Of Possible Interest

  • What About 'No Glacier' National Park?
    Is Glacier National Park Due for a Name Change?

    National Parks have grown up with photography. So it’s only fitting that in the last days of ice in Montana’s Glacier National Park, Lisa McKeon is using a camera to show how quickly climate change has killed off the park’s namesakes.

    After all, it’s one thing to note that of the park’s 150 glaciers that existed in the late 1800s, only 25 of them remain today. But it’s another to see what that cold, hard fact looks like on the landscape.

    Click now to read the article from the Alternet.

  • Here’s a Weather Forecast for 2100
    What is The Weather Forecast for The Year 2100?

    Feb. 16, 2018 -For anyone paying attention, the impacts of global temperature rise are starting to get a little scary, especially if you live on the coast. Any coast. You have to wonder where is this going and what will the world look in the near future say 2100? A team at Princeton University has some answers.

    Heat waves are among the deadliest and most common of environmental extremes. As the earth continues to warm due to the buildup of greenhouse gases, heat waves are expected to become more severe, particularly for cities, where concrete and a dearth of trees create what’s known as the urban heat island effect.

    Click now to read more(if you can
    stand it?) from  Solar Thermal Magazine.

  • Must-See Climate Change Films
    6 Climate Change Movies You HAVE To See

    July 11, 2018 -Six deeply engaging and thought-provoking films shine a light on the realities of the climate crisis today – and imagine what it means for our tomorrow.

    Truly great films about the climate crisis are tough to come by. Allusions to environmental destruction are very familiar in the futuristic dystopias Hollywood churns out like clockwork, but they rarely get the science right – or they abandon it entirely in favor of skipping straight to some post-apocalyptic CGI extravaganza.

    The list includes: Interstellar, Beasts of the Southern Wild, Chasing Coral, Snowpiercer, An Inconvenient Truth and An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power

    Click now for the trailers
    from CleanTechnica.

  • Family Planning & Climate Change
    How Family Planning
    Can Slow Climate Change

    No matter where she lives, reproductive health is her right. Our work expands possibilities for women worldwide by making sure contraceptives stay on shelves, doctors can do their jobs, and women can reach the care they want and need.

    Click now for much more
    from  PAI.org.

  • Bird Future in Our National Parks
    How Climate Change Will Affect Birds in Our
    Country’s Most Treasured Natural Places

    On average, one-quarter of bird species found in a given national park could be completely different by 2050 if carbon emissions continue at their current pace. New research, led by the National Audubon Society and National Park Service and published in the peer-reviewed journal PLOS ONE, underscores the need to safeguard and manage protected lands for birds and wildlife in a changing world.

    Click now for complete story
    from the  Audubon Society.

  • Taking a Leaf Out of Thoreau’s Book
    Climate Data That Transcends Time

    Apr. 11, 2018- As our planet warms up, the seasons are shifting in many parts of the world. Spring often arrives earlier, autumn often comes later. And not all species are adjusting their own seasonal habits at the same rate. Some flowers are now blooming before their pollinators emerge. Some birds are arriving at their breeding grounds after the insects they normally feast on have peaked.

    When different species fall out of sync like this, scientists call it a phenological mismatch. And, as Livia Albeck-Ripka and I reported last week, researchers have already found a few troubling examples where mismatches are having negative consequences for birds and animals, from the pied flycatcher in Europe to the caribou in western Greenland.

    Click now for more
    from the NY Times Climate Forward.

  • Reducing Your Carbon Footprint
    Carbon Footprint Explained

    -A carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions that come from the production, use and end-of-life of a product or service. It includes carbon dioxide — the gas most commonly emitted by humans — and others, including methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases, which trap heat in the atmosphere, causing global warming. Usually, the bulk of an individual’s carbon footprint will come from transportation, housing and food.

    You can start the process by calculating your carbon footprint here. You will need to know the following:

    Approximately how many miles you travel by car, bus, train and plane. The energy usage in your home. How much you spend shopping. The composition of your diet.

    Click now for much more from
    from the New York Times.

  • A Conversation with “Her Deepness” An Account by a Senior Citizen Deep Environmentalist

    Mar. 21, 2018 -Sylvia Earle, 82, is an oceanographer who has spent thousands of hours underwater studying corals, algae and wildlife. She was the first person to walk untethered on the ocean floor a quarter of a mile deep and once lived underwater for two weeks in a NASA experiment. She also spent two years as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s chief scientist.

    Click to read more from Climate Forward.
    Scroll down 'till you reach the article.

  • U.S. Climate Change Litigation If Climate Change Wrecks Your City, Can It Sue Exxon?

    Feb. 20, 2018 -Scientists can now link disasters to climate change, opening the door to lawsuits against fossil fuel companies

    Last summer, Ryan Coonerty, a county supervisor in Santa Cruz, got word that the neighboring county of San Mateo was about to take a bold step in adapting to climate change. Rising seas are already eroding San Mateo’s coast, and the county will need to spend billions of dollars on new sea walls and other infrastructure to protect itself in the years to come. So in July, San Mateo, along with Marin County and the city of Imperial Beach, sued 37 fossil fuel companies, arguing that they should help pay for the damage their products cause.

    Click to learn more from theVerge.com.

  • Download a Climate Change Free eBook Learn How to Make Climate Change Points

    All you need to know to make your argument with climate change skeptics.

    Every new year seems to arrive on the heels of another unfortunate climate record set. And 2017’s is among the most startling: Climate-related and other natural disasters caused a staggering $306 billion in total damages in the US, making 2017 by far the most expensive year on record for disasters in the country.

    Click now for free the eBook
    from The Climate Reality Project.

  • Oh, the Seas, They Are Arising Easter Island Is Critically Vulnerable

    Mar. 15, 2018 -Nicholas Casey, a New York Times correspondent based in Colombia, and Josh Haner, a Times photographer, traveled 2,200 miles off the coast of Chile to see how the ocean is erasing the island’s monuments.

    HANGA ROA, EASTER ISLAND — The human bones lay baking in the sun. It wasn’t the first time Hetereki Huke had stumbled upon an open grave like this one.

    For years, the swelling waves had broken open platform after platform containing ancient remains. Inside the tombs were old obsidian spearheads, pieces of cremated bone and, sometimes, parts of the haunting statues that have made this island famous.

    Click now for whole the story
    from NY Times Interactive.

  • A Louisiana Village Fights for Time The Community of Lafitte Faces Rising Tides

    Feb. 24, 2018 -JEAN LAFITTE, LA. — From a Cessna flying 4,000 feet above Louisiana’s coast, what strikes you first is how much is already lost. Northward from the Gulf, slivers of barrier island give way to the open water of Barataria Bay as it billows toward an inevitable merger with Little Lake, its name now a lie. Ever-widening bayous course through what were once dense wetlands, and a cross-stitch of oil field canals stamp the marsh like Chinese characters.

    Saltwater intrusion, the result of subsidence, sea-level rise and erosion, has killed off the live oaks and bald cypress. Stands of roseau cane and native grasses have been reduced to brown pulp by feral hogs, orange-fanged nutria and a voracious aphid-like invader from Asia. A relentless succession of hurricanes and tropical storms — three last season alone — has accelerated the decay. In all, more than 2,000 square miles, an expanse larger than the state of Delaware, have disappeared since 1932.

    Click now for this interactive article from the New York Times.

  • Never Too Late to Change Your Mind
    How Six Americans Changed Their
    Minds About Global Warming

    Feb. 21, 2018 - by Livia Aleck-Ripka - The Rev. Richard Cizik used to believe climate change was a myth. The science had to be rigged, he thought; those who believed in it were just tree-huggers. But in 2002, a friend convinced Mr. Cizik to go to a conference about climate change, and there, he said, “the scales came off my eyes.”

    Click now to read about five others who’ve also come to their senses, from NY Times Climate.

  • Climate and Environmental Justice They Go Together With Local Activism

    Jan. 25, 2018 -Jacqui Patterson, the director of the NAACP’s Environmental and Climate Justice Program, joined ILSR co-founder and Waste to Wealth initiative researcher Neil Seldman and ILSR’s Communications Manager Nick Stumo-Langer for the latest edition of our Building Local Power podcast.

    The discussion centers on the practical implications of environmental justice and how she balances her work at a national non-profit with the needs of 2200 branches and local chapters of the NAACP. The trio also delves into the difficulties facing local communities that attempt to make local ownership of energy resources a reality. Finally, Jacqui explains how her work intersects with a number of other activist spaces including organizing around women’s issues and racial justice in order to create a healthier environment and a vibrant local community.

    Click to listen and learn fromISLR.

  • Defending Climate Against Deniers How to Talk to a Climate Change Denier

    Jan. 11, 2018 - by Daniel Peterschmidt - Many of us have debated the threat of climate change with our friends, family, and strangers on the internet. But not everyone believes that anthropogenic climate change exists or views it as a problem relevant to their everyday lives. And, as we’ve seen lately in the political world, facts aren’t always enough.

    Click now for much more from Science Friday.

  • Arctic Warming and Crazy-Cold Winter
    How to Explain the Conflict

    Jan. 3, 2018 - How it works: A number of climate scientists, including Jennifer Francis at Rutgers, believe that rising temperatures and declining sea ice in the Arctic may create a more meandering jet stream. That, in turn, allows elongated troughs of cold air usually trapped in the polar vortex above the North Pole to extend down into the mid-latitudes, creating persistent cold spells and a greater likelihood of snowstorms.

    Click now for article from
    M.I.T. Technology Review.

  • 2017: The Year in Climate Stories the NY Time Covered in 2017

    Dec. 6, 2017 - A range of topics is presented.

    Click now to read about them.

  • Coastal Cities That Can Disappear Which Cities Are in the Most Jeopardy?

    Apr. 24, 2016 - Maps show coastal and low-lying areas that would be permanently flooded, without engineered protection, in three levels of higher seas. Percentages are the portion of dry, habitable land within the city limits of places listed that would be permanently submerged.

    Click for this story from the
    NY Times, including graphics.

  • What Alaskan Permafrost?
    Alaska’s Permafrost Is Thawing

    YUKON DELTA NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, Alaska — The Arctic is warming about twice as fast as other parts of the planet, and even here in sub-Arctic Alaska the rate of warming is high. Sea ice and wildlife habitat are disappearing; higher sea levels threaten coastal native villages..

    Click for the NY Times story with graphics.

  • The 4th National Climate Assessment
    Development of the Fourth
    National Climate Assessment (NCA4)

    (NCA4) is currently underway, with anticipated delivery in late 2018. Below you will find information related to NCA4, including a list of chapters, explanation of author roles, and opportunities to participate in the process.

    Click now to read the article.

  • Floating Ice Melt Will Raise Sea Level
    Presented by the National
    Snow & Ice Data Center

    When ice on land slides into the ocean, it displaces ocean water and causes sea level to rise. People believe that when this floating ice melts, water level doesn’t rise an additional amount because the freshwater ice displaces the same volume of water as it would contribute once it melts. Similarly, people also think that when ocean water freezes to form sea ice and then melts, the water is merely going through a change of state, so it won’t affect sea level. However, in a visit to NSIDC in May, Dr. Peter Noerdlinger, a professor at St. Mary’s University in Nova Scotia, Canada, suggested otherwise.

    Click for the complete article.

  • Climate Law Institute
    Saving Life on Earth

    Waging innovative legal and grassroots campaigns to protect people, wildlife and ecosystems from climate change and the dirty and dangerous fossil fuel industry. We work to eliminate greenhouse pollution and speed the just transition to 100 percent clean, renewable energy.

    Click now for more from
    the Center for Biological Diversity.

  • Tropical Forests Role
    Tropical Forests Once Absorb Carbon. Not Any More

    Apr. 16, 2018 - Since humans began to worry about having put too much carbon in the atmosphere, we’ve considered tropical forests an important “carbon sink.” Their fast growth rate, dense vegetation, and rich soils sucked more carbon out of the atmosphere then they produced. In other words, tropical forests were a natural greenhouse-gas vacuum. Except now, just when the world most needs them to be, they’re not.

    Click now for more from the  World Economic Forum.

  • A Climate Change Debate
    Presented at a Meeting of the
    Humanists of Sarasota Bay,
    Sarasota, FL. on Nov.1, 2017

    Nov. 3, 2017 - Barry Zack, the editor of this website made his ideas known to a group of sophisiticated attendees. His opponenet is a PhD with different ideas as to what is really responsible for Climate Change, and all of its ramifications.

    Click to read the presentation.

  • Climate Change in Photographs
    Photo Collections From
    The Climate Reality Project

    Aug. 25, 2017 - A collection of photos by the Climate Reality team - a nonprofit organization leading the fight against the climate crisis.

    To view it, click now.

  • The Importance of Mangroves
    Carbon-Rich Mangroves
    Help Control Climate Change

    Better protecting the world’s fast-disappearing mangroves could have big economic, social and environmental benefits, experts said at the U.N. climate talks in Lima back in 2014.

    Besides protecting shorelines from extreme weather and providing fish a safe place to breed, mangroves could play a big role in trapping climate-changing carbon emissions, something that has so far been largely overlooked, they said.

    Click for the complete article.

  • The Climate Accountability Scorecard Ranking Major Fossil Fuel Companies on
    Climate Deception, Disclosure, and Action

    An in-depth analysis of eight leading fossil fuel companies finds that none of them has made a clean break from disinformation on climate science and policy.

    Click to read the report
    from the Union of Concerned Scientists

  • Graph: The Relentless Rise in CO2View the NASA Graph Showing CO2 Rise

    The current warming trend is of particular significance because most of it is extremely likely (greater than 95 percent probability) to be the result of human activity since the mid-20th century and proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented over decades to millennia.

    Earth-orbiting satellites and other technological advances have enabled scientists to see the big picture, collecting many different types of information about our planet and its climate on a global scale. This body of data, collected over many years, reveals the signals of a changing climate.

  • Antarctica Like You've Never Seen It 100-Year-Old Photos Reveal
    Antarctica Like You've Never Seen It

    July 14, 2017 -With our polar regions rapidly shrinking—and more bad news this week—it can make one nostalgic for an Antarctica that was, well, intact.

    The windiest, coldest, and driest place on Earth, the continent has long attracted explorers on a quest for adventure. National Geographic Magazine in particular has a history of fascination with Antarctica, publishing its first story on the region in 1894.

    Click now for the show.

  • Ask What Can We Do for the Climate
    Ask Not What Your Climate
    Can Do for You. Ask What
    You Can do for Your Climate

    From the Humanist.com, June, 2017: While the federal government is becoming a follower rather than a leader on climate change, we can fight on the state, local, and personal levels to achieve huge reductions in greenhouse gases.

  • Predicting San Francisco in 2075
    View a Map After a
    Catastrophic Rise in Sea Levels

    Far in the future, San Francisco's Divisadero Street is a cruise-ship harbor, taco trucks have become taco boats, and the Mission District is a beloved site for scuba diving. That's the waterlogged vision of cartographer Brian Stokle and Bay Area blog Burrito Justice, who've made a fantasy map of the city post-200 feet of sea-level rise.

    Is it just a fantasy? Click and have a look.

  • Peatlands and Climate Change
    The Role of Peatlands
    to Combat Climate Change

    The human impact on global climate and the role of peatlands has been widely studied and debated in media, but also within a scientific audience and peatland experts during recent years.

  • SRQ Climate Change Meet Up Sarasota Climate Change Meet Up

    Are you concerned about climate change? Do you suspect you’re the only one? Join us and learn you’re not alone. Got answers about climate change? Share them. We want to hear. Got questions about climate change? Share them. Maybe there’s an answer. Is anybody in Sarasota doing anything about climate change? If so, what? If not, why not? Got ideas? Let’s talk about them.

  • 6 Climate Leaders Tell Their Story
    Discover Your Purpose
    Learn from the Leaders

    Trained by The Climate Reality Project Founder and Chairman Al Gore and renowned climate scientists and communicators from around the world, our Climate Reality Leaders shape the conversation on climate science in forums from family dinners to international summits to tell the story of the climate crisis and build a twenty-first century movement for solutions.

  • Climate Change by the Numbers
    Climate Change by the Numbers
    You Just Need to Do the Math

    Nov 29, 2016 - Michio Kaku Explains, in this YouTube, why he Is no longer a Climate Change denier: Global Warming Is Real!.

  • CC & GW: Conservative Approach
    Republic EN - A Conservative
    Approach to Climate Change

    Policy Statement: Members of republicEn are conservatives, libertarians, and pragmatists of diverse political opinion. We stand together because we believe in American free enterprise. We believe that with a true level playing field, free enterprise can deliver the innovation to solve climate change. But America's climate policy needs to change. Change requires that conservative leaders step-up and lead.

  • U.S. and Climate Change Thinking
    Six Maps Help Tell the Story

    Mar. 21, 2017 -Americans overwhelmingly believe that global warming is happening, and that carbon emissions should be scaled back. But fewer are sure that the changes will harm them personally. New data released by the Yale Program on Climate Communication gives the most detailed view yet of public opinion on global warming.

    Click for the maps and
    article from the NY Times.

  • A Solar Solution For Desalination
    Can New Renewable Energy Powered
    Desalination Solve Our Water Shortages?

    June 11, 2018 — What if new renewable energy technology could solve not just our climate change problem but issues associated with climate change like shortages of fresh water where we need it? As you know we are a fan of solar thermal energy technology and this research we are about to share with you will make you a fan as well.

    Freshwater shortages are projected to increase in our hotter and more crowded future. Already, 150 countries desalinate seawater, using fossil fuels.

    But supplying an ever-increasing basic need with non-renewable fuels creates a growing threat, according to Dr. Diego-César Alarcón-Padilla, who heads up SolarPACES Task VI at the Solar Desalination Unit at Plataforma Solar de Almería (PSA)

    Click for the whole story
    from Solar Thermal Magazine.

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Causes and Consequences

Click on a subject for more information.
Meat Consumption CO2 Pollution Concrete's Footprint Deforestation
Ice Meltdown Poor Regulation Population Growth
Sea-Level Rise

Approaches

Click on a subject for more information.

Approaches

 
6 Things We Can Do About Climate ChangeVideo Cam   Global Warming Report from NOAA  
National Climate Change Assessment   Another Good Global Warming Resource
Nat. Geographic Climate Change News   Climate Change Resources 
Climate Change Positive Thoughts
(Download the free e-bookfrom the Climate Reality Project.
  NY Times Climate Forward: (Climate Change Q&A) 
Climate Lab Book   Citizen's Climte Lobby (Carbon Fee & Dividend Video)Video Cam 
Interactive Climate Map 2050   Interactive Air Pollution Map 2100 
The People's Dosier on Climate Change  

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Climate Change/Global Warming News Stories

  • ’Mini Ice Age’ Story Might be Just That
    There Probably Won't Be A “Mini Ice Age” In 15 Years

    Nov. 16, 2018 - Since their article yesterday about how reduced solar activity could lead to the next little ice age, IFLScience has spoken to the researcher who started the furor: Valentina Zharkova.

    She announced the findings from her team's research on solar activity last week at the Royal Astronomical Society. She noted that her team didn't realize how much of an impact their research would have on the media, and that it was journalists (including ourselves) who picked up on the possible impact on the climate. However, Zharkova says that this is not a reason to dismiss this research or the predictions about the environment.

    Click now to read more
    from IFL Science.

  • Not Our Father’s Yellowstone Nat. Park
    Your Children’s Yellowstone National
    Park Will Be Radically Different

    Nov. 15,2018 -In the U.S., Yellowstone National Park is the only place bison and wolves can be seen in great numbers. Because of the park, these animals survive. Yellowstone was crucial to bringing back bison, reintroducing gray wolves, and restoring trumpeter swans, elk, and grizzly bears — all five species driven toward extinction found refuge here.

    But the Yellowstone of charismatic megafauna and of stunning geysers that four million visitors a year travel to see is changing before the eyes of those who know it best. Researchers who have spent years studying, managing, and exploring its roughly 3,400 square miles say that soon the landscape may look dramatically different.

    Click to read more from The NY
    Times Interactive
    and see some startling images.

  • Climate Change and Arctic Seabirds Survivability
    Climate Change May Have Made the
    Arctic Deadlier For Baby Shorebirds

    Nov. 13, 2018-Climate change may be flipping good Arctic neighborhoods into killing fields for baby birds.

    Every year, shorebirds migrate thousands of kilometers from their southern winter refuges to reach Arctic breeding grounds. But what was once a safer region for birds that nest on the ground now has higher risks from predators than nesting in the tropics, says Vojt?ch Kubelka, an evolutionary ecologist and ornithologist at Charles University in Prague. With many shorebird populations dwindling, nest success matters more every year.

    Click now for the story from Science News.

  • Even Your Beer is Threatened by Climate Change
    Add Beer to the List of
    Foods Threatened By Climate Change

    Nov. 10, 2018-Beer lovers could be left with a sour taste, thanks to the latest in a series of studies mapping the effects of climate change on crops.

    Malted barley — a key ingredient in beer including IPAs, stouts and pilsners — is particularly sensitive to warmer temperatures and drought, both of which are likely to increase due to climate change. As a result, average global barley crop yields could drop as much as 17 percent by 2099, compared with the average yield from 1981 to 2010, under the more extreme climate change projections, researchers report October 15 in Nature Plants.

    Click for the story from  Science News.

  • How Did the ‘Climate’ Do in the Mid-Terms?
    Climate Change and the Elections: Five Takeaways

    Nov. 7, 2018 - The results of Tuesday’s elections could have a significant influence on how the United States deals with global warming in several ways.

    In the Trump era, much of the action to fight climate change has been happening at the state level. On that front, the results were mixed: Several key climate policies on the ballot, including a carbon tax in Washington State and an aggressive renewable power target in Arizona, were defeated soundly. But Democrats who favor clean energy also took control of a number of key governorships and state legislatures, opening doors for expanded action.

    Click now to read more from
    The NY Times Climate Forward.

  • There Might Be Good News For the Coral Reefs Yet
    Coral Larvae Survive Being Frozen
    & Thawed For The First Time

    Oct. 26, 2018 -For the first time, researchers have quick-frozen coral larvae and then — the tough part — safely thawed them.

    Swathing larvae in specks of gold and then heating them with a laser warmed the frozen coral babies in milliseconds. Thawed this way, 43% of 2-day-old test larvae recovered well enough to start swimming again, physiologist and cryobiologist Mary Hagedorn and her colleagues report October 24 in Scientific Reports.

    Click now to read more from Science News.

  • The Evil Purple Urchin and Its Dangerous Diet
    California’s Underwater Forests Under Threat
    by ‘Cockroaches of the Ocean’

    Oct. 22, 2018 -Five years ago, assigning wickedness to the purple urchin, a shellfish the size of a plum with quarter-inch spikes, would have been absurd. But that was before the urchins mowed down Northern California’s kelp forests.

    The underwater forests — huge, sprawling tangles of brown seaweed — are in many ways just as important to the oceans as trees are to the land. Like trees, they absorb carbon emissions and they provide critical habitat and food for a wide range of species. But when climate change helped trigger a 60-fold explosion of purple urchins off Northern California’s coast, the urchins went on a feeding frenzy and the kelp was devoured.

    Click now to read more from The NY Times Climate Forward, with some striking images.

  • The Foods We Eat Do Affect the Climate
    9 Things You Need to Know
    About Food and Climate Change

    Sep. 22, 2018 -Did you know that livestock production has a larger impact on climate change than all transportation impacts combined? It can be argued that the single most important action that each and every one of us can take to reduce climate change, is to change what is on the end of our forks.

    All through that time, Mark Cameron worked as a senior policy advisor in the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO), under a boss who came under heavy criticism internationally for his actions on the climate change file.

    Click now to read all 9
    from The Center For Nutritional Studies.

  • Give Earth a Break - Reduce Meat Consumption
    Meat Consumption Needs to Drop
    by 90%, Climate Scientists Say

    Oct. 20, 2018 -New research suggests meat production has a far more drastic effect on global climate change than many would like to admit.

    For years, meat production and consumption have been identified as potential hazards when it comes to climate change efforts. However, a new study from international researchers suggests being more careful of how meat is processed and prepared is mandatory to reduce how it impacts the environment.

    Click now to read the whole
    story from Interesting Engineering.

  • We Don’t Need No Stinkin’ Heritage Sites
    Heritage Sites Threatened by Climate
    Change. The List Just Got Longer

    Oct. 16, 2018 -One of the cruelties of global warming is that it threatens humanity’s past as well as its future.

    That was brought into sharp focus by a study issued Tuesday. It says that some of the most important ancient sites in the Mediterranean region — the Greek city of Ephesus, Istanbul’s historic districts, Venice’s canals — might not survive the era of climate change.

    Those places joined a list of others that we’ve covered extensively here at The Times. Our series on cultural heritage has looked at the Cedars of Lebanon, the Stone Age villages of Scotland and the statues of Easter Island, all of which are threatened by climate change.

    Click to read more from the
    The NY Times Climate Forward.

  • How Is the World Responding to Climate Warnings?
    This Is How We Respond to
    the Climate Warnings

    Oct. 15, 2018 -After the UN's IPCC published its critical report on 1.5?C last Monday, thousands sprung into action all over the world

    If last week’s UN report on 1.5?C has made one thing clear, it’s that business as usual just isn’t working. The fossil fuel industry continues to operate on a model that is dooming us to a hot new world – one that ensures profit for a few and pain for most.

    It’s obvious something has to change. We need a different politics that is going to somehow wake people up and move politicians and industry off the fence in big ways.

    Click to read more from Go Fossil Free.

  • What Could Be Worse Than Climate Genocide?
    UN Says Climate Genocide Is Coming.
    It’s Actually Worse Than That.

    Oct. 10, 2018 -An alarming new report from the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change — examining just how much better 1.5 degrees of warming would be than 2 — amplifies the charge.

    Hundreds of millions of lives are at stake, should the world warm more than 1.5 degrees Celsius, which it will do as soon as 2040, if current trends continue. Nearly all coral reefs would die out, wildfires and heat waves would sweep across the planet annually, and the interplay between drought and flooding and temperature would mean that the world’s food supply would become dramatically less secure. Avoiding that scale of suffering, the report says, requires such a thorough transformation of the world’s economy, agriculture, and culture that “there is no documented historical precedent.”

    Click to read more from
    New York Magazine Intelligencer.

  • Geoengineering a Last Resort to Fight Climate Change
    Geoengineering: A Desperate and Expensive
    Attempt to Prevent Global Warming

    Oct. 10, 2018 -We are running out of time to prevent catastrophic effects of climate change from reshaping our world.

    That's the message of the latest report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which found that the world will start to experience some of the most severe effects of climate change once the planet warms 1.5 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial temperatures.

    Click to read more from Business Insider.

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  • Trump Approves Climate Report He’s Yet to Read
    The White House Approved a Climate
    Report (and What That Even Means)

    Oct. 10, 2018 -It’s been a big week for climate science. NY Times reporter Coral Davenport, who spent the past week in Korea nailing down the findings of a landmark report from the United Nations scientific panel on climate change, writes that the immediate consequences of global warming are more dire than previously thought. The report describes a strong risk of crisis as early as 2040.

    Click now to read more from
    The NY Times Climate Forward.

  • Nobel Prize Awarded For Climate Change Work
    The Economics of Climate Change and Tech

    Oct. 9, 2018 -Two U.S. economists, William Nordhaus and Paul Romer, have received the 2018 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for their efforts to untangle the economics of climate change and technological innovations.

    The pair significantly broadened the scope of economic analysis by constructing models that explain how the market economy interacts with nature and knowledge, according to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

    Click to read more from Science News.

  • Exxon Believes in Climate Change and Acts Accordingly
    Exxon Puts $1 Million Into Quest
    for Carbon Tax and Rebate

    Oct. 9, 2018 -An effort to put a tax on carbon dioxide emissions just won an unlikely underwriter: a top producer of oil and gas.

    Exxon Mobil Corp. is putting $1 million into a political campaign that, if successful, would effectively spawn a tax tied to the company’s core products.

    The move is consistent with Exxon’s longstanding support for a price on carbon dioxide, imposed instead of an array of environmental regulations that already elevate the cost of fossil fuels. But it marks the very first such contribution by a major oil company to the effort, known as Americans for Carbon Dividends.

    Click to read more from Bloomberg News.

  • Forests Protect the Planet - Are We Protecting Them?
    New UN IPCC Report Confirms Vital Role
    of Forests in Battling Climate Change

    Oct. 8, 2018 -A new report from the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) forwarded the need to protect and restore forests just two weeks after over 200 organizations, scientists and elected officials released the #Stand4Forests platform in the United States. The newly released platform aligned with the IPCC report in demanding the protection of forests as a vital climate solution and warned against false techno-solutions like bio-energy carbon capture and storage (BECCS).

    Click to read more from the Dogwood Alliance.

  • Can Technology Solver the Global Warming Challenge?
    We Need Tech To Stand A Chance
    of Capping Global Warming at 1.5 °C

    Oct. 8, 2018 -We must limit global warming to 1.5 °C rather than the previously agreed cap of 2 °C to avoid extreme heat, drought, floods, and poverty, according to a landmark climate report released this morning.

    The warning: Governments need to take “rapid, far-reaching, and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society” to avoid the disastrous effects of global warming, the report says. Given current trends the 1.5 °C threshold could be reached as early as 2030. Human-produced carbon dioxide emissions would have to drop by 45% from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching “net zero” by 2050, according to the report.

    Click to read more from
    M.I.T. Technology Review.

  • Running Out of Time to Avert Climactic Catastrophe
    Planet Has Only Until 2030 To Stem
    Catastrophic Climate Change, Experts Warn

    Oct. 8, 2018 -Governments around the world must take "rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society" to avoid disastrous levels of global warming, says a stark new report from the global scientific authority on climate change.

    The report issued Monday by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), says the planet will reach the crucial threshold of 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels by as early as 2030, precipitating the risk of extreme drought, wildfires, floods and food shortages for hundreds of millions of people.

    Click to read more from CNN.

  • Can Ferns Help Fight Climate Change?
    Cool Fix For A Hot Planet:
    A Tiny, Carbon-Sucking Fern

    Oct. 5, 2018 -Fifty million years ago, Earth was a hothouse, with carbon dioxide levels nearly ten times what they are today. Then along came a tiny but fast-growing fern called Azolla. Within a million years it had pulled trillions of tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, cooling the Earth. Living on Earth’s Anna Gibbs explains how the carbon-fixing powers of Azolla might now be harnessed to help us cool the planet once again.

    Click to read (or hear) more
    from Living On Earth.

 
  • Warm Tropical Waters Contribute Significantly to Hurricanes
    Warm Tropical Atlantic Waters
    Juiced the 2017 Hurricane Season

    Sept. 28, 2018 -Very warm waters in the tropical Atlantic Ocean were the primary cause behind the region’s many strong hurricanes last year, including powerhouse storms Harvey and Maria, a new study finds. And that pattern of ocean warming is likely to become more common in the future, fueling more strong hurricanes, the researchers say.

    Click to read more from Science News.

  • Climate Change Heats Up Our National Parks
    Climate Change Hits National
    Parks Harder Than Rest Of US

    Sep. 25, 2018 -Climate change is heating up national parks much faster than the rest of the U.S. That’s according to a first-of-its-kind study that looked all 417 national parks, including those in the Pacific Northwest.

    The study found that national parks are especially hard hit by climate change, in part, because of their locations at high elevations, in arid deserts or Arctic zones, said Patrick Gonzalez, study co-author and climate change scientist at the University of California, Berkeley.

    Click for more from Oregon Public Radio.

  • Arctic Sea Ice Reduction is a Major Problem
    Arctic Sea Ice at Minimum Extent For 2018

    Sept. 27, 2018 -Arctic sea ice has likely reached its minimum extent for the year, at 4.59 million square kilometers (1.77 million square miles) on September 19 and 23, according to scientists at the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) at the University of Colorado Boulder. The 2018 minimum ties with 2008 and 2010 as the sixth lowest in the nearly 40-year satellite record. September 23 is the latest day in the year the Arctic sea minimum has occurred in the satellite record—observed this year and in 1997.

    Click to read the report from the
     National Snow & Ice Data Center.

  • What the Orkney Islands Are Doing to Save Themselves
    Saving Scotland’s Heritage From the Rising Seas

    Sept. 25, 2017 -About half of Orkney’s 3,000 sites, many built before Stonehenge or the pyramids, are under threat from those changes, according to the county archaeologist. Some are already being washed away.

    Since 1970, Orkney beaches have eroded twice as fast as in the previous century. Others that had been stable are now shrinking. Rains, falling heavier and more often, are dissolving the crusts of soil and sand packs that protect remnants of civilizations.

    Click to read more
    (and see some great photos) from
     The NY Times Climate Forward.

  • Climate Week? Who Knew There Was a Week For That?
    Climate Week 2018

    Sept. 24, 2018 -Climate Week NYC is the time and place where the world gathers to showcase amazing climate action and discusses how to do more.

    Taking place between September 24-30, 2018, in New York City, Climate Week NYC is one of the key summits in the international calendar and has been driving climate action forward since it was first launched by The Climate Group in 2009.

    Climate Week NYC is a global event, run by The Climate Group in coordination with the United Nations and the City of New York, which happens annually during the UN General Assembly. They host government ministers, investors, governors, CEOs and mayors from across the world; they are shaping markets and setting policy to make climate action a reality.

    Click to read all about it from
     The Climate Group.

  • Canada: Charge for Carbon Then Reward Consumers
    Carbon Pricing Will Cost Canadians: Money —
    It Might Also Give Them Back Plenty More

    Sep. 22, 2018 -From 2006 to 2009, Stephen Harper was prime minister, leading a Conservative government that fended off a Liberal Party that hoped to sweep to power in 2008 on the strength of a “Green Shift” that would cut income taxes and put a price on carbon emissions.

    All through that time, Mark Cameron worked as a senior policy advisor in the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO), under a boss who came under heavy criticism internationally for his actions on the climate change file.

    Click now to read the story
    from Global News.ca, and see a video.

  • How Airports Are Affected by Sea Level Rise
    Rising Sea Levels Could
    Affect Your Flight

    Sept. 21, 2018 -Hurricane Florence forced airports along the Carolina coasts to shut down in anticipation of flooding, with more than 1,500 flights canceled.

    Climate scientists, city planners, and engineers say flooding at coastal airports and flight disruptions will become more common as sea level rise, rain events and the accompanying storm surge worsen. And increasingly, it won’t necessarily take a major tropical storm to shut down an airport. A federal report lists Philadelphia International as one of 13 major U.S. airports that have at least one runway below 12 feet of current sea level. By mid-century, some of those runways could be underwater.

    Click to read the complete
    article from The Allegheny Front.

  • Mr. Trump: There's a Much Better Place to Build a Wall
    Earth Scientists Propose Giant Wall
    to Stop Antarctic Ice Sheet From Collapsing

    Sept. 20, 2018 -Everyday it feels like science fiction and reality slide ever closer together. In the latest edition of “could this happen,” scientists have published a new study that weighs building massive berms to protect receding Antarctic glaciers.

    The results focus on one of the most at-risk glaciers ringing Antarctica, and show that we could indeed save it with a big enough berm. Now, we just need to figure out how to build the berms, if we can save other glaciers, who decides if this is a good idea, who pays for it, and if it’s worth the cost. No big deal.

    Click now for the rest
    of the story from Earther Gizmodo.

  • Climate Change Gives Hurricane Florence a Boost
    How Climate Change is Fueling Hurricane Florence

    Sept. 13, 2018 -Even as Hurricane Florence bears down on the Carolinas, bringing fierce winds and heavy rains, one team of scientists has undertaken a different kind of forecast: Understanding the influence of human-caused climate change on a storm that hasn’t made landfall yet.

    Click now for the rest of
    the story from Science News.

  • Climate Change: Don’t Just Sit There - Do Something
    Curbing Emissions Isn’t Enough—We Need Emergency Solutions for Climate Change

    Sept. 12, 2018 -It would be great if we could overhaul the energy system quickly and prevent further environmental devastation. But Daniel Schrag, the director of Harvard University’s Center for the Environment, says the more practical approach is to prepare for life in a world that is warmer, wetter, and more vulnerable to natural disaster.

    During a presentation today at MIT Technology Review’s EmTech conference, Schrag emphasized the difficulty of transforming the global energy supply in time to halt environmental disaster. “This may be the hardest problem we’ve ever tackled in the world,” he said.

    Click now for more from
    M.I.T. Technology Review.

  • We’re Running Out of Time to Reverse Climate Change
    Scientists Warn 25 Years
    Left to Fight Climate Change

    Sept. 13, 2018 - The finding is “a really big deal,” says tropical ecologist Daniel Nepstad, director of the Earth Innovation Institute, an environmental nonprofit in San Francisco, California, because it suggests that corporate commitments alone are not going to adequately protect forests from expanding agriculture.

    But then you get to that second minute, and the kernels really start doing their thing. And you can think of all those individual pops as extreme weather events — superstorms, extreme downpours, high-tide flooding, droughts, melting glaciers, ferocious wildfires. They’re like the signals that the climate is changing.

    Click now to read (or listen) to
    the not-so-good news from
    Public Radio International.

  • We Can Fight Sea Level Rise in Our Wetlands
    Sea Level Rise Doesn’t Necessarily
    Spell Doom For Coastal Wetlands

    Sept. 12, 2018 -Rising sea levels don’t have to spell doom for the world’s coastal wetlands. A new study suggests salt marshes and other wetlands could accumulate soil quickly enough to avoid becoming fully submerged — if humans are willing to give them a little elbow room.

    The new study builds on previous work that suggests rising seas will increase sediment buildup in some parts of coastal wetlands. This increased sediment, as well as human adaptations to allow wetlands to move inland as the seas rise, could allow the coastal fringes to not only survive but to increase their global area by as much as 60 percent, researchers report September 13 in Nature.

    Click now to read more from Science News.

  • Can Solar Panels Stop the Sahara Desert’s Expansion?
    A Scientist Dreams Up a Plan
    to Stop the Sahara From Expanding

    Sept. 9, 2018 — The Sahara desert is expanding, and has been for at least a century. It's a phenomenon that seems impossible to stop.

    But it hasn't stopped at least one group of scientists from dreaming of a way to do it. And their proposed solution, a grand scheme that involves covering vast areas of desert with solar panels and windmills, just got published in the prestigious journal Science.

    Click for the story
    from National Public Radio.

  • The Rio Grande May Not be So Grande After All
    The Rio Grande Is Dying.
    Does Anyone Care?

    Sept. 8, 2018 — Stretching nearly 1,900 miles from the Colorado Rockies to the salty Gulf of Mexico, the Rio Grande has been the stuff of Southwestern lore, sustained entire cultures and nourished wildlife in an otherwise unforgiving part of the planet.

    The Rio Grande is the third-longest river in the United States, exceeded only by the Yukon and the combined Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. Yet this summer it nearly stopped flowing from Colorado into New Mexico. The muddy water that does flow into Texas is something of a mirage, released from reservoirs or even imported from faraway basins.

    Click to get a river of
    tears from The NY Times story.

  • Climate Change Sea-Level Problem For Airports
    Many Major Airports Are Near Sea Level. A Disaster in Japan Shows What Can Go Wrong.

    Sept. 7, 2018 — As a powerful typhoon tore through Japan this week, travelers at Kansai International Airport looked out on a terrifying void: Where they should have seen the runway, they saw only the sea.

    They also saw what could be a perilous future for low-lying airports around the world, increasingly vulnerable to the rising sea levels and more extreme storms brought about by climate change. A quarter of the world’s 100 busiest airports are less than 10 meters, or 32 feet, above sea level, according to an analysis of data from Airports Council International and OpenFlights.

    Click to read the Scary
    story from The NY Times.

  • 2018: It’s the Year of the Climate Voter
    Faith in the People’s Climate Movement

    Sept. 7, 2018 — 2018 has been called The Year of the Climate Voter as environmentalists, labor unions, social justice advocates, and some religious groups have joined together to demand U.S. action on climate change. This Saturday, September 8th, thousands of people are expected to take to the streets in cities around the world as part of the People’s Climate Movement.

    Click to learn more from
    The Allegheny Front.

  • Anthropomorphic Climate Change Didn’t Just Begin
    Ancient Farmers Spared Us From Glaciers But Profoundly Changed Earth's Climate

    Sept. 6, 2018 — New evidence shows that ancient farming practices led to a rise in the atmospheric emission of the heat-trapping gases carbon dioxide and methane -- a rise that has continued since, unlike the trend at any other time in Earth's geologic history.

    Millennia ago, ancient farmers cleared land to plant wheat and maize, potatoes and squash. They flooded fields to grow rice. They began to raise livestock. And unknowingly, they may have been fundamentally altering the climate of Earth.

    Click for the story from Science Daily.

  • Reasons Why Temperature Rise is Bad for Mankind
    As Temperatures Rise, So Do Insects’
    Appetites for Corn, Rice And Wheat

    Aug. 31, 2018 -For each degree increase, the hungrier pests may do 10 to 25% more damage to the crops.

    With temperatures creeping up as the climate warms, those very hungry caterpillars could get even hungrier, and more abundant. Crop losses to pests may grow.

    Click now for the whole story
    from Science News.

  • John McCain Was a Climate Defender (until he wasn’t)
    John McCain's Climate Change Legacy

    Aug. 26, 2018 -Among the many battles Sen. John McCain waged in his storied career, it is easy to overlook his fight for U.S. action on climate change.

    He wrote legislation that failed. He built a bipartisan coalition that crumbled. And when Congress came closest to passing a bill that embraced his central idea—a market-based cap-and-trade system—McCain turned his back.

    And yet, McCain's nearly decade-long drive on global warming had an impact that reverberates in today's efforts to revive the U.S. role in the climate fight. In the Senate chamber and on the campaign trail, the Arizona Republican did more than any other U.S. politician has done before or since to advance the conservative argument for climate action.

    Click now to read the
    article from Inside Climate News.

  • Wash. State Judge Doubts Climate Change Threat
    Judge Dismisses Youth Climate
    Change Lawsuit in Washington State

    Aug. 25, 2018 -A group of young climate advocates who sued the state of Washington to force it to reduce greenhouse gas emissions lost their case on Tuesday when a judge sided with the state and agreed to dismiss it.

    King County Superior Court Judge Michael Scott wrote that the issues at the heart of the case are political and should be considered by the state's legislative and executive branches, not settled by its courts.

    Click now to read more from
    Inside Climate News.

  • Technique Idea Might Help Avert Global Warming
    Scientists Create a Mineral in the
    Lab that Captures Carbon Dioxide

    Aug. 22, 2018 — Scientists are one step closer to a long-sought way to store carbon dioxide in rocks.

    A new technique speeds up the formation of a mineral called magnesite that, in nature, captures and stores large amounts of the greenhouse gas CO2. And the process can be done at room temperature in the lab, researchers reported August 14 at the Goldschmidt geochemistry conference, held in Boston. If the mineral can be produced in large quantities, the method could one day help fight climate change.

    Click now to read more
    from Science News.

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Resources

Mouse over a topic for a brief description.
Click on it to learn much more.

• Come Together - Right Now
• Warming Oceans - Melting Ice
• Taxing What Hurts our Planet
• Just Say 'Maybe'
• GHGE - It's a Gas

NOAA Sea-Level Rise Viewer

And if anyone should know
about that, it's NOAH.

Use this web mapping tool to visualize community-level impacts from coastal flooding or sea level rise (up to 6 feet above average high tides). Photo simulations of how future flooding might impact local landmarks are also provided, as well as data related to water depth, connectivity, flood frequency, socio-economic vulnerability, wetland loss and migration, and mapping confidence.
Click here to learn what else you need to know.

 

What are the Causes and
Consequencesof Climate Change?

Description

 

Animal Consumption


An analysis of meat, egg, and milk production encompasses not only the direct rearing and slaughtering of animals, but also grain and fertilizer production for animal feed, waste storage and disposal, water use, and energy expenditures on farms and in transporting feed and finished animal products, among other key impacts of the production process as a whole.
It takes 2,500 gallons of water, 12 pounds of grain, 35 pounds of topsoil and the energy equivalent of one gallon of gasoline to produce one pound of feedlot beef
Because of over-consumption of fish, all 17 of the world’s major fishing areas have reached or exceeded their natural limits. One-third of the world’s fish catch is fed directly to livestock
70% of US grain production is fed to livestock
5 million acres of rainforest are felled every year in South and Central America alone to create cattle pasture
Roughly 20% of all currently threatened and endangered species in the US are harmed by livestock grazing
Animal agriculture is a chief contributor to water pollution. America’s farm animals produce 10 times the waste produced by the human population.

 

Possible Solutions

Consume less meat and dairy products, and focus on plants and grains. Call on government to end subsidies for meat production.
See Resources for more information.

Carbon Pollution

Coal burning is responsible for nearly one-third of U.S. carbon emissions — the air pollution that is the main contributor to climate disruption. This according to the Sierra Club.

 

Possible Solutions

Make carbon more expensive to consume, by instituting a revenue-neutral carbon tax (but please don't call it a tax!). This would go a long way in making renewable energy competitive with cheap, dirty and unhealthy fossil fuels.
See Resources for more information.

Concrete's Carbon Footprint

According to the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (see Resources), ‘Concrete is the most widely used material on earth apart from water, with nearly three tons used annually for each man, woman, and child.

 

Possible Solutions


Come up with a concrete alternative. Do what the Romans do (resources).
 

Deforestation

Action for Our Plant (AFOP) describes the result of the decline of rainforests. Countries that are particularly poor try to grow their economies at the expense of this vital resource.

Possible Solutions


Incentivize these countries by rewarding them for protecting what are in reality, world resources.



What not to do
A better plan: See Resources.

Melting of the Polar Ice Caps


The polar ice caps have melted faster in last 20 years than in the last 10,000. A comprehensive satellite study confirms that the melting ice caps are raising sea levels at an accelerating rate.


See Sea Level Rise

Possible Solutions

Reduce the Greenhouse gas effect (GHGE), which traps CO2 and methane in the atmosphere by the use of fossil fuels, encouraging Green Building, smarter transportation and lower population. See Resources.

Population Growth


People around the world are beginning to address the problem by reducing their carbon footprint through less consumption and better technology. But unsustainable human population growth can overwhelm those efforts, leading us to conclude that we not only need smaller footprints, but fewer feet. -As reported by the Center for Biological Diversity.

Possible Solutions


This should be a no-brainer. Provide the tools and education for the poorest nations to reduce their birth rates. The Obama administration is already doing that, unlike his predecessor, who just said 'no' (See Resources). In the United States, women should be able to decide if and when to bear children. Religious leaders should not encourage motherhood when it's ill affordable.

Poor Regulation


The nature of greenhouse gases, or GHGs, makes international cooperation a must if the world hopes to prevent and avoid the experts’ predictions of widespread negative environmental effects. Because each state only incurs a fraction of the total cost of its own emissions, as GHGs act on a global rather than regional scale, the emission of GHGs has created a tragedy of the commons: each state has an incentive to overuse, even though the optimal solution is for each and every state to limit its emissions.
 

Poor Regulations

Possible Solutions


Appeal to your elected representatives to protect the environment and not the polluters. The U.S. helped to create the Kyoto Protocol, but America never signed on to it. As a world leader, WE should be setting examples for the rest of the world to follow. We should discourage business from nations with poor environmental records, but we'd better straighten out first. Keep our protection agencies funded, something that Congress likes not to do. Resources
 

Sea-Level Rise

Greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere will continue to increase unless the billions of tons of our annual emissions decrease substantially.
Increased concentrations are expected to:
• Increase Earth's average temperature
• Influence the patterns and amounts of precipitation
• Reduce ice and snow cover, as well as permafrost
• Raise sea level
• Increase the acidity of the oceans

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Global Warming Denial Mythology


1. Carbon dioxide "literally cannot cause global warming." People have tried to deny climate science in a lot of ways, but it's hard to beat a complete rejection of well-established atmospheric physics. Joe Bastardi, a meteorologist appearing on Fox News, argued that CO2 "literally" cannot cause warming because it doesn't "mix well in the atmosphere" (it does). He's also claimed that warming would violate the First Law of Thermodynamics, which states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed. (In fact, global warming has nothing to do with newly created energy, but with the atmosphere trapping energy that's already around.)

2. "Snow skiing will be hurt – but water skiing will benefit."
In 1990, as the world was beginning to grapple with the devastating predictions of climate models, a Yale economist set out to determine how much was a reasonable amount to spend on combating the problem. Not that much, he concluded, since "Humans thrive in a wide variety of climate zones. Cities are increasingly climate-proofed by technological changes like air-conditioning and shopping malls." Further, he argued, the hardest-hit sectors – like, say, agriculture – are relatively small parts of the economy anyway. And economic growth in other sectors could compensate: "Snow skiing will be hurt – but water skiing will benefit." How reassuring!

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The Fossil Fuel Resistance:
Meet the New Green Heroes


RS contributor Bill McKibben lambasted this analysis in his 2007 book, Deep Economy. "It's nice to have microelectronics; it's necessary to have lunch," wrote McKibben. "If global warming 'only' damages agriculture, the rest may not matter much."

3. "We must demand that more coal be burned to save the Earth from global cooling." The "global cooling" myth is another favorite of climate deniers, despite broad scientific consensus that the planet is in fact warming. But it's got to be an especially appealing fiction when you're the CEO of a coal company – this statement is from a tweet by Don Blankenship, then the head of Massey Energy.

4. Climate change is impossible because "God's still up there." In 2012, U.S. Sen. James Inhofe (R-Oklahoma) contended that acceptance of climate science was at odds with Christianity – never mind that many Christian leaders and institutions take climate change very seriously. "My point is, God's still up there," he told Voice of Christian Youth America. "The arrogance of people to think that we, human beings, would be able to change what He is doing in the climate is to me outrageous." A close runner-up in this category: In 2009, Rep. John Shimkus (R-Illinois) cited God's post-flood promise to Noah as evidence we shouldn't be worried. "The Earth will end only when God declares it's time to be over," he declared. "Man will not destroy this Earth." Well, that must be nice to know.

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5. God buried fossil fuels "because he loves to see us find them." Bryan Fischer, a director at the American Family Association, compared efforts to burn less fossil fuels to telling a friend that you don't like their birthday present. "That's kind of how we're treating God when he's given us these gifts of abundant and inexpensive and effective fuel sources," he observed. "God has buried those treasures there because he loves to see us find them." And everyone knows it's bad manners to turn down a divine treasure hunt.

6. "The President was wearing a trench coat it was so cold, but he's talking about global warming." This gem, from U.S. Rep. Steve Scalise (R-Louisiana) in reference to President Obama's 2013 inauguration speech, is part of a long, confused tradition: The conviction that anecdotally observed cold weather of any kind debunks the science of climate change. See also the igloo that James Inhofe's family built on the National Mall (they called it "Al Gore's new home") or the ad from the Virginia Republican Party, aired before the same snowstorm, advising voters to call legislators who supported climate actions and "tell them how much global warming you get this weekend. Maybe they'll come help you shovel." With probably thousands of articles out there now explaining the simple fact that weather is not the same thing as climate, this joke gets dumber every time it's made.

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7. "I thought it must be true until I found out what it cost." Yes, Sen. Inhofe gets two entries. Speaking to Rachel Maddow in 2012, he admitted that his rejection of climate science began with realizing how expensive mitigation would be. Not only is it flatly nonsensical to deny that a problem exists because you don't like its cure, delaying climate action is actually the more expensive course. The International Energy Agency has estimated that for every year the world delays taking significant action to curb climate change, we'll end up paying an additional $500 billion later on.

8. Safeguarding the climate is "a worldview that elevates the Earth above man." Rick Santorum was a front-runner for the GOP presidential nomination when he called climate science a "phony theology" – "a worldview that elevates the Earth above man and says that we can't take those resources because we're going to harm the Earth." (Santorum has also said, "We were put on this Earth as creatures of God to have dominion over the Earth, to use it wisely and steward it wisely, but for our benefit not for the Earth's benefit.") This people-vs.-planet idea is another common refrain from climate skeptics. They rarely seem to have considered the fairly obvious point that functioning human society depends on a healthy planet.

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9. "100 years is a long time . . . There is an extremely high chance that the very nature of human society itself will have changed by that time in ways that render this entire issue moot." This novel bit of reasoning is from an essay called "In Praise of Dirty Energy: There Are Worse Things Than Pollution and We Have Them," by economist and blogger Karl W. Smith, now a writer for Forbes. Smith accepts the science of climate change – but argues that we should burn more fossil fuels anyway, in order to spur economic growth. As the climate changes, he believes that people will simply build new cities or move north to Siberia, and build a society so technologically advanced it's somehow progressed beyond the need for a stable climate. Piece of cake!
10. "I have a theory about global warming and why people think it's real. Go back 30, 40 years when there was much less air conditioning in the country. When you didn't have air conditioning and you left the house, it may in fact have gotten a little cooler out there, because sometimes houses become hot boxes. Especially if you're on the second or third floor of a house in the summer time and all you've got is open windows and maybe a window fan. Or you have some servant standing there fanning you with a piece of paper. When you walked outside, no big deal, it's still hot as hell. Now, 30, 40 years later, all this air conditioning, and it's a huge difference when you go outside. When you go outside now, my golly, is it hot. Oh. Global warming. It's all about the baseline you're using for comparison."

Oh, OK: All those scientists who have confirmed a pattern of long-term climate change were just getting confused by their air conditioning. Right. Thanks, Rush Limbaugh, for the low-hanging fruit.
New Math: Commentary by Bill McKibben

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