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    Page Updated: Oct.. 8, 2020


     

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    Exxon Mobil Plans
    Surge in Emissions
    -ZMESCIENCE
    GHG Emitter
    October 8 4, 2020

    According to internal documents obtained by Bloomberg, America’s largest oil and gas corporation Exxon Mobil was planning to increase its 2021 greenhouse gas emissions by 17% — an increase equivalent to the entire nation of Greece.

    That’s only Exxon Mobil’s own emissions, not the emissions produced by its customers burning oil. When that is also taken into consideration, the total impact would be about five times bigger.

    Oil companies are in a strange place: on one hand, their main activity is producing and selling fossil fuels, the main contributor to climate change. But on the other hand, they’re trying to shed the ‘bad guy’ image and move (or at least claim to be moving) towards sustainability.

    Some are taking real steps. Equinor, traditionally a petroleum refining company, is making a massive move into wind energy. Others are just posturing — and Exxon Mobil seems to be king of this hill.

    Unlike some of its rivals, Exxon Mobil never made a commitment to cut emissions or become carbon neutral. The likes of Shell and BP have at least announced plans to become carbon neutral by 2050, but Exxon hasn’t made any promises of cutting emissions or becoming carbon neutral. Although Exxon’s website is scarce in clear committments, though it does mention that “we support the Paris Agreement” and makes mentions of “actions to address the risks of climate change” and “maximizing transparency”.

    Climate Change is Driving
    Calif. Record Wildfires
    --ZME SCIENCE
    Sepetember 25, 2020

    California is experiencing one of its worst wildfire seasons on record and climate change seems to be the main driver, according to a new study. Researchers have found an “unequivocal and pervasive” role for global warming in driving the scale and severity of the fires.

    More than two million acres (809.000 hectares) have already been burned across the state, with residents being forced to leave their homes as firefighters try to contain blazes. President Trump has pointed the finger at poor land management practices as the main cause, while the California Governor has blamed climate change.

    Now, a review of scientific research into the actual reasons for the wildfire has suggested rising temperatures are playing a major role. The same research team had already looked at the origins of Australia’s dramatic fires and found climate change was behind the increase in the frequency and severity of fire there as well.

    The new review looked at more than 100 studies published since 2013. They showed that extreme fires form when natural variability in the climate syncs up with increasingly warm and dry background conditions (which are made more frequent by global warming). That’s the case now in California, and it created the worst wildfires in 18 years.

    Temperatures in Death
    Valley Hit 130 Degrees
    --ZMESCIENCE
    Environmental Inhjustive
    August 17, 2020

    As the US west coast is dealing with a heatwave, the temperatures at Death Valley National Park in California reached 130 Fahrenheit (54.4ºC) on Sunday, possibly breaking the record for the highest temperature ever (reliably) recorded on Earth.

    The reading, obtained at 3:41 PM, is now being verified by the United States Weather Service, although climate experts are confident it will be confirmed. It would not only be the hottest temperature recorded in the US since 1913, but also break the world’s temperature record.

    The current record for the hottest temperature on Earth is also held by Death Valley, at 134 Fahrenheit (56.6ºC), recorded on July 10, 1913. But the measurement is disputed and considered erroneous by modern weather experts.

    Christopher Burt, an expert on extreme weather data, concluded in a study in 2016 that it was “essentially not possible from a meteorological perspective” as the Death Valley reading doesn’t agree with the temperatures in the region as a whole.

    A record-high temperature for Africa was registered in Tunisia at 131 Fahrenheit (55ºC) but, according to Burt, that reading, as well as others in Africa from the colonial period, have “serious credibility issues.”

    Air Pollution Is Much
    Worse Than We Thought
    --VOX.com
    Climate Change
    August 12, 2020

    In the late 1960s, the US saw regular, choking smog descend over New York City and Los Angeles, 100,000 barrels of oil spilled off the coast of Santa Barbara, California, and, perhaps most famously, fires burning on the surface of the Cuyahoga River in Ohio. These grim images sparked the modern environmental movement, the first Earth Day, and a decade of extraordinary environmental lawmaking and rule-making (much of it under a Republican president, Richard Nixon).

    From the ’70s through the beginning of the 21st century, the fight against fossil fuels was a fight about pollution, especially air pollution.

    In the ensuing decades, the focus has shifted to global warming, and fossil fuels have largely been reframed as a climate problem. And that makes sense, given the enormous implications of climate change for long-term human well-being.

    But there’s an irony involved: The air pollution case against fossil fuels is still the best case!

    In fact, even as attention has shifted to climate change, the air pollution case has grown stronger and stronger, as the science on air pollution has advanced by leaps and bounds. Researchers are now much more able to pinpoint air pollution’s direct and indirect effects, and the news has been uniformly bad.

         

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