Idea
    Jakarta Is Sinking. Now Indonesia
    Must Find a New Capital

    Wired, May 2, 2019  -This week, amid devastating flooding, Indonesia announced it's planning to move its capital out of Jakarta, which really is nothing new—the country’s first president was talking about it way back in 1957.

    Part of the problem is extreme congestion, but today the city of more than 10 million is facing nothing short of obliteration by rising seas and sinking land, two opposing yet complementary forces of doom. Models predict that by 2050, 95% of North Jakarta could be submerged. And Jakarta is far from alone—cities the world over are drowning and sinking, and there’s very little we can do about it short of stopping climate change entirely.

    Interested? Click now for whole story.

  • How Much Do We Humans Influence Drought?
    In a Warming World, Evidence
    of a Human ‘Fingerprint’ on Drought

    NY Times Climate Forward, May 1, 2019  - Human activity was changing the Earth's drought and rainfall patterns as far back as the early 20th century, new research shows.

    Drying in many regions, the researchers suggested, will get worse, with sobering implications for feeding the planet’s billions of people.

    The new paper tracks long-term patterns of moisture levels in soil across regions of the world, including North America, Central America, Eurasia and the Mediterranean. The researchers found a “fingerprint” of human effects from producing greenhouse gases, as distinct from natural variability, as far back as 1900.

  • How Your Food and Climate Change Are Related
    Questions About Food and
    Climate Change Answered

    NY Times Climate Forward, Apr. 30, 2019  - The world’s food system is responsible for about 1/4 of the planet-warming greenhouse gases that humans generate each year. That includes raising and harvesting all the plants, animals and animal products we eat — beef, chicken, fish, milk, lentils, kale, corn and more — as well as processing, packaging and shipping food to markets all over the world. If you eat food, you’re part of this system.

    Meat and dairy, particularly from cows, have an outsize impact, with livestock accounting for around 14.5% of the world’s greenhouse gases each year. That’s roughly the same amount as the emissions from all the cars, trucks, airplanes and ships combined in the world today.

    Interested? Click now for whole story.

  • What a Warming Arctic Could Cost the World
    A Warming Arctic Could Cost
    the World Trillions Of Dollars

    National Geographic, Apr. 25, 2019  - Scientists Have Long warned that climate change is likely to bring expensive impacts, from rising seas to stronger storms. And a new study comes with a hefty price tag.

    A warming Arctic is shifting from white to dark as sea ice melts and land-covered snow retreats, and that means it can absorb even more of the sun’s heat. Plus, the Arctic’s vast permafrost area is thawing, releasing more heat-trapping carbon and methane. These climate-change-driven feedbacks in the Arctic are accelerating warming even faster and may add nearly $70 trillion to the overall costs of climate change—even if the world meets the Paris Agreement climate targets, a new study says.

    Interested? Click now for whole story.

  • Can the Goals of Paris Climate Agreement Be Met?
    The Challenge of Meeting
    Paris Agreement Climate Goals

    Phys.org. Apr. 23, 2019  -New research highlights the "incredible challenge" of reaching the Paris Agreement without intense action and details the extreme temperatures parts of the planet will suffer if countries fail to reduce emissions.

    The world reached an agreement in December 2015 on curtailing greenhouse gas emissions with the goal of avoiding a 2-degree Celsius increase in average global temperature above pre-industrial levels. Ideally, the treaty's goal is to limit this increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The United States delivered notice to the United Nations in August 2018 of the country's intention to withdraw from the Paris Agreement, joining Syria as one of only two countries in the world not party to the treaty.

  • Young Voters Want More Climate Change Action
    Young Voters Want More
    Climate Change Action

    Vox, Apr 22, 2019  - Young voters care about stopping climate change, even if it means hurting economic growth, according to a new poll from the Harvard University Institute of Politics.

    “Dealing with climate change is now central to both a domestic as well as a foreign policy agenda of young Americans,” said John Della Volpe, director of polling for the Institute of Politics, indicating that the number who prioritize climate change over economic growth has grown from 32% four years ago to 46% now.

    The Harvard-run poll — which surveyed more than 3,000 voters between the ages of 18 and 29 — shows that young voters are more divided, however, on how they think the problem should be addressed. While 45 percent of those surveyed said they think it’s an urgent crisis, less than a third say they back solutions like those proposed by the Green New Deal.

    Interested? Click now for the full story.

  • How Buddhism Can Help Save the Planet
    Can Buddhism Help Save the Planet?

    The Revelator, Apr. 22, 2019  - Does saving the planet from its current ecological crisis fall within the basic tenets and callings of Buddhism? Author David R. Loy argues that it does.

    Loy should know. The noted scholar and Zen teacher co-authored the groundbreaking “Buddhist Declaration on Climate Change” 10 years ago, which has since been signed by the Dalai Lama, Buddhist leader Thich Nhat Hanh and thousands of others. The declaration was revised and presented at the Paris climate treaty in 2015, where it called for people to accept their “individual and collective responsibility to do whatever we can” to meet targets to lower carbon emissions and save the planet from global warming.

  • Teens Scream About the Climate. Are They Correct?
    Why We Should Be
    Wary of 12 Years to
    Climate Breakdown’ Rhetoric

    Simple Climate, Apr.22, 2019,-Myles Allen was invited to speak to a group of teenagers on climate strike in Oxford recently. Like many scientists, I support the strikes, but also find them disturbing. Which I’m sure is the idea.

    Today’s teenagers are absolutely right to be up in arms about climate change, and right that they need powerful images to grab people’s attention. Yet some of the slogans being bandied around are genuinely frightening: a colleague recently told me of her 11-year-old coming home in tears after being told that, because of climate change, human civilization might not survive for her to have children.

  • Pressure on Antarctica’s Larsen C Ice Shelf
    Warm, Dry Winds May Be Straining
    Antarctica’s Larsen C Ice Shelf

    Science News, Apr. 18, 2019  -Turquoise pools of snowmelt on the Antarctic Peninsula, including on the Larsen C ice shelf, have recently been forming months after the continent’s peak summer melt. Bursts of warm, dry wind cascading over mountains that run along the peninsula are largely to blame, researchers report April 11 in Geophysical Research Letters.

    In this March 2016 satellite image, meltwater on part of Larsen C can be seen at the foothills of these mountains, just one case of this type of wind-induced melting.

    Click for the story and a powerful image.

  • Mount Rainier’s Shrinking Glacier and What That Means
    Washington’s Mount Rainier
    Has Shrunk Significantly
    the Last Century.

    NY Times Climate Forward. Apr. 17, 2019  -When it was built in the early 1900s, the road into Mount Rainier National Park from the west passed near the foot of the Nisqually Glacier, one of the mountain’s longest. Visitors could stop for ice cream at a stand built among the glacial boulders and gaze in awe at the ice.

    As surely as they are melting elsewhere around the world, glaciers are disappearing in North America, too.

    This great melting will affect ecosystems and the creatures within them, like the salmon that spawn in meltwater streams. This is on top of the effects on the water that billions of people drink, the crops they grow and the energy they need.

  • Jeremy Corbyn's Home a Target of Protests
    Extinction Rebellion London Activists
    Chained To Jeremy Corbyn's Home

    Apr. 17, 2019 BBC News -Extinction Rebellion protesters have been blocking traffic at Marble Arch, Waterloo Bridge, Parliament Square and Oxford Circus since Monday.

    Earlier, three activists were glued to a Docklands Light Railway (DLR) train at Canary Wharf, causing minor delays.

    Four people also glued themselves together at the Labour leader's home.

  • Climate Change Forces Migration From Central America
    Central American Farmers Head
    to the U.S., Fleeing Climate Change

    NY Times Climate Forward. Apr. 13, 2019  -The farmer stood in his patch of forlorn coffee plants, their leaves sick and wilted, the next harvest in doubt.

    Last year, two of his brothers and a sister, desperate to find a better way to survive, abandoned their small coffee farms in this mountainous part of Honduras and migrated north, eventually sneaking into the United States.

    Then in February, the farmer’s 16-year-old son also headed north, ignoring the family’s pleas to stay.

Back Arrow

Of Possible Climate Change Interest

  • Alaska in the Fourth National Climate Assessment
    Fourth National Climate Assessment -
    Chapter26: Alaska Executive Summary

    -Alaska is the largest state in the Nation, spanning a land area of around 580,000 square miles, almost one-fifth the size of the combined lower 48 United States. Its geographic location makes the United States one of eight Arctic nations. The State has an abundance of natural resources and is highly dependent on oil, mining, fishing, and tourism revenues. Changes in climate can have positive and negative impacts on these resources

    As part of the Arctic, Alaska is on the front lines of climate change and is among the fastest warming regions on Earth. It is warming faster than any other state, and it faces a myriad of issues associated with a changing climate. The retreat of arctic sea ice affects many Alaskans in different ways, such as through changes in fish and wildlife habitat that are important for subsistence, tourism, and recreational activities.15,16 The warming of North Pacific waters can contribute to the northward expansion of marine fish species, ecosystem changes, and potential relocation of fisheries

    Click now for much more information.

  • How Copenhagen Copes With Climate Change?
    Copenhagen Wants to Show How
    Cities Can Fight Climate Change

    NY Times Climate Forward Mar. 25, 2019 - Can a city cancel out its greenhouse gas emissions?

    Copenhagen intends to, and fast. By 2025, this once-grimy industrial city aims to be net carbon neutral, meaning it plans to generate more renewable energy than the dirty energy it consumes.

    Here’s why it matters to the rest of the world: Half of humanity now lives in cities, and the vast share of planet-warming gases come from cities. The big fixes for climate change need to come from cities too. They are both a problem and a potential source of solutions.

    Click now for the whole story.

  • 2019 Climate Change Optimism
    10 Reasons to Feel Hopeful
    About Climate Change in 2019

    Sierra Club, Jan. 10, 2019  -In 2018, hurricanes, floods, fires, and droughts wreaked a level of destruction on the planet that, according to scientists, is just a taste of what is to come. In October, the International Panel on Climate Change issued a report stating that we have about 12 years to avoid catastrophic climate change. Meanwhile, global greenhouse gas emissions reached a record high in 2018. So is it still reasonable to hope that we can wean ourselves off fossil fuels in time to avert global calamity?

    As David Roberts of Vox points out, that’s the wrong question. Climate change is happening now, and lots of change for the worse is already locked into place. But, as Roberts puts it, “we have some choice in how screwed we are.” Climate change isn’t a binary—safe or unsafe, screwed or not screwed—but rather a spectrum. That will remain true no matter how we respond to the task of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, or how severe the weather gets. “Yes, it’s going to get worse,” Roberts writes, “but nobody gets to give up hope or stop fighting.” Exactly right. Here, then, are 10 glimmers of hope that humanity will opt for less screwed over more screwed in 2019.

    Interested? Read about the ten reasons.

  • AT&T Maps Out Climate Change Dangers
    AT&T Uses Supercomputer to Map
    Out How Climate Change
    Will Destroy Its Networks

    Gizmodo, Apr. 15, 2019  - Rising sea levels can submerge the backbone of the internet, increasingly powerful storms can destroy the cell networks phones need to work, and high-intensity winds can tear down the critical infrastructure that makes 21st century America go.

    Anticipating accelerating climate change-fueled disasters in the coming decades, telecommunications giant AT&T recently partnered with Argonne National Labs to build a three-decade model called a “Climate Change Analysis Tool” to help forecast the devastating impact of climate change on the company’s infrastructure and business on a level that details down to the individual neighborhood.

    Interested? Click now for whole story.

  • Our Planet (While We Still Have It)
    Netflix Series: Our Planet

    OurPlanet.com -This is our planet. Explore how the astonishing diversity of life is all connected.

    Discover the story of the one place we all call home - Our Planet, a groundbreaking Netflix original documentary series.

  • What is a Catastrophic Flood-and is CC Responsible
    What Makes a Catastrophic
    Flood? And Is Climate Change
    Causing More of Them?

    NY Times Climate Forward Mar. 22, 2019 - With floods submerging expanses of the Midwest and government scientists warning that this spring could bring a historic flood season in the United States, it’s natural to ask why it is happening. What causes catastrophic flooding? And what is the role of climate change?

    It’s complicated!

    Click now to uncomplicate it.

  • Why the World Can’t Reverse Climate Emissions
    The Two Key Reasons The World
    Can’t Reverse Climate Emissions

    M.I.T. Technology Review

    This comes as no surprise. The analysis from the International Energy Agency is in line with other preliminary reports from other organizations. But it raises an awkward question: if renewables are growing and the prices of solar, wind, and batteries are falling, why is the world’s climate pollution still going up?

  • 2018 Was A Milestone Year For Climate Science
    2018 Was A Milestone Year For
    Climate Science (If Not Politics)

    Oregon Public Broadcasting , Dec. 27, 2018 - 2018 was a hot year — in fact, the fourth warmest on record. The only years that were, on average, warmer were the past three, according to the World Meteorological Organization.

    It has been warming for decades now. But 2018 brought several major new and markedly more precise reports from scientists about what climate change is doing to the weather and how dire they expect the consequences to be.

  • Can We Trust the Weather Man on Climate Issues?
    Local Meteorologists Are
    Making The Climate Connection

    Feb. 5, 2019 Climate Reality Project - Who do you trust?

    In this particularly divisive moment, it’s an important (and more complicated than ever) question. In the US, polling shows we trust the military, small business, police, and our churches but not major corporations or the criminal justice system – and especially not Congress.

    We’re also pretty skeptical of national television news, but maintain much warmer feelings about our local reporters. According to the 2018 Poynter Media Trust Survey, 76% of Americans have “a great deal” or “a fair amount” of trust in their local TV news, a full 21 points more than we have for national broadcast coverage.

  • The Human Element Climate Change Documentary
    The Human Element
    Climate Change Documentary

    Jan. 29, 2019 The Human Element -With rare compassion and heart, THE HUMAN ELEMENT follows environmental photographer James Balog on his quest to highlight Americans on the front lines of climate change, inspiring us to re-evaluate our relationship with the natural world.

    Click for the various ways to see this film.

  • Greenhouse Gasses Defined by Climate Reality
    What Exactly Are
    Greenhouse Gases, Anyway?

    Jan. 3, 2019 Climate Reality Project -We’re getting back to basics to answer one of the most foundational questions a person can have about our warming world: What exactly are greenhouse gases, anyway?

    You know how your good friend Dave can rattle off pre-season stats with the precision of a brain surgeon, always seems to win your fantasy football league, and can’t begin to understand why you’re still rooting for [insert “Your Team” here]? Well, we’re kind of the Dave of climate action. Do read on.

  • Does Climate Change Influence Tornado Effects?
    Tornadoes and Climate Change

    Center for Climate and Energy Solutions - The link between tornadoes and climate change is currently unclear. It’s difficult to identify long-term trends in tornado records, which only date back to 1950 in the United States. Also, the population in many areas affected by tornadoes has grown, so it’s possible that tornadoes in the early part of the 20th century occurred without anyone seeing them. Improved technology, such as advanced radar, also helps us “see” tornadoes that may not have been detected decades ago.

    Another problem lies with the physics associated with tornadoes. Researchers are working to better understand how the building blocks for tornadoes – atmospheric instability and wind shear – will respond to global warming. It is likely that a warmer, moister world would allow for more frequent instability. However, it is also likely that a warmer world would lessen chances for wind shear. Climate change also could shift the timing of tornadoes or the regions that are most likely to be hit, with less of an impact on the total number of tornadoes.

  • How the Caron Fee & Dividend Act Can Work for US.
    Energy Innovation and
    Carbon Dividend Act:
    America's Climate Solution

    Energy Information Act- Carbon Fee: This policy puts a fee on fossil fuels like coal, oil, and gas. It starts low, and grows over time. This will drive down carbon pollution because energy companies, leading industries, and American consumers will move toward cleaner, cheaper options.

    Carbon Dividend: The money collected from the carbon fee is allocated in equal shares every month to the American people to spend as they see fit. Program administrative costs are paid from the fees collected. The government does not keep any of the money from the carbon fee. The article also talks about adjustments.

  • 20 Ways to Reduce Our Carbon Footprint
    The Top 20 Ways to
    Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

    -Here are top twenty ways we can reduce our carbon footprint based on research by Union of Concerned Scientists and the groundbreaking climate solutions book Drawdown. Other top actions are also listed - from supporting climate reducing organizations to organizing community efforts to reduce our collective carbon footprint.

    Click now the 20 ways
    from  Global Stewards.

  • Six Week Video Lessons on Climate Solutions
    Where Earth’s Carbon is Stored

    Nov. 20, 2018 -The course will discuss the following topics:

    1. Carbon
    2. Emissions
    3. Weather
    4. Climate
    5. Productivity
    6. People (the most important)

    Click now to start the lessons
    from Bio Integrity.

  • What About 'No Glacier' National Park?
    Is Glacier National Park
    Due for a Name Change?

    National Parks have grown up with photography. So it’s only fitting that in the last days of ice in Montana’s Glacier National Park, Lisa McKeon is using a camera to show how quickly climate change has killed off the park’s namesakes.

    After all, it’s one thing to note that of the park’s 150 glaciers that existed in the late 1800s, only 25 of them remain today. But it’s another to see what that cold, hard fact looks like on the landscape.

    Click now to read the article from the Alternet.

  • Here’s a Weather Forecast for 2100
    What is The Weather Forecast
    for The Year 2100?

    Feb. 16, 2018 -For anyone paying attention, the impacts of global temperature rise are starting to get a little scary, especially if you live on the coast. Any coast. You have to wonder where is this going and what will the world look in the near future say 2100? A team at Princeton University has some answers.

    Heat waves are among the deadliest and most common of environmental extremes. As the earth continues to warm due to the buildup of greenhouse gases, heat waves are expected to become more severe, particularly for cities, where concrete and a dearth of trees create what’s known as the urban heat island effect.

    Click now to read more(if you can
    stand it?) from  Solar Thermal Magazine.

  • Must-See Climate Change Films
    6 Climate Change
    Movies You Must See

    July 11, 2018 -Six deeply engaging and thought-provoking films shine a light on the realities of the climate crisis today – and imagine what it means for our tomorrow.

    Truly great films about the climate crisis are tough to come by. Allusions to environmental destruction are very familiar in the futuristic dystopias Hollywood churns out like clockwork, but they rarely get the science right – or they abandon it entirely in favor of skipping straight to some post-apocalyptic CGI extravaganza.

    The list includes: Interstellar, Beasts of the Southern Wild, Chasing Coral, Snowpiercer, An Inconvenient Truth and An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power

    Click now for the trailers
    from CleanTechnica.

  • Family Planning & Climate Change
    How Family Planning
    Can Slow Climate Change

    No matter where she lives, reproductive health is her right. Our work expands possibilities for women worldwide by making sure contraceptives stay on shelves, doctors can do their jobs, and women can reach the care they want and need.

    Click now for much more
    from  PAI.org.

  • Bird Future in Our National Parks
    How Climate Change Will
    Affect Birds in America's
    ’Most Treasured Natural Places

    On average, one-quarter of bird species found in a given national park could be completely different by 2050 if carbon emissions continue at their current pace. New research, led by the National Audubon Society and National Park Service and published in the peer-reviewed journal PLOS ONE, underscores the need to safeguard and manage protected lands for birds and wildlife in a changing world.

    Click now for complete story
    from the  Audubon Society.

  • Taking a Leaf Out of Thoreau’s Book
    Climate Data That Transcends Time

    June 7, 2019- The Nineteenth Century writings of environmental philosopher and naturalist Henry David Thoreau are treasured not only by students of literature, but by today’s scientists as well. Boston University Professor of Biology Richard Primack is using Henry David Thoreau’s careful observations of New England in the 1850s to help track how a warming world is now affecting trees and flowers in the region. On a rainy spring day Living on Earth’s Don Lyman met up with Professor Primack for a stroll around Walden Pond in Concord, Massachusetts.

    Click now to read or listen to
    the story from Living on Earth.

  • A Conversation with “Her Deepness”
    An Account by a Senior Citizen Deep Environmentalist

    Mar. 21, 2018 -Sylvia Earle, 82, is an oceanographer who has spent thousands of hours underwater studying corals, algae and wildlife. She was the first person to walk untethered on the ocean floor a quarter of a mile deep and once lived underwater for two weeks in a NASA experiment. She also spent two years as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s chief scientist.

    Click to read more from Climate Forward.
    Scroll down 'till you reach the article.

  • U.S. Climate Change Litigation
    If Climate Change Wrecks Your
    City, Can It Sue Exxon?

    Feb. 20, 2018 -Scientists can now link disasters to climate change, opening the door to lawsuits against fossil fuel companies

    Last summer, Ryan Coonerty, a county supervisor in Santa Cruz, got word that the neighboring county of San Mateo was about to take a bold step in adapting to climate change. Rising seas are already eroding San Mateo’s coast, and the county will need to spend billions of dollars on new sea walls and other infrastructure to protect itself in the years to come. So in July, San Mateo, along with Marin County and the city of Imperial Beach, sued 37 fossil fuel companies, arguing that they should help pay for the damage their products cause.

    Click to learn more from theVerge.com.

  • Download a Climate Change Free eBook
    Learn How to Make
    Climate Change Points

    All you need to know to make your argument with climate change skeptics.

    Every new year seems to arrive on the heels of another unfortunate climate record set. And 2017’s is among the most startling: Climate-related and other natural disasters caused a staggering $306 billion in total damages in the US, making 2017 by far the most expensive year on record for disasters in the country.

    Click now for free the eBook
    from The Climate Reality Project.

  • Oh, the Seas, They Are Arising
    Easter Island Is Critically Vulnerable

    Mar. 15, 2018 -Nicholas Casey, a New York Times correspondent based in Colombia, and Josh Haner, a Times photographer, traveled 2,200 miles off the coast of Chile to see how the ocean is erasing the island’s monuments.

    HANGA ROA, EASTER ISLAND — The human bones lay baking in the sun. It wasn’t the first time Hetereki Huke had stumbled upon an open grave like this one.

    For years, the swelling waves had broken open platform after platform containing ancient remains. Inside the tombs were old obsidian spearheads, pieces of cremated bone and, sometimes, parts of the haunting statues that have made this island famous.

    Click now for whole the story
    from NY Times Interactive.

  • A Louisiana Village Fights for Time
    The Community of Lafitte
    Faces Rising Tides

    Feb. 24, 2018 -JEAN LAFITTE, LA. — From a Cessna flying 4,000 feet above Louisiana’s coast, what strikes you first is how much is already lost. Northward from the Gulf, slivers of barrier island give way to the open water of Barataria Bay as it billows toward an inevitable merger with Little Lake, its name now a lie. Ever-widening bayous course through what were once dense wetlands, and a cross-stitch of oil field canals stamp the marsh like Chinese characters.

    Saltwater intrusion, the result of subsidence, sea-level rise and erosion, has killed off the live oaks and bald cypress. Stands of roseau cane and native grasses have been reduced to brown pulp by feral hogs, orange-fanged nutria and a voracious aphid-like invader from Asia. A relentless succession of hurricanes and tropical storms — three last season alone — has accelerated the decay. In all, more than 2,000 square miles, an expanse larger than the state of Delaware, have disappeared since 1932.

    Click now for this interactive article from the New York Times.

  • Never Too Late to Change Your Mind
    How Six Americans Changed Their
    Minds About Global Warming

    Feb. 21, 2018 - by Livia Aleck-Ripka - The Rev. Richard Cizik used to believe climate change was a myth. The science had to be rigged, he thought; those who believed in it were just tree-huggers. But in 2002, a friend convinced Mr. Cizik to go to a conference about climate change, and there, he said, “the scales came off my eyes.”

    Click now to read about five others who’ve also come to their senses, from NY Times Climate.

  • See Which U.S. Corporations Signed On to the Paris Accords
    The American Businesses
    That Acted on Climate Pledge

    -154 companies have signed the American Business Act on Climate Pledge to demonstrate their support for action on climate change and for the climate change agreement in Paris that takes a strong step forward toward a low-carbon, sustainable future. These 154 companies have operations in all 50 states, employ nearly 11 million people, represent more than $4.2 trillion in annual revenue, and have a combined market capitalization of over $7 trillion.

    Interested? Click for the whole story.

  • Documenting Climate Change by Air, Land and Sea
    Documenting Climate Change
    by Air, Land and Sea

    NY Times Climate Forward, May 14, 2019  - The New York Times photographer Josh Haner has spent the past four years capturing the effects of climate change around the world and under water.

    Interested? Click now for the story and images.

  • Climate and Environmental Justice
    They Go Together
    With Local Activism

    Jan. 25, 2018 -Jacqui Patterson, the director of the NAACP’s Environmental and Climate Justice Program, joined ILSR co-founder and Waste to Wealth initiative researcher Neil Seldman and ILSR’s Communications Manager Nick Stumo-Langer for the latest edition of our Building Local Power podcast.

    The discussion centers on the practical implications of environmental justice and how she balances her work at a national non-profit with the needs of 2200 branches and local chapters of the NAACP. The trio also delves into the difficulties facing local communities that attempt to make local ownership of energy resources a reality. Finally, Jacqui explains how her work intersects with a number of other activist spaces including organizing around women’s issues and racial justice in order to create a healthier environment and a vibrant local community.

    Click to listen and learn fromISLR.

  • Defending Climate Against Deniers
    How to Talk to a
    Climate Change Denier

    Jan. 11, 2018 - by Daniel Peterschmidt - Many of us have debated the threat of climate change with our friends, family, and strangers on the internet. But not everyone believes that anthropogenic climate change exists or views it as a problem relevant to their everyday lives. And, as we’ve seen lately in the political world, facts aren’t always enough.

    Click now for much more from Science Friday.

  • Climate Change Arguments Through Cartoon Illustrations
    Unpersuasive: Why Arguing About
    Climate Change Often Doesn't Work

    Feb. 28, 2019  knowable Magazine - In the US, where political parties have increasingly staked claims on one side of the issue or the other, beliefs may be more about belonging than facts.

  • 2018 Was the 4th Warmest Since We Started Counting
    The Last Five Years Have
    Been the Earth’s Warmest
    Since Records Began

    Feb. 1, 2019 M.I.T. Technology Review - 2018 was the fourth warmest year since records began in 1880, according to studies out today from NASA, the UK Met Office, and the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

    Record-breaking: The NASA study found that Earth’s global surface temperature last year was 0.83 °C warmer than the 1951-1980 mean. That temperature was topped only in 2016, 2017, and 2015. The data shows that the last five years are collectively the warmest ever recorded, while 18 of the 19 hottest years have taken place since 2001. The NOAA study, which uses a different methodology, agreed.

  • Coastal Cities That Can Disappear
    Which Cities Are
    in the Most Jeopardy

    Apr. 24, 2016 - Maps show coastal and low-lying areas that would be permanently flooded, without engineered protection, in three levels of higher seas. Percentages are the portion of dry, habitable land within the city limits of places listed that would be permanently submerged.

    Click for this story from the
    NY Times, including graphics.

  • Kelp: The Climate-Friendly Vegetable
    The Climate-Friendly Vegetable
    You Ought to Be Eating

    NY Times Climate Forward, Apr. 30, 2019  - It was a sharp, windy March day, but the gray water of Casco Bay glimmered green in the sun. On his lobster boat, the Pull N’ Pray, Justin Papkee scanned the surface of the ocean, searching for his buoys. But he wasn’t looking for lobster traps.

    Mr. Papkee was farming, not fishing: His crop, clinging to ropes beneath the cold waves, was seaweed, thousands of pounds of brownish kelp undulating under the surface. Growing at a rate of 4 to 6 inches per day for the past six months, it was nearly ready to be harvested and sent to restaurants like Blue Hill at Stone Barns, Estela, Houseman, Saint Julivert Fisherie and Luke’s Lobster in New York, and Honey Paw, Chaval and the Purple House here in Maine.

    Interested? Click now for whole story.

  • The 4th National Climate Assessment
    Development of the Fourth
    National Climate Assessment (NCA4)

    (NCA4) is currently underway, with anticipated delivery in late 2018. Below you will find information related to NCA4, including a list of chapters, explanation of author roles, and opportunities to participate in the process.

    Click now to read the article.

  • Floating Ice Melt Will Raise Sea Level
    Presented by the National
    Snow & Ice Data Center

    When ice on land slides into the ocean, it displaces ocean water and causes sea level to rise. People believe that when this floating ice melts, water level doesn’t rise an additional amount because the freshwater ice displaces the same volume of water as it would contribute once it melts. Similarly, people also think that when ocean water freezes to form sea ice and then melts, the water is merely going through a change of state, so it won’t affect sea level. However, in a visit to NSIDC in May, Dr. Peter Noerdlinger, a professor at St. Mary’s University in Nova Scotia, Canada, suggested otherwise.

    Click for the complete article.

  • Biodiversity at the The Climate Law Institute
    Saving Life on Earth

    Waging innovative legal and grassroots campaigns to protect people, wildlife and ecosystems from climate change and the dirty and dangerous fossil fuel industry. We work to eliminate greenhouse pollution and speed the just transition to 100 percent clean, renewable energy.

    Click now for more from
    the Center for Biological Diversity.

  • What is the Role of Tropical Forests
    Tropical Forests Once
    Absorbed Carbon. Not Any More

    Apr. 16, 2018 - Since humans began to worry about having put too much carbon in the atmosphere, we’ve considered tropical forests an important “carbon sink.” Their fast growth rate, dense vegetation, and rich soils sucked more carbon out of the atmosphere then they produced. In other words, tropical forests were a natural greenhouse-gas vacuum. Except now, just when the world most needs them to be, they’re not.

    Click now for more from the  World Economic Forum.

  • Are Climate Change Debates Debatable?
    Presented at a Meeting of the
    Humanists of Sarasota Bay,
    Sarasota, FL. on Nov.1, 2017

    Nov. 3, 2017 - Barry Zack, the editor of this website made his ideas known to a group of sophisiticated attendees. His opponenet is a PhD with different ideas as to what is really responsible for Climate Change, and all of its ramifications.

    Click to read the presentation.

  • Climate Change in Photographs
    Photo Collections From
    The Climate Reality Project

    Aug. 25, 2017 - A collection of photos by the Climate Reality team - a nonprofit organization leading the fight against the climate crisis.

    To view it, click now.

  • The Importance of Mangroves
    Carbon-Rich Mangroves
    Help Control Climate Change

    Better protecting the world’s fast-disappearing mangroves could have big economic, social and environmental benefits, experts said at the U.N. climate talks in Lima back in 2014.

    Besides protecting shorelines from extreme weather and providing fish a safe place to breed, mangroves could play a big role in trapping climate-changing carbon emissions, something that has so far been largely overlooked, they said.

    Click for the complete article.

  • The Climate Accountability Scorecard
    Ranking Major Fossil Fuel
    Companies on Climate Deception,
    Disclosure, and Action

    An in-depth analysis of eight leading fossil fuel companies finds that none of them has made a clean break from disinformation on climate science and policy.

    Click to read the report
    from the Union of Concerned Scientists

  • Graph: The Relentless Rise in CO2
    View the NASA
    Graph Showing CO2 Rise

    The current warming trend is of particular significance because most of it is extremely likely (greater than 95 percent probability) to be the result of human activity since the mid-20th century and proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented over decades to millennia.

    Earth-orbiting satellites and other technological advances have enabled scientists to see the big picture, collecting many different types of information about our planet and its climate on a global scale. This body of data, collected over many years, reveals the signals of a changing climate.

  • Antarctica Like You've Never Seen It
    100-Year-Old Photos Reveal
    Antarctica Like You've Never Seen It

    July 14, 2017 -With our polar regions rapidly shrinking—and more bad news this week—it can make one nostalgic for an Antarctica that was, well, intact.

    The windiest, coldest, and driest place on Earth, the continent has long attracted explorers on a quest for adventure. National Geographic Magazine in particular has a history of fascination with Antarctica, publishing its first story on the region in 1894.

    Click now for the show.

  • Ask What Can We Do for the Climate
    Ask Not What Your Climate
    Can Do for You. Ask What
    You Can do for Your Climate

    From the Humanist.com, June, 2017: While the federal government is becoming a follower rather than a leader on climate change, we can fight on the state, local, and personal levels to achieve huge reductions in greenhouse gases.

  • Predicting San Francisco in 2075
    View a Map After a
    Catastrophic Rise in Sea Levels

    Far in the future, San Francisco's Divisadero Street is a cruise-ship harbor, taco trucks have become taco boats, and the Mission District is a beloved site for scuba diving. That's the waterlogged vision of cartographer Brian Stokle and Bay Area blog Burrito Justice, who've made a fantasy map of the city post-200 feet of sea-level rise.

    Is it just a fantasy? Click and have a look.

  • Peatlands and Climate Change
    The Role of Peatlands
    to Combat Climate Change

    The human impact on global climate and the role of peatlands has been widely studied and debated in media, but also within a scientific audience and peatland experts during recent years.

  • SRQ Climate Change Meet Up
    Sarasota Climate Change Meet Up

    Are you concerned about climate change? Do you suspect you’re the only one? Join us and learn you’re not alone. Got answers about climate change? Share them. We want to hear. Got questions about climate change? Share them. Maybe there’s an answer. Is anybody in Sarasota doing anything about climate change? If so, what? If not, why not? Got ideas? Let’s talk about them.

  • 6 Climate Leaders Tell Their Story
    Discover Your Purpose
    Learn from the Leaders

    Trained by The Climate Reality Project Founder and Chairman Al Gore and renowned climate scientists and communicators from around the world, our Climate Reality Leaders shape the conversation on climate science in forums from family dinners to international summits to tell the story of the climate crisis and build a twenty-first century movement for solutions.

  • Learn How Your State Makes Electricity?
    How Does Your
    State Make Electricity?

    NY Times Climate Forward, Dec. 24, 2018 - Overall, fossil fuels still dominate electricity generation in the United States. But the shift from coal to natural gas has helped to lower carbon dioxide emissions and other pollution. Last year, coal was the main source of electricity generation for 18 states, down from 32 states in 2001.

    But experts warn that a shift to natural gas alone won’t be enough to curb emissions and avoid dangerous global warming.

    This report gives you a state by state comparison.

  • U.S. and Climate Change Thinking
    Six Maps Help Tell the Story

    Mar. 21, 2017 -Americans overwhelmingly believe that global warming is happening, and that carbon emissions should be scaled back. But fewer are sure that the changes will harm them personally. New data released by the Yale Program on Climate Communication gives the most detailed view yet of public opinion on global warming.

    Click for the maps and
    article from the NY Times.

  • A Solar Solution For Desalination
    Can New Renewable Energy
    Powered Desalination Solve
    Our Water Shortages?

    June 11, 2018 — What if new renewable energy technology could solve not just our climate change problem but issues associated with climate change like shortages of fresh water where we need it? As you know we are a fan of solar thermal energy technology and this research we are about to share with you will make you a fan as well.

    Freshwater shortages are projected to increase in our hotter and more crowded future. Already, 150 countries desalinate seawater, using fossil fuels.

    But supplying an ever-increasing basic need with non-renewable fuels creates a growing threat, according to Dr. Diego-César Alarcón-Padilla, who heads up SolarPACES Task VI at the Solar Desalination Unit at Plataforma Solar de Almería (PSA)

    Click for the whole story
    from Solar Thermal Magazine.

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Causes and Consequences

Click on a subject for more information.

Meat Consumption CO2 Pollution Concrete's Footprint Deforestation
Ice Meltdown Poor Regulation Population Growth
Sea-Level Rise


Click on a subject for more information.

  • The National Climate Change Assessment
    Explore Our Changing Climate

    Evidence for changes in Earth’s climate can be found from the top of the atmosphere to the depths of the oceans.

    Researchers from around the world have compiled this evidence using satellites, weather balloons, thermometers at surface stations, and many other types of observing systems that monitor the Earth’s weather and climate. The sum total of this evidence tells an unambiguous story: the planet is warming.

    Learn more from the
    National Climate Change Assessment

  • 6 Things We Can Do About Climate ChangeVideo Cam
    Watch the Video

    Learn the six thing we can do about Climate Change. The first three are choices you can make in your own life. And the second three will have an even bigger impact.

    Click to Watch the video from
    the Climate Reality Project.

  • Climate Change Positive Thoughts (free e-Book)
    Get Your Free e-Book

    You can help build a movement to fight back against fossil fuel interests and find commonsense solutions to the climate crisis.

    Learn more to download the
    e-Book from the Climate Reality Project

  • Get the Climate Lab Book
    View the Interesting Graphs

    View all kinds of interesting graphs showing how our climate has changed over the centuries.

    With the end of 2018, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) released their provisional State of the Climate report. The WMO asked whether Climate Lab Book could provide some updated graphics, also reproduced here.

    Click now for entire visualization.

  • Interactive Climate Map 2050 (CC Consequences)
    2050 Interactive Climate Map

    How will rising temperatures affect your community? We mapped what the world will look like under current climate change projections.

    Click now for maps showing how your area
    will be affected - from the Revelator.

  • The People's Dosier on Climate Change
    Science-Based Outlines

    The People’s Dossier on 1.5°C contains the stories of communities fighting against fossil fuel projects and for a fast and just transition to 100% renewable energy. It outlines how climate change is currently impacting them and grounds their fight in the latest climate science.

    Click now for more from 350.org.

  • Global Warming Report from NOAA
    NOAA Knows - And NOAA Should Know

    Use this web mapping tool to visualize community-level impacts from coastal flooding or sea level rise (up to 6 feet above average high tides.

    Click now for more from
    the NOAA section of this web page.

  • Another Good Global Warming Resource
    Good Old Greenhouse Warming

    The overwhelming majority of scientists agree that our globe is undergoing major climate change. They also agree that the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is rising significantly.

    Click now for more from greenhouse.

  • More Climate Change Resources
    More Climate Change Information

    If you still haven’t had enough, click here
    for that section of this web page.

  • NY Times Climate Forward: (Climate Change Q&A)
    The NY Times Delivers
    Climate Change Info

    1. What is Happening?

    2.What Could Happen?

    3. What Can We Do?

    Click here for that section of this web page.

  • Carbon Fee & Dividend Video
    How This Works

    Learn how Carbon Fee & Dividend works on your behalf, and not that of the fossil fuel industry.

    Click here for video from
    the Citizen's Climate Lobby.

  • Interactive Air Pollution Map 2100
    Projections for Pollution Increases

    Exclusive map shows where pollution is projected to increase, county by county, thanks to climate change.

    Click here for the map from the Revelator.

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Mouse over a topic for a brief description.
Click on it to learn much more

Come Together - Right Now
Warming Oceans - Melting Ice
Taxing What Hurts our Planet
Just Say 'Maybe'
GHGE - It's a Gas

NOAA Sea-Level Rise Viewer

And if anyone should know
about that, it's NOAH.

Use this web mapping tool to visualize community-level impacts from coastal flooding or sea level rise (up to 6 feet above average high tides). Photo simulations of how future flooding might impact local landmarks are also provided, as well as data related to water depth, connectivity, flood frequency, socio-economic vulnerability, wetland loss and migration, and mapping confidence.
Click here to learn what else you need to know.


What are the Causes and
Consequencesof Climate Change?



Animal Consumption

An analysis of meat, egg, and milk production encompasses not only the direct rearing and slaughtering of animals, but also grain and fertilizer production for animal feed, waste storage and disposal, water use, and energy expenditures on farms and in transporting feed and finished animal products, among other key impacts of the production process as a whole.
It takes 2,500 gallons of water, 12 pounds of grain, 35 pounds of topsoil and the energy equivalent of one gallon of gasoline to produce one pound of feedlot beef.
Because of over-consumption of fish, all 17 of the world’s major fishing areas have reached or exceeded their natural limits. One-third of the world’s fish catch is fed directly to livestock
70% of US grain production is fed to livestock
5 million acres of rainforest are felled every year in South and Central America alone to create cattle pasture.
Roughly 20% of all currently threatened and endangered species in the US are harmed by livestock grazing.
Animal agriculture is a chief contributor to water pollution. America’s farm animals produce 10 times the waste produced by the human population.


Possible Solutions

Consume less meat and dairy products, and focus on plants and grains. Call on government to end subsidies for meat production.
See Resources for more information.

Carbon Pollution

Coal burning is responsible for nearly one-third of U.S. carbon emissions — the air pollution that is the main contributor to climate disruption. This according to the Sierra Club.


Possible Solutions

Make carbon more expensive to consume, by instituting a revenue-neutral carbon tax (but please don't call it a tax!). This would go a long way in making renewable energy competitive with cheap, dirty and unhealthy fossil fuels.
See Resources for more information.

Concrete's Carbon Footprint

According to the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (see Resources), ‘Concrete is the most widely used material on earth apart from water, with nearly three tons used annually for each man, woman, and child.


Possible Solutions

Come up with a concrete alternative. Do what the Romans do (resources).


Action for Our Plant (AFOP) describes the result of the decline of rainforests. Countries that are particularly poor try to grow their economies at the expense of this vital resource.

Possible Solutions

Incentivize these countries by rewarding them for protecting what are in reality, world resources.

What not to do
A better plan: See Resources.

Melting of the Polar Ice Caps

The polar ice caps have melted faster in last 20 years than in the last 10,000. A comprehensive satellite study confirms that the melting ice caps are raising sea levels at an accelerating rate.

Sea-Level Rise

Greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere will continue to increase unless the billions of tons of our annual emissions decrease substantially.
Increased concentrations are expected to:
• Increase Earth's average temperature
• Influence the patterns and amounts of precipitation
• Reduce ice and snow cover, as well as permafrost
• Raise sea level
• Increase the acidity of the oceans
See Resources

Population Growth

People around the world are beginning to address the problem by reducing their carbon footprint through less consumption and better technology. But unsustainable human population growth can overwhelm those efforts, leading us to conclude that we not only need smaller footprints, but fewer feet. -As reported by the Center for Biological Diversity.

Possible Solutions

This should be a no-brainer. Provide the tools and education for the poorest nations to reduce their birth rates. The Obama administration is already doing that, unlike his predecessor, who just said 'no' (See Resources). In the United States, women should be able to decide if and when to bear children. Religious leaders should not encourage motherhood when it's ill affordable.

Poor Regulation

The nature of greenhouse gases, or GHGs, makes international cooperation a must if the world hopes to prevent and avoid the experts’ predictions of widespread negative environmental effects. Because each state only incurs a fraction of the total cost of its own emissions, as GHGs act on a global rather than regional scale, the emission of GHGs has created a tragedy of the commons: each state has an incentive to overuse, even though the optimal solution is for each and every state to limit its emissions.

Possible Solutions

Appeal to your elected representatives to protect the environment and not the polluters. The U.S. helped to create the Kyoto Protocol, but America never signed on to it. As a world leader, WE should be setting examples for the rest of the world to follow. We should discourage business from nations with poor environmental records, but we'd better straighten out first. Keep our protection agencies funded, something that Congress likes not to do. Resources

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Global Warming Denial Mythology

1. Carbon dioxide "literally cannot cause global warming." People have tried to deny climate science in a lot of ways, but it's hard to beat a complete rejection of well-established atmospheric physics. Joe Bastardi, a meteorologist appearing on Fox News, argued that CO2 "literally" cannot cause warming because it doesn't "mix well in the atmosphere" (it does). He's also claimed that warming would violate the First Law of Thermodynamics, which states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed. (In fact, global warming has nothing to do with newly created energy, but with the atmosphere trapping energy that's already around.)

2. "Snow skiing will be hurt – but water skiing will benefit."
In 1990, as the world was beginning to grapple with the devastating predictions of climate models, a Yale economist set out to determine how much was a reasonable amount to spend on combating the problem. Not that much, he concluded, since "Humans thrive in a wide variety of climate zones. Cities are increasingly climate-proofed by technological changes like air-conditioning and shopping malls." Further, he argued, the hardest-hit sectors – like, say, agriculture – are relatively small parts of the economy anyway. And economic growth in other sectors could compensate: "Snow skiing will be hurt – but water skiing will benefit." How reassuring!

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The Fossil Fuel Resistance:
Meet the New Green Heroes

RS contributor Bill McKibben lambasted this analysis in his 2007 book, Deep Economy. "It's nice to have microelectronics; it's necessary to have lunch," wrote McKibben. "If global warming 'only' damages agriculture, the rest may not matter much."

3. "We must demand that more coal be burned to save the Earth from global cooling." The "global cooling" myth is another favorite of climate deniers, despite broad scientific consensus that the planet is in fact warming. But it's got to be an especially appealing fiction when you're the CEO of a coal company – this statement is from a tweet by Don Blankenship, then the head of Massey Energy.

4. Climate change is impossible because "God's still up there." In 2012, U.S. Sen. James Inhofe (R-Oklahoma) contended that acceptance of climate science was at odds with Christianity – never mind that many Christian leaders and institutions take climate change very seriously. "My point is, God's still up there," he told Voice of Christian Youth America. "The arrogance of people to think that we, human beings, would be able to change what He is doing in the climate is to me outrageous." A close runner-up in this category: In 2009, Rep. John Shimkus (R-Illinois) cited God's post-flood promise to Noah as evidence we shouldn't be worried. "The Earth will end only when God declares it's time to be over," he declared. "Man will not destroy this Earth." Well, that must be nice to know.

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5. God buried fossil fuels "because he loves to see us find them." Bryan Fischer, a director at the American Family Association, compared efforts to burn less fossil fuels to telling a friend that you don't like their birthday present. "That's kind of how we're treating God when he's given us these gifts of abundant and inexpensive and effective fuel sources," he observed. "God has buried those treasures there because he loves to see us find them." And everyone knows it's bad manners to turn down a divine treasure hunt.

6. "The President was wearing a trench coat it was so cold, but he's talking about global warming." This gem, from U.S. Rep. Steve Scalise (R-Louisiana) in reference to President Obama's 2013 inauguration speech, is part of a long, confused tradition: The conviction that anecdotally observed cold weather of any kind debunks the science of climate change. See also the igloo that James Inhofe's family built on the National Mall (they called it "Al Gore's new home") or the ad from the Virginia Republican Party, aired before the same snowstorm, advising voters to call legislators who supported climate actions and "tell them how much global warming you get this weekend. Maybe they'll come help you shovel." With probably thousands of articles out there now explaining the simple fact that weather is not the same thing as climate, this joke gets dumber every time it's made.

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7. "I thought it must be true until I found out what it cost." Yes, Sen. Inhofe gets two entries. Speaking to Rachel Maddow in 2012, he admitted that his rejection of climate science began with realizing how expensive mitigation would be. Not only is it flatly nonsensical to deny that a problem exists because you don't like its cure, delaying climate action is actually the more expensive course. The International Energy Agency has estimated that for every year the world delays taking significant action to curb climate change, we'll end up paying an additional $500 billion later on.

8. Safeguarding the climate is "a worldview that elevates the Earth above man." Rick Santorum was a front-runner for the GOP presidential nomination when he called climate science a "phony theology" – "a worldview that elevates the Earth above man and says that we can't take those resources because we're going to harm the Earth." (Santorum has also said, "We were put on this Earth as creatures of God to have dominion over the Earth, to use it wisely and steward it wisely, but for our benefit not for the Earth's benefit.") This people-vs.-planet idea is another common refrain from climate skeptics. They rarely seem to have considered the fairly obvious point that functioning human society depends on a healthy planet.

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9. "100 years is a long time . . . There is an extremely high chance that the very nature of human society itself will have changed by that time in ways that render this entire issue moot." This novel bit of reasoning is from an essay called "In Praise of Dirty Energy: There Are Worse Things Than Pollution and We Have Them," by economist and blogger Karl W. Smith, now a writer for Forbes. Smith accepts the science of climate change – but argues that we should burn more fossil fuels anyway, in order to spur economic growth. As the climate changes, he believes that people will simply build new cities or move north to Siberia, and build a society so technologically advanced it's somehow progressed beyond the need for a stable climate. Piece of cake!
10. "I have a theory about global warming and why people think it's real. Go back 30, 40 years when there was much less air conditioning in the country. When you didn't have air conditioning and you left the house, it may in fact have gotten a little cooler out there, because sometimes houses become hot boxes. Especially if you're on the second or third floor of a house in the summer time and all you've got is open windows and maybe a window fan. Or you have some servant standing there fanning you with a piece of paper. When you walked outside, no big deal, it's still hot as hell. Now, 30, 40 years later, all this air conditioning, and it's a huge difference when you go outside. When you go outside now, my golly, is it hot. Oh. Global warming. It's all about the baseline you're using for comparison."

Oh, OK: All those scientists who have confirmed a pattern of long-term climate change were just getting confused by their air conditioning. Right. Thanks, Rush Limbaugh, for the low-hanging fruit.
New Math: Commentary by Bill McKibben

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