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Keeping It Green

(There's No Vaccine to Fight Climate Change)

  • Fridays For Future

    FFF is a global climate strike movement that started in August 2018, when 15-year-old Greta Thunberg began a school strike for climate. In the three weeks leading up to the Swedish election, she sat outside Swedish Parliament every school day, demanding urgent action on the climate crisis. She was tired of society’s unwillingness to see the climate crisis for what it is: a crisis.

    Read more about what they do by clicking now.

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    Climate Change

    Site Map
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    Page Updated:
    January 24, 2022


  •  Climate Change Opinion Maps
  •  Of Climate Change Interest
  • Climate Change in SW Florida
  • Climate Crisis Essay
  • Al Gore's Climate Reality Project
  • Join the NY Times Climate Hub
  • Degrees Of Change
  • How Hot is Your Town?
  • Documentaries to See
  • The Greenhouse Effect
  • The Hot 10 Climte Songs
  • Planet A:
    Climate Change YouTube Channel
  • The Causes & Consequences

    • The Approaches            • Resources

    • Insights From Climate Science   •  Cop26 Jargon Buster

    •  Easily Understood Climate Change Presentation

    • CNN’s Exceptional Climate Journalism
  • The Flight For Their Lives
  • Where You Stand Survey
  • Show it With Colors
  • Visit NYC's Climate Museum
  • A Climate Crisis Haiku
  • Sea Level Rise Viewer
  • Your City's CC Future

  • Of Possible Climate Change Interest


  • Add Climate Change to the Afghanistan's Woes
  • Global Warming Vs. Climate Change:
    Questions Answered
  • Bad Future, Better Future
  • Tick Tock Goes the Climate Clock
  • Alaska: 4th National Climate Assessment
  • Paying Farmers to Bury Carbon Pollution In Soil
  • The Rapid Thawing of the Permafrost Layer
  • The Atlas The USDA Forgot to Delete
  • AT&T Maps Out Climate Change Dangers
  • The Human Element Documentary
  • Climate Change and Tornado Effects
  • 6 Week Lessons on Climate Solutions
  • Must-See Climate Change Films
  • Taking a Leaf Out of Thoreau’s Book
  • Download a Climate Change Free eBook
  • Defending the Climate Against Deniers
  • Asia's Vital Rivers
  • Graph: The Relentless Rise in CO2
  • A Solar Solution For Desalination
  • What Should Know About Asia's Rivers
  • Postcards From a World on Fire
  • A Massive Lake In Antarctica Vanished In Days
  • Louisiana's 2023 Master Plan to Save Its Coast
  • What Keeps Climate Scientists Awake at Night?
  • The Amazon Was Once the Lungs of the Planet
  • Climate Change and Mercury Toxicity
  • Great Barrier Reef's Great Challenge
  • Artificial Glaciers To the Rescue!
  • It's Our Planet (While We Still Have It)
  • Greenhouse Gasses and Climate Reality
  • The Carbon Fee & Dividend Act
  • How About 'No Glacier' National Park?
  • Family Planning & Climate Change
  • A Conversation with “Her Deepness”
  • The Difference Between 2C and 1.5C of Warming
  • Climate Change by Air, Land and Sea
  • Climate Change Arguments Through Cartoons
  • Kelp: The Climate-Friendly Vegetable
  • Biodiversity at the The Climate Law Institute
  • Global CO2 Levels in Weather Reporting
  • The Great Climate Migration
  • ProPublica Support for the Above Article
  • Big Tech Climate Policy
  • Seaweed 'Forests' Can Help Fight Climate Change
  • Global Warming's Six Americas
  • Lebanon Flooding Affecting Refugees
  • Climate Perspective-Explaining Extreme Events
  • Learn How Your State Makes Electricity
  • The Developement of Self-Destructing Plastic
    It Happened 50 Years Ago

    Aug. 7, 2021 (ScienceNews) -Public indignation over litter and garbage has caused industry to ask chemists whether self-destroying, or quickly degradable, plastics might be devised to replace indestructible … glass, aluminum and plastics, which comprise the largest segment of consumer waste.Chemist James Guillet and his team … devised a self-destroying plastic that is about ready for marketing — a wrapping paper that disintegrates in about a month.

    Guillet’s work on polymers that degrade via light helped pave the way for their wider commercial use. But these materials may have created more problems than they solved. Most plastics wind up in landfills where the materials don’t get enough light to degrade as intended. Plastics that do break down turn into microscopic pieces that can wind up in ecosystems and harm animals. Scientists are trying to make more eco-friendly plastics, such as compostable plastics that can be totally broken down with enzymes (

  • Your State's Climate Change Risk
  • Climate Hub (from the NY Times)
  • Carbon Offsets Can Fight Climate Change
  • Fight Climate Change: Make Your Own Glacier
  • 6 Climate Leaders Tell Their Story
  • Climavore (Good-Tasting Conservation)
  • The Climate Refugee - A Growing Class
  • How Flood-Vulnerable Is Miami?
  • How to Answer a Climate Skeptic
  • Food and Climate Change
  • Trust the Weather Man on Climate Issues?
  • 20 Ways to Reduce Our Carbon Footprint
  • Climate Change’s Affect on American Birds
  • Predicting San Francisco in 2075
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    Climate Change / Global Warming News Stories

    (For the past 2 months)
    • • Health Risks to Children Mount as Temperatures Rise
      Children Face Particular
      Dangers During Heat Waves

      Jan. 21, 2022, (NY Times Climate Forward) -Higher temperatures in late spring and summer were associated with higher rates of emergency-room visits for children across the United States, researchers said Wednesday.

    • • Old Photos Could Reveal the Future of Arctic Glaciers
      Aerial Pictures From the 1930s
      are Helping Researchers Understand What
      that Means for the Region’s Ice

      Jan. 19, 2022, (NY Times Climate Forward) -The mammoth, ethereally beautiful glaciers of the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, near the North Pole, bear the scars of climate change more than almost anywhere else on the planet.

      Over the past three decades, Svalbard has warmed twice as quickly as the rest of the Arctic region and seven times the global average.

    • • Machines That Scrub Greenhouse Gases From the Air
      An Inventor of Direct Air
      Capture Technology Shows How It Works

      Jan. 18, 2022, (THE CONVERSATION) -Two centuries of burning fossil fuels has put more carbon dioxide, a powerful greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere than nature can remove. As that CO2 builds up, it traps excess heat near Earth’s surface, causing global warming. There is so much CO2 in the atmosphere now that most scenarios show ending emissions alone won’t be enough to stabilize the climate – humanity will also have to remove CO2 from the air.

    • • Australia Hits Hottest Day on Record at 123 Deg. F
      A Remote Coastal Town Reported Temperatures of 50.7C

      Jan. 13, 2022, (BBC NEWS)-The temperature in Onslow, Western Australia, on Thursday matched a record set in 1962 in South Australia.

      Onslow and the surrounding areas could see records broken again with temperatures set to rise slightly on Friday.

      It comes after Western Australia reported large bushfires last month.

      One fire near Margaret River scorched through more than 6,000 hectares of land, forcing evacuations.

    • • Re-Thinking the Electric Grid
      It's Crucial For Solving the Climate Change Crisis

      Jan. 12, 2022, (THE CONVERSATION)-In the summer of 1988, scientist James Hansen testified to Congress that carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels was dangerously warming the planet. Scientific meetings were held, voluminous reports were written, and national pledges were made, but because fossil fuels were comparatively cheap, little concrete action was taken to reduce carbon emissions.

      Then, beginning around 2009, first wind turbines and then solar photovoltaic panels decreased enough in cost to become competitive in electricity markets.

    • • Climate Change Destroys Homes Across the Arctic
      Permafrost Thaw in Kivalina,
      Alaska, Threatens Villages and Homes

      Jan. 11, 2022, (BBC NEWS)-Cracked homes, buckled roads and ruptured pipelines are likely to become common in and near the Arctic as warming temperatures cause frozen ground to thaw, new findings say.

      Five million people live on Arctic permafrost including in Russia, North America and Scandinavia.

    • • The Great Siberian Thaw
      What Happens When
      Permafrost Starts to Melt?

      Jan. 10, 2022, (THE NEW YORKER), By Joshua Yaffa-Three million years ago, as continent-­size glaciers pulsed down from the poles, temperatures in Siberia plunged to minus eighty degrees Fahrenheit and vast stretches of soil froze underground.

      As the planet cycled between glacial and interglacial periods, much of that frozen ground thawed, only to freeze again, dozens of times. Around eleven and a half millennia ago, the last ice age gave way to the current interglacial period, and temperatures began to rise. The soil that remained frozen year-round came to be known as permafrost.

      Read or listen to what's happening now.

    • • Floods Kill 10, Leave Hundreds Homeless in South African City
      State Broadcaster SABC Showed
      Cars Trying to Drive Through Torrents of
      Water that had Submerged Highways

      Jan. 10, 2022, (REUTERS)-Floods around South Africa's eastern coastal city of East London have killed at least 10 people and left hundreds homeless since the weekend, national media reported on Monday, as rivers burst their banks and roads were inundated.

    • • Indonesia Struggles With the Rising Tide
      The Nation Struggles to
      Save the Living—and the Dead

      Jan. 7, 2022, (National Geographic) -The land is sinking so fast on the north coast of Java that villages and at least one cemetery are being drowned. Climate change is to blame—and overuse of groundwater.

    • • Flood Risk Rising Across Pennsylvania as the Climate Changes
      The Top Three Cities with
      the Highest Projected Flood Hazards Were
      Lock Haven, Williamsport, and Sunbury

      Jan. 7, 2022, (Energy Central)-Most communities across Pennsylvania will likely face higher flood risks by the end of the century due to climate change, according to research from Penn State.

      The state’s latest Climate Impacts Assessment expects Pennsylvania to face more extreme rainfall and flooding by 2050 because of climate change.

      But a building or area’s flood risk–and the need for insurance–is determined by looking at past events.

    • • A New Way to Address Climate Change
      Cut Down on Conferences and International Events

      Jan. 5, 2022, (ZME Science)-During the pandemic year of lockdown, most things simply stopped — especially conferences. Large gatherings of people that require traveling are the last thing you can want during a pandemic, so they pretty much stopped. Turns out, that decision had a pretty big impact — the carbon footprint of the global event and convention industry is comparable to the entire emissions of the US. A team of Cornell researchers now says we should learn from that and use video calls and remote conferences when possible, to reduce emissions.

    • • Africa’s ‘Great Green Wall’
      It Could Have Far
      -reaching Climate Effects

      Jan. 3, 2022, (ScienceNews)- Africa’s “Great Green Wall” initiative is a proposed 8,000-kilometer line of trees meant to hold back the Sahara from expanding southward. New climate simulations looking to both the region’s past and future suggest this greening could have a profound effect on the climate of northern Africa, and even beyond. 

    • • England's Crumbling Coasts Amid the Climate Crisis
      The Sands of Time are Slipping Away

      Jan. 1, 2022, (The Guardian)-Along the eastern shore, seaside attractions are being demolished and millions of homes are at risk as rising sea levels speed erosion.

      From a distance, the beach at Winterton-on-sea in Norfolk looks like the opening scene of Saving Private Ryan, with hundreds of grey bodies lying motionless across the sand. On closer inspection, it becomes clear they are not fallen soldiers but a huge colony of seals taken to the land for pupping season.

    • • Alaska 'Icemageddon' Warning Follows Heat Record
      Alaska: Make Up Your Mind

      Dec. 29, 2021, (BBC NEWS)-The coldest US state of Alaska has recorded its hottest-ever December day, amid an unusual winter warm spell.

      Temperatures soared to a record 19.4C (67F) on the island of Kodiak on Sunday - almost seven degrees warmer than the state's previous high.

      But elsewhere in Alaska temperatures have been plunging to record lows.

    • • After Typhoon Rai, Miles of Destruction and the Smell of Death
      Many Were Still in Evacuation Centers

      Dec. 27, 2021, (NY Times Climate Forward)-Ed Boysillo, 54, a municipal worker in Ubay, in the central Philippine province of Bohol, was describing the fearsome power of Super Typhoon Rai. The storm made its first landfall on Dec. 16, bringing torrential rains and packing winds up to 168 miles per hour, comparable to a Category 5 hurricane.

    • • Hot Time In the Alaska Towns Tonight
      It's 65 Degrees in Alaska—in December!

      Dec. 26, 2021, (DW News)-Ah, another day, another incomprehensible temperature record. This time, the unwanted accolade goes to Alaska, which set a statewide temperature record for December just days before the end of the year, according to the National Weather Service. The Kodiak Tide Gauge recorded temperatures for the state hovering at 67 degrees Fahrenheit, a number one would expect in early autumn New York during non-doom times.

    • • The Year in Climate News
      Stories Compiled by
      The New York Times Climate Desk

      Dec. 22, 2021, (NY Times Climate Forward)-2021 was yet another year that felt like five. It began with a presidential transition, riots at the Capitol and a blackout in Texas. Before summer had even begun, drought, heat and fires had already torn across the West. The Biden administration faced a number of challenges to its climate agenda at home. And then came the United Nations international climate conference in Glasgow in the fall.

      Feel like a blur? Here’s a recap of the year in NYT coverage.

    • • What the Stalled Build Back Better Bill Means for Climate
      It Can Have Major Consequences for
      US’s Ability to Tackle Climate Change

      Dec. 22, 2021, (NY Times Climate Forward)- If the bill passes in something like its current form, with hundreds of billions of dollars for clean energy, the United States could get within striking distance of President Biden’s goal to cut the country’s planet-warming emissions in half by 2030. That could bolster global efforts to stave off a drastic rise in temperatures.


    • • Himalayan Glaciers Melting at 'Exceptional Rate'
      It Threatens the Water
      Supply of Millions of Asians

      Dec. 20, 2021, (ScienceDaily)-The study, led by the University of Leeds, concludes that over recent decades the Himalayan glaciers have lost ice ten times more quickly over the last few decades than on average since the last major glacier expansion 400-700 years ago, a period known as the Little Ice Age.

    • • Powerful Typhoon Forces Mass Evacuations the Philippines
      The 15th Typhoon to Hit
      the Country this Year

      Dec. 17, 2021, (ZME Science)-The typhoon Rai, also known locally as Odette, has forced nearly 100,000 people to be evacuated from high-risk areas in the southeast of the Philippines, after bringing torrential rain and the threat of flooding in the archipelago. The typhoon has generated winds of 185 kilometers (115 miles) per hour, and although there have been no reports of casualties or major damage, authorities are still on alert.

    • • How AI Shapes the Fight Against Climate Change
      It Analyzes Data Collected About the
      Environment and Its Changing Conditions

      Dec. 15, 2021, (greener ideal)-The collected data is then converted into information that can help lessen the threat of global warming and increase understanding of these changes. For example, AI has been used to study reams of satellite images and build predictive models for the weather.

      Scientists can also use AI technology to study reams of satellite images and build predictive models for weather phenomena such as cyclones, tornadoes and dust storms. Scientists believe that AI will help them better predict these events in the future.

    • • Kenya’s Drought Horror
      Aerial Shot Shows Devastating
      Effect of Drought that’s Left
      People And Animals Without Water

      Dec. 14, 2021, (The Guardian)-Six dead giraffes lie in a spiral on the dry earth, their bodies emaciated and interwoven. The aerial shot, taken by the photojournalist Ed Ram, shows the devastation of Kenya’s drought, which has left people and animals struggling for food and water.

    • • Russia Blocks U.N. Move to Treat Climate as Security Threat
      Russia’s Veto of a Widely Supported U.N. Resolution Illustrates the Difficulty
      of Achieving A Unified
      Global Warming Response

      Dec. 13, 2021, (NY Times Climate Forward)-Russia on Monday blocked a United Nations Security Council draft resolution, under negotiation for many months, that for the first time would have defined climate change as a threat to peace.

    • • Rising From the Antarctic, a Climate Alarm
      Ice is Melting From Below (and More)

      Dec. 13, 2021, (NY Times Climate Forward)-the immense and forbidding Southern Ocean is famous for howling gales and devilish swells that have tested mariners for centuries. But its true strength lies beneath the waves.

      The ocean’s dominant feature, extending up to two miles deep and as much as 1,200 miles wide, is the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, by far the largest current in the world...

    • • Simple Method for Converting CO2 Into Useful Compounds
      Researchers in Japan Have Found an
      Energy-Efficient Way to Do Just That

      Dec. 13, 2021, (ENN Network)- Using the method, CO2 is transformed into structures called metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), suggesting a new and simpler route to dispose of the greenhouse gas to help tackle global warming.

      The research was carried out by scientists at the Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS), Kyoto University, and colleagues, and the results are published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society.

    • • Thwaites: Antarctic Glacier Heading For Dramatic Change
      Scientists Warn of Dramatic Changes at
      One Antarctica’s Biggest Glaciers in

      Dec. 13, 2021, (BBC NEWS)- They say a floating section at the front of Thwaites Glacier that until now has been relatively stable could "shatter like a car windscreen".

      US and UK researchers are currently engaged in an intense study programme at Thwaites because of its melt rate.

      Already it is dumping 50 billion tonnes of ice into the ocean each year.

    • • Australian Conservation Foundation Endangered Species Report:
      Climate Change Not Mentioned Enough
      Documents For Half of All
      Critically Endangered Species
      Don’t Mention Climate Change

      Dec. 13, 2021, (The Guardian)- Conservation documents for more than half of Australia’s critically endangered species and habitats fail to mention climate change according to new analysis that argues there is a significant “climate gap” in the management of Australia’s threatened wildlife.

    • • 2021: Not A Good Year for the Climate
      From Killer Heatwaves
      to Floods, Climate Change Worsened
      Weather Extremes in 2021

      Dec. 13, 2021, (REUTERS)- Extreme weather events in 2021 shattered records around the globe. Hundreds died in storms and heatwaves. Farmers struggled with drought, and in some cases with locust plagues. Wildfires set new records for carbon emissions, while swallowing forests, towns and homes.

    • • Is Climate Change to Blame for Tornado Outbreak?
      Scientists Say Figuring Out How
      Climate Change is Affecting
      the Frequency of Tornadoes is Complicated

      Dec. 12, 2021, (WESH2 News)-The calendar said December but the warm moist air screamed of springtime. Add an eastbound storm front guided by a La Nina weather pattern into that mismatch and it spawned tornadoes that killed dozens over five U.S. states.

      Tornadoes in December are unusual, but not unheard of. But the ferocity and path length of Friday night's tornadoes likely put them in a category of their own, meteorologists say. One of the twisters likely broke a nearly 100-year-old record for how long a tornado stayed on the ground in a path of destruction, experts said.

    • • Unprecedented Water Restrictions Send a Sharp Warning on California Supply
      ‘Zero Day’ for California Water?

      Dec. 10, 2021, (THE CONVERSATION)-On Dec. 1, 2021, California triggered headlines heard around the world when officials announced how much water suppliers would be getting from the State Water Project. “California water districts to get 0% of requested supplies in an unprecedented decision,” one headline proclaimed. “No state water for California farms,” read another...

    • • Virginia’s Tangier Island Could Be Uninhabitable By 2051
      ‘Time is Running Out for the Island's
      Residents, Two Researchers Say

      Dec. 10, 2021, (ScienceNews)-Virginia’s Tangier Island is rapidly disappearing. Rising sea levels are exacerbating erosion and flooding, and could make the speck of land in the Chesapeake Bay uninhabitable within the next few decades. For years, island residents, policy makers and others have debated whether to attempt to save the island or relocate its small community elsewhere. But time to decide is running out, says David Schulte, a marine biologist with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

    • • New Survey Shows Belief in Climate Change Up in Florida
      This Is as State Combats Sea Level Rise

      Dec. 9, 2021, (ABC News) -Dr. Colin Polsky had a hunch, and a new survey by his Center for Environmental Studies at Florida Atlantic University seems to prove it — climate change is becoming a bipartisan issue in Florida.

      Polsky, the director of the center, was part of a team that polled 1,400 Floridians from across the state — a collection of Republicans, Democrats, and Independents.

    • • U.S.A. vs. China vs. Climate Change
      The Leaders of the TwoCountries Discussed it in November

      Dec. 8, 2021, (The Nation)- How will global warming change the world’s systems of power?

      Alfred McCoy argues that American global hegemony will end around 2030, replaced by China as world leader, but Chinese hegemony will last only for about 20 years—and that by 2050, climate change will have brought environmental catastrophe to both countries, and the rest of the world, with consequences that are almost unimaginable. His new book is To Govern the Globe: World Orders and Catastrophic Change.

    • • Geoengineering the Oceans
      We're a Step Closer

      Dec. 8, 2021, (GIZMODO)-The U.S. government has moved one step closer to turning science fiction into reality. On Wednesday, the federally funded National Academy of Sciences released a new report laying out six avenues to alter the oceans in an attempt to suck more carbon dioxide out of the sky and store it for centuries to come.

      The ideas explored in the 300-page, peer-reviewed report include using electrical currents on seawater and dumping iron in the ocean to encourage massive plankton blooms. All six are far from ready for primetime, but the report is essentially a roadmap for a research program and legal framework for the techniques.

    • • Global Oil CEOs Show What Interests they Really Represent
      They Stress Need for Fossil Fuels
      Despite Push for Cleaner Energy

      Dec. 6, 2021, (The Revelator), - A global energy conference devoted to future technologies and low-carbon strategies kicked off in Houston on Monday with top executives from energy companies affirming the need for more oil for decades to come.

    • • Manhattan is Still Vulnerable to Rising Seas
      It's Been Nine Years Since
      Hurricane Sandy Struck New York

      Dec. 7, 2021, (NY Times Climate Forward) -The day after the storm swallowed her neighborhood, Nancy Ortiz woke before dawn to buy ice. It was 2012, and Hurricane Sandy had reclaimed Lower Manhattan for Mother Nature. Making landfall near Atlantic City, it swept north, ravaging the New Jersey coast, destroying thousands of homes and inundating New York City with waves as high as 14 feet.

      Can it Happen Again?

    • • Canada Is Not Escaping Climate Change's Ravages
      Sifting Through Mud,
      Flooded Canadians Fear Next Disaster

      Nov. 29, 2021, (NY Times Climate Forward) -With light drizzle in the air, a young woman wiped away tears as she stood on the veranda of a newly renovated gray and white house. Its toilets and other plumbing fixtures sat beside her. Most of the house’s other contents were on the street in a muddy pile.

      Three doors down, a chain of soldiers in green camouflage fatigues stacked sandbags atop a rock-and-earth dike intended to keep the Tulameen River out of modest homes on Allison Avenue...

    • • Climate Change Threatens the Smithsonian
      Can Sandbags Really Solve the Problem?

      Nov. 25, 2021, (NY Times Climate Forward) -Beneath the National Museum of American History, floodwaters are intruding into collection rooms, a consequence of a warming planet. A fix remains years away.

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    Causes and Consequences

    Click on a subject for more information.

  • Meat Consumption
  • CO2 Pollution
  • Concrete's Footprint
  • Deforestation
  • Ice Meltdown
  • Poor Regulation
  • Population Growth
  • Sea-Level Rise
  • Approaches

    Click on a subject for more information.

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    Climate Change in Your City's Future

    Using the Calculator
    (click the image for more)

    The free to download ESD Research app was developed by EarthSystemData together with the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change at East Anglia University. It’s being launched the same week the United Nations COP26 climate conference was supposed to start in Scotland (which has been postponed until next year due to the coronavirus pandemic).

    The simulations allow users to see what their city would look like in 2100 if global warming is limited to below 2ºC, which is the goal of the Paris Agreement from 2015. Then, as a second scenario, it shows the results of a “moderate” emissions reduction, with global temperatures reaching about 4ºC in 2100.

    Using it is pretty straightforward. You go into the app, type in the location you want to look at and then the app shows simulations of the current climate and projections of the future with the two possible scenarios. ESD Research is already available to download for free in the Apple Store and in Google Play.

    The researchers at Tyndall said that many cities are predicted to warm by approximately the same as the planet average by the end of the century — both in the low CO2 emissions and the moderate CO2 emissions projections. The warming in the Arctic could be more than double or more the planetary average increase in temperature.

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